Roman Civilization

1. Domus Tiberiana-

2. Barracks for the Praetorian Guard-Built inside Rome during the reign of Tiberius (14-37 CE) because Tiberius was somewhat paranoid about an assassination attempt. This was the first time the guard was housed within Rome, thus giving them a bigger role in politics and allowing them to become an extremely powerful force (thus, they were eventually able to kill Caligula, make Claudius emperor, etc…)

3. Sanctuary to Isis- according to Wendy we don’t need to know this, very briefly touched on in class- the only info we have is we’ve seen a slide of it.

4.Porta Maggiore- built by Claudius, this is a series of arches in Rome where two aquaducts are connected. The masonry on the lower sections has purposely been left in the form of rough-hewn stones. Even the column shafts shows this affectation, giving the impression of an unfinished work. (See page 148 in Ramage and Ramage for a picture)

5. Rustication- leaving stones un-polished, just as they would have come out of the quarry.

6. House of Vettii- House in Pompeii which was well preserved by the volcano. The various frescoes show off the fourth style of painting. It also shows a good example of the extensive and ornate gardens that were in style at this time. (See pages see page 178 for pictures) Specific examples of paintings can be seen further in the Ixion Room and the stage set from Herculaneum.

7. Peristyle- The rectangular courtyard or garden of Greek or Roman houses

8. House of Diana- An Apartment building in the town of Ostia

9. Domus Transitoria- Named because it was said to be “in transit” across the Forum, it began construction under Nero, however, it was never completed because of the Fire of Rome on July 18, 64 CE

10. Domus Aurea- Built after the Domus Transitoria was destroyed as a result of the fire. It was the “Golden House” of Nero- a giant country villa in the center of Rome in a large area that had been cleared by the fires. It was lavish and guilded, characterized by massive parklands, temples, walkways, porticoes and an artificial lake. There was also a 20 ft. statue of Nero in bronze. There were focally discrete areas, it wasn’t designed with the organic structuring of space. It plays with rectilinear and curvilinear forms. Every room is vaulted and doesn’t have any beams. It is made of decorated concrete with underlying brick and has a 5 sided vault (the first ever built). (See R&R 149 for pictures)

11. Temple of Venus and Rome- temple in the Domus Aurea that is built on top of fragments of the destroyed Domus Transitoria

12. Palace of Domitian- fragments of Domus Transitoria became the foundations of this building which was built on the Palatine Hills in Rome. Rabirius was the architect for this Palace. The marbled walls served as mirrors in all public rooms.

13. Baroque- A term that implies flamboyance and an emphasis on decorative detail. Highly ornamental and theatrical, it uses curvilinear form and exploits dramatic uses of lighting. This style became especially popular during the renaissance.

14. Curvilinear- emphasis on curved lines

15. Rectilinear- emphasis on rectangular shapes

16. Vici- districts that Rome was divided up into. At the time of the Roman fire, there were 265 vici

17. Severus and Celer- Top architects in Rome during the time of Nero, Severus was the architect and Celer was the masterbuilder on the Domus Aurea

18. Octagonal Room- (See page 150 in R & R for a picture)- Domed 8-sided room in the Domus Aurea that is centrally dominated by the Oculus that casts lights down in the room with dramatic effect that allowed for a shifting light source throughout the day. This also suggests the idea of Nero as a cosmogonic ruler since the single source of power or light parallels the single source of power in Rome or Nero. The room is painted with a mosaic of the night sky. Also, the dome is made of concrete.

19. Oculus (Eye)- central opening in a domed room that lets in light through the ceiling. Examples of this can be seen in the Octagonal room and the Parthenon.

20. Portrait of Odysseus at Sperlonga- Life sized marble statue which was in the Pergamene style, Helenized

21. Tiberius’ Grotto- Beside his villa at Sperlonga there were huge grottos decorated with