Rogers and Hammerstein\'s South Pacific

In Rogers and Hammerstein\'s South Pacific, the main theme is racial
prejudices. The two main characters, Emile de Becque and Nellie Forbush are
faced with these problems as they attempt a relationship. Two other minor
characters, Lt. Joe Cable and Liat, are faced with the same dilemma. Both
Nellie and Joe Cable have a hard time copping with their own racial prejudices;
Joe loves Liat, yet cannot marry her because she is Tonkinese ; Nellie loves
Emile, but cannot marry him because of his former Polynesian wife. It is these
prejudices that set the state for what might be the most significant scene in
the production. In act 2, scene 3, Nellie reveals her prejudices to Emile.

I can\'t help it. It isn\'t as if I could give
you a good reason. There is no reason. This
is emotional. It\'s something that is born in me.

She looks to Cable for help in describing what she feels, but he offers no help.
Emile tells her that it is not born in her, that it cannot be born in her.
Nellie, who is crying, runs off. Emile is left with Joe, who is thinking over
his own relationship with Liat. Emile asks him why he and Nellie think that
these prejudices are born in them. Joe, giving him the product of his thoughts,
tell him "It\'s not born in you."
It is at this point that Joe Cable begins singing "Carefully Taught," a
character song in which Joe is able to vent his frustrations and anger about his
own prejudices. The music is slightly upbeat, which helps to illustrate that by
singing this song, he is beginning to feel better. The words that Joe sing tell
the audience that he realizes that prejudices aren\'t born within someone, but
taught to them.

You\'ve got to be taught to be afraid
Of people who\'s eyes are oddly made,
And people who\'s skin is a different shade –
You\'ve got to be carefully taught!
…To HATE all the people your relatives hate –
You\'ve got to be carefully taught! (II,iii)

Joe realizes that there would be no prejudices in the world if it nobody
were to teach it to the children. He sees that if nobody had even spoken
against other races or people that were different, he would have no problem with
marrying Liat. He realizes that he actually does not feel these things at all
and the ideas that have been planted in his head can be as easily uprooted as
they were planted. Joe, feeling better, sits down and listens to Emile begin to
Emile tells Joe that it was prejudice that he had been running away from
and it was prejudice that had found him again. He finishes "Carefully Taught".
He sings of being cheated in the past and being cheated out of love again. He
sings that it is the fault of "a MEAN little world of MEAN little men (II,iii)."
He sings that he will hold on to this island "and be free – and alone(II,iii)."
It is this part of the song that offers a perfect segue into Emile\'s next song,
"This Nearly Was Mine."
Joe alludes to the fact that he will probably marry Liat after all by
saying that all he cares about is on the island and so he plans to stay there.
Emile agrees with him that if all you care about is right there on that spot,
then it is a good place to be, but if what you care about is gone, there is no
place to be. It is at this point that he adds his voice to the music that has
been going on under the dialogue, singing "This Nearly Was Mine", a love song
that shows how much Nellie\'s refusing marriage has affected him.
The song he sings is about things lost and giving up hope of ever being
happy again. He sings of having one love, one girl, one dream, and each of
those things would be in his paradise, which he nearly had. He poetically sings
of how Nellie flew into his heart, only to fly away. He remembers things like
kisses, and time spent with her, but realizes that these things will be no more.
The song is very sad and the music magnifies that emotion of sadness to a higher
After Emile has finished singing, Joe sees the opportunity to take
advantage of the situation. He asks Emile if he would reconsider going on the
spy mission