Roman Mythology


The ancient Greek and ancient Roman religion was the belief in gods.
They had similar beliefs, but also vast differences. They came from each other
and gave their people a form of morality. It was composed of many meaningful
gods and goddesses that all played a part in the everyday life of the average
Roman and Greek person of that time.
They believed in something called polytheism. It is the belief of many
gods; each given a personality, function, relationship to each other through
family, and to be the subject of many myths and legends that were to be told for
many of years to come. They were to become the basis for a religion that would
last for hundreds of years and would yield thousands of followers to believe in
the made stories of these enchanted people or gods as they were called. (
Grolier)
The Roman mythology was to consist of twelve to thirteen main gods.
Each having a function in the life of the everyday Roman that would require some
sort of worshipping. The Roman gods were taken from the beliefs of the Greek
gods. They are directly descended from their neighboring religion. The Roman
mythology consisted of the high god Jupiter, his wife and sister Juno, son
Vulcan, son Mercury, daughter Diana, daughter Venus, son Mars, daughter Minerva,
son Apollo, sister Vesta, brother Pluto, brother Neptune, and Janus.(www, hunt)
Jupiter was the ruler of the gods. He is also known as Zeus to the
Greeks. He became ruler of the gods through him drawing that lot from his
brothers after they overthrew the Titans. He was the god of sky and rain. He
was the keeper of the thunderbolt which he hurled at anyone that displeased.
That is how he is portrayed through the Greeks, but through the Romans; he was
still the ruler of the gods and used his thunderbolts. They portrayed as the
lord of life and death and he never visited mankind on earth.(www. hunt)
Neptune was the god of the sea. This is the lot he drew from his
brothers. He was worshipped mostly by seaman. He was the creator of the horse
and the user of his three-pronged spear, the trident. It could shake the
ground and break any object at will, but in his Roman sense he was still the god
of the sea. It only took longer for him to be noticed as it. He started out as
a minor deity of the water, but his importance increased as the number of seamen
increased. (www. hunt)
Pluto the god of the underworld. This is the lot he drew from his
brothers. He is one of the greediest of the gods and is always looking for more
ruling subjects. He is the god of wealth also because of all the precious
metals mined from the earth. He is also the king of the dead and married to his
abducted queen Persephone in the Greek mythology. (www. hunt)
Vesta was the goddess of the hearth and the symbol of the home. She was
the watcher of households and family activities. She is a virgin goddess and
plays no parts in myths. She is known as Hestia in the Greek religion. (www.
hunt)
Juno was the goddess of marriage and the protectress of women. She was
the queen of the heavens. She was the wife and sister to Jupiter.(Grolier) In
Greek mythology She was all and the same. She was forced into marrying
Zeus(Jupiter) because he raped her. To hide her shame she married him.(www.
hunt)
Mars was the god of war, agriculture, and of the state. He appeared in
three different ways: Mars Sylvanus, the god of vegetation; Mars Gradivus, the
god of war; and Mars Quirinius, the god of state. (Grolier) In Greek mythology
he was also considered the god of war, but not of the others. He was disliked
by his parents and was a coward.
Apollo was the god of music, healing and truth. He was the player of
the golden lyre, shooter of the silver arrows, teacher of medicine to mankind,
and god that could not tell a lie. He was the also the carrier of the Sun
across the sky by his chariot of winged horses. He was represented in the same
way in both the Roman and Greek religions. (www. hunt)
Minerva is the goddess of wisdom, art and craft, and war. She was a
deity of the dawn. She was originally said to be the daughter of the giant
Palla, but was later said to have sprung from the forehead of Jupiter fully
armed and grown.