Sexual Transmitted Diseases Defined


TABLE OF CONTENTS

I . Sexually transmitted diseaeses defined

II. Genital Herpes

III. Vaginal Candidiasis

IV. Chlamydia

V. Prevention

VI. Bibliography


A sexually transmitted disease is not the same as genital disease. Most
genital diseases are not caused by sexually transmitted organisms. But most
sexually transmitted infections do involve the genitals. Infection of the
rectum, throat, and the eye are also common. Alot of sexually transmitted
diseases spread from a single place and produce sores on parts of the body. At
least a dozen diseases are sexually transmitted. Sexually transmitted diseases
occur mainly in people 15 to 30 years of age. But sometimes people are born
with it because of an infected mother. People with a sexually transmitted
Disease are usually at high risk for catching other diseases. There are more
male infections reported than female cases. This is caused by prostitutes and
homosexual contacts. 50 percent or more infections result from homosexual
contacts. Other infections like syphilis, herpes, and HIV infection may be
passed on to the fetus or during childbirth. The fetus or baby can suffer from
the disease and can die from it. The helping of STDs has three parts:
treatment, counseling, and following up. Sometimes treatment is given in a
single dose but in sometimes you have to take it more than once. A person can
still be infected even if the symptoms go away. That is why a follow-up visit
is important. To avoid spreading the infection the person should not have sex
until the doctor says that it is cured. It can take up to fourteen days. This
stops the Ping Pong effect.

GENITAL HERPES

This infection is caused by the Herpes simplex virus. The symptoms are
similar, and can result from either oral-to-genital or genital-to-genital
contact. The virus causes blisters on the genitals, similar to the cold sores
that occur on the mouth. Cold sores on the mouth are also caused by the herpes
virus. These infections are caused by viruses cures are not available. It has
been estimated that approximately 1 in 6 people in Australia has had a history
of genital herpes at some time.

Not all people infected with the herpes virus will have symptoms. As
many as 60-70% of people with herpes virus type 2 infection by a blood test
have not had symptoms diagnosed as genital herpes.

Things occur most often on the penile shaft, glans or anal area and on
the labia, clitoris,vagina or cervix. They also are around the mouth or on the
throat after oral sex. . Genital herpes is usually more painful in women
Vaginal and blisters may be so painful that women become unable to pass urine.
It is important to get early treatment in order to prevent this from getting
worse. Some symptoms happen for 1 to 3 weeks. Herpes lives in the body between
symptoms. Relapses can happen by emotional or physical stress, fever, trauma,
hormonal changes, sunlight, alcohol. There are two different Infections
Asymptomatic Infections and Neonatal Infections.

Genital herpes can be passed on through most forms of sexual contact,
genital-to-genital, oral-to-genital, and mutual masturbation. Many people are
unaware that cold sores may cause genital infection during oral sex. It is also
possible for a person to transfer herpes from their own mouth to their genitals,
and to their eyes. Condoms may further reduce spread between attacks.

Some treatments that can relieve discomfort: -Keeping sores clean and dry -
Wrapping an ice-block in a towel -Bathing in salt water -Drinking plenty of
water -If urination is painful, urinating in a hot bath or, for women, using
both hands to separate -the lips of the vulva to achieve a free stream of urine,
preventing urine from touching the
ulcers. -Wearing loose, cotton underpants and avoiding tight trousers -
aspirin

Anti-Herpes Drugs: Acyclovir

The use of condoms during vaginal and anal intercourse reduces the risk
of genital herpes, but protects only those areas in contact with the condom.
Because herpes can be transmitted from mouth-to-genitals condoms or dental dams
may be used during oral sex. If there are sores , it is important to avoid
oral sex. Because herpes can be spread by the hands between people, it is
important to wash your hands if they have come into contact with sores.

VAGINAL CANDIDIASIS ("THRUSH", MONILIA, YEAST)

The yeast like organisms that cause candidiasis are very common and
normally are in the vagina as well as the mouth and in the intestines of most
people. Candida is not an actual STD. It is seen in most sexually active people.
The presence of candida doesn\'t usually have symptoms. There is a change in
the pH of the vagina and may cause