This essay Shakespeare- Tragedy Class 101 has a total of 572 words and 3 pages.
Shakespeare- Tragedy Class 101
Shakespeare: Tragedy Class 101
If you were to walk out onto a street and get hit by a car, people might think this is a tragedy, referring to the common usage of the word as meaning anything bad that happens to a person or society. But in the days of Shakespeare, the word tragedy had on more significant meanings; it meant a drama having a disastrous or fatal ending brought about by the character’s inevitable and uncontrollable fate or conflicts within himself, or with his fellowmen ("Tragedy" 305). To better understand what tragedy truly means, we must examine the key elements of tragedy: seriousness, magnitude, unity, conflict, and suffering (Yelland 206).
As seen in Shakespeare’s tragedies, they are all serious in that they are grave and contemplative. Shakespeare flushes out the sadness that comes from a "tragic flaw" or harmatia within the character which leads to a catastrophe (Yelland 207). Hamlet, overpowered by the evil surrounding him, falls into evil himself (Boyce 653). His tragic flaw, being indecisive and too thoughtful, takes on a serious tone, compelling the audience to react accordingly. Hamlet is just one of the many central characters in Shakespeare’s plays who have fallen "victim of his own strength" (652).
Magnitude is another element in tragedy, found mainly in characterization. During the Elizabethan and Greek era, tragedies revolved around people of great importance as opposed to other ages where the protagonists were ordinary men of inconsequential titles ("Tragedy" 306). Hamlet, being a typical tragedy, evolves itself in the noble realms of Denmark where he, the prince of Denmark, was usurped of his throne by the marriage of his uncle and the Queen. Yelland said that magnitude is also "evident in the large simplicity of the action, in the power and intensity of the conflicts involved, and in the poetry and dignity of the expression" (207). In essence, it is the pieces of the plays, united together, that creates magnitude.
A tragedy without unity is a tragedy itself. Tragedy needs to consist of a central idea in order to give the play meaning and purpose. It needs to have a carefully "integrated" plot to weave in its incidents (Yelland 207). Aristotle wrote certain rule later refined by scholars into what are called the three unities which dramatists during the Elizabethan age didn’t emphasize as much. These unities were to "secure artistic completeness" (Yelland 207).
A drama is not quite complete without the internal and external conflicts encountered within the protagonist, the plot, and the various surrounding forces. As presented in Hamlet, Othello, and other Shakespearian plays, the conflict resides within; it is between the hero and his harmatia— Othello’s envy, and MacBeth’s desires (Yelland 208). A common aspect of all great tragedy is the destructive force, "one of dignity and value," faced by the hero (208). Although he may be conquered, he did confronted the conflict.
When the protagonist becomes overpowered, he experiences a grievous and prolonged suffering which is fate for him. Shakespearian tragedy pointed out that even suffering can be experienced among people of high ranks (Boyce 653). The purpose of tragedy is to produce a catharsis-- emotional purge and relief-- from the audience as the hero is overtaken and suffers (208). Tragedy is derived from this suffering.
In this tragic world, we are not flawless because we are all humans, and Shakespeare’s tragic heroes manifest this unrelenting property of life (Boyce 654).
Topics Related to Shakespeare- Tragedy Class 101
Ancient Greek theatre, Shakespearean tragedies, Drama, Tragedy, Hamartia, Hamlet, William Shakespeare, Classical unities, Macbeth, Play
Essays Related to Shakespeare- Tragedy Class 101
Alexander IIIAlexander III According to Plutarch, Alexander was born on the sixth of Hecatombaeon (July) in the year 356 B.C. He was the son of Philip, king of Macedon,and Olympias. Supposedly on the day he was born the temple of Artemis burnt down, signifying his future glory. Not much is known of the youth of Alexander. It is known that he was taught by Aristotle and had a love of the Greek epic poems. One famous story from his youth is told in Plutarch\'s life of Alexander. Philonius the Thessalian brough
Ancient Greek DramaAncientGreek Drama Ancient Greece Drama Les representations theatral sont les grands evenements du l’annee. C’etait presentait juste 10 fois par an. Toutes les personnes ont voulait le voir. Ils etaient besoin de payer deux aboles pour entrer le stadium. Si quelqu’un etait trop pauvre,le cite ont payer pour lui parce que c’etait un evenement special. Ils ont apporter ce qu’ils ont voulait manger durant les recrees. Les personnes ont faisait trois tragedies ou trois comedies et un blague. Ils co
Gladiators of Ancient Rome-GreeceGladiators of Ancient Rome-Greece The Rise of Gladiatorial Combat Gladiatorial contests (munera gladitoria), hold a central place in our perception of Roman behavior. They were also a big influence on how Romans themselves ordered their lives. Attending the games was one of the practices that went with being a Roman. The Etruscans who introduced this type of contest in the sixth century BC, are credited with its development but its the Romans who made it famous. A surviving feature of the Roman
The Rise of Gladiatorial Combat in RomeThe Rise of Gladiatorial Combat in Rome Gladiatorial contests (munera gladitoria), hold a central place in our perception of Roman behavior. They were also a big influence on how Romans themselves ordered their lives. Attending the games was one of the practices that went with being a Roman. The Etruscans who introduced this type of contest in the sixth century BC, are credited with its development but its the Romans who made it famous. A surviving feature of the Roman games was when a gladiator
ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH ABBREVIATION IN ENGLISH An abbreviation is a shorter way to write a word or phrase. People use abbreviations for words that they write a lot. The English language often uses the apostrophe mark \' to show that a word is written in a shorter way, but some abbreviations do not use this mark. Some abbreviations use the period mark, especially the ones that come from the Latin language. Some examples of common English abbreviations are don\'t for do not , shouldn\'t for should not , etc. for et cet
Egyptian HistoryEgyptian History History Egypt has one of the most ancient civilizations of the world. Its history spans over five millennia. The pharaohs ruled Egypt for about 3 000 years until it was conquered by the Greeks, then by the Romans. In 639 AD, it was conquered by Islams from Syria . In 1517 the Ottomans took over until Napoleon came to Egypt in 1798. Egypt remained under English and French domination until the 1950’s, until the revolution of 1952. Traditions and Customs As in their holy book the Q
Throughout the history of ancient Rome and GreeceThroughout the history of ancient Rome and Greece drama remained a reflection of the nature of their contemporary society. “The function of the poet is to imitate, through the media appropriate to the given art (drama), not particular historical events, characters, emotions, but the universal aspects of life impressed on his mind by observations of real life. It is closer to reality than the concrete situation, since the universal is truer than the particular.”–Aristotle. Aristotles poetics. Cha
The Evolution of Greek TheaterThe Evolution of Greek Theater 1 One of the most famous things related to Ancient Greece is theater. No one is sure who personally started theater, but Greek theater began all theater in Europe and had major influences on plays performed today. Drama was performed for special occasions and as contests, with the playwright and actors winning prizes. Playwrights originally acted, but when contests began, they stopped. Actors were semi-professional and usually selected and paid by the state. The th
Character development in Fifth Business, and the r Character development in Fifth Business, and the role of name changes Robertson Davies’s novel, the Fifth Business, is full of symbolism, magic, saints, miracles and myths. Its characters are rich and colourful. Just like in classic theatre plays, there are five main characters in the book, two female ones and three male characters: the Hero, the Villain and the so called “fifth business”, who helps the story move along. The book’s main character, Dunstable Ramsey, plays a similar role in peopl
VILLAIN’S REVENGEVILLAIN’S REVENGE The Roles of the “Villain” in Shakespeare’s Plays M.A. student Early Modern Theatre, essay 2 14, January, 2004-1-14 Among the numerous roles in Shakespeare’s plays, there are some villains profoundly depicted, each exhibiting some unique features in personality and mindset. Their villainousness is so striking that the reader of the plays cannot help contemplating the dark side of human nature and exploring the motives of their evil behavior. Some of the villains --- represented
Homosexuality and Misogyny in Greek LifeHomosexuality and Misogyny in Greek Life Feminine equality and the need of a male female relationship, these two ideas are what many people believe in today’s society to have always been around since the beginning of time. But these people are wrong because both misogyny and homosexuality have been around for thousands of years and in this paper I intend to converse about homosexuality and misogyny in the time of Greek antiquity compared to how Aristophanes portrays it in Lysistrata. In this ess
English Coursework – Blood Brothers, by Willy RussEnglish Coursework – Blood Brothers, by Willy Russell In the play ‘Blood Brothers’, what techniques does Willy Russell use to attract and maintain the audiences interest? Further to your comments, explain how, given the opportunity, you would direct, Act five Scene five. Willy Russell was born just outside Liverpool. His father owned a chip shop and his mother worked in a warehouse. At school he was a failure but during English silent reading lessons he realized he wanted to be a writer. He left
Studying DramaStudying Drama Semester: WS 2003/2004 Abgabetermin: 8. Dezember 2003 Summary of Michael Patterson\'s: “Studying Drama” The text „Studying Drama“ written by Michael Patterson deals with the question how drama as a literary genre really works and with its development from its origins in Ancient Greece till nowadays. At the beginning of the text Patterson exemplifies the general characteristics of a play. In a play environment and setting are not described directly to the reader like in a novel tho
Isadora DuncanIsadora Duncan Isadora Duncan was an American dancer, whose creation of an expressive dance style based on the ancient Greeks laid the foundations for the modern dancers of the twentieth century. Isadora Duncan was born Dora Angela Duncan in San Francisco, California, 1877. Isadora\'s parents were divorced shortly after her birth, and her poor but romantic mother filled her children with the sounds of music and notions of uncoventuality. Isadora showed an early talent for dance and left school a
NEW ATLANTISNEW ATLANTIS WE sailed from Peru, where we had continued by the space of one whole year, for China and Japan, by the South Sea, taking with us victuals for twelve months; and had good winds from the east, though soft and weak, for five months\' space and more. But then the wind came about, and settled in the west for many days, so as we could make little or no way, and were sometimes in purpose to turn back. But then again there arose strong and great winds from the south, with a point east; whi
Gulliver’s TravelsGulliver’s Travels The tales of Gulliver’s Travels, by Jonathan Swift, is a wide known story. For more then two and a half centuries, Gulliver’s Travels has been read by children for pleasure. Terry Gilliam’s “The Adventures of Baron Munchausen” is much the same. It can be compared to Gulliver’s Travels in many ways. “The Adventures of Baron Munchausen” has been given the subtitle “Gulliver Revived” for the following reasons; the adventures both Gulliver and Munchausen partake, political hierarc
MACBETHMACBETH The use of the Classical Tragic Mold in character development In Shakespeare\'s tragedy, Macbeth, there are many characters. Only one character stands out, and his name is in the title of the play. Macbeth\'s character was made in the mold of the ancientGreek tragic hero. Besides being endowed by Shakespeare with an abundance and variety of potential traits and characteristics, Macbeth also follows the Classical Tragic Mold, which is presented with a hefty supply of hubris, and in this
Greek DramaGreek Drama 1. The Greek God Dionysus was honored in fifth century Athens by drama festivals. Describe and name these festivals. Clearly demonstrate the differences between them. The main festivals were the Greater or city Dionysia and the Lesser or Rural Dionysia. There were other smaller festivals that where held in Athens at the time: the Oschophoria, the Anthesteria and the Leanaea. These festivals most likely originated from fertility rites. The festivals honored Dionysus Eleuthereus. All t
Greek DramaGreek Drama 700 B.C. was the time and Athens, Greece was the place. Religion was a large part of daily life. Many festivals were being held in honor of the ancientGreek gods. One festival is mainly accredited with the invention of Greek Drama. This festival called the City Dionysia was held in honor of the Greek god Dionysus, the son of Zeus. Dionysus was the god of everything fun (such as wine, sex, and parties). Although these festivals were fun they were also a very spiritual time for the pe