Research Paper


By checking the slapshot speed, we can determine whether a wood stick or a graphite hockey stick shoots faster. Also, we will also be observing the differences in brand and if they matter. The puck will also be researched, in order to calculate the physics of the shot.


Ice hockey originated in Canada in the 1800s, and the first modern indoor hockey game was played in Montreal in 1875. By the 1890s it had become extremely popular and had spread to the United States. Since 1917 the National Hockey League (NHL), with teams in both countries, has been the primary professional association. The rival World Hockey Association (WHA), launched in 1972, ceased operation in 1979; several of its 12 teams gained entry to the NHL. The NHL\'s current 30 teams play in two conferences, the Eastern and Western, each with three divisions. Though most NHL players have always been Canadian, an increasing number of players from the United States and Europe have appeared since the 1980s. Teams vie for the Stanley Cup—originally donated to the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (1893) by Sir Frederick Arthur Stanley—the NHL\'s championship trophy and the symbol of world professional supremacy.


A wood hockey stick has many ties to hockey’s very creation. The early Ice Hockey sticks were carved from Hornbeam trees (Ostrya Virginiana), which are native to Nova Scotia and provide a very durable hardwood. One of the tools used in the carving of Hockey sticks was known as a "Crooked Knife". Hornbeam is also known as \'Ironwood\' because of its durability, and \'Stinkwood\' because of its unpleasant odor when cut. Because of the huge numbers of ice hockey sticks made using these methods by many makers, local supplies of Hornbeam were largely depleted and the companies then turned to the yellow birch, another hard wood which possesses the same characteristics. Wood sticks are traditional sticks and are usually less expensive than modern composite sticks. Also, with wood sticks, one is able to fine tune his/her stick by cutting or sanding it to make it more comfortable. Wood sticks break easier, are heavier, and tend to be stiffer than other materials. There is an upside; however, the wood stick’s stiffness can really help out in leverage. This helps propel the stick harder and cause a greater force in the slapshot.


Composites like graphite are what many of the new sticks are made of today. The most common out is graphite. This is because of its combination of strength and durability, while retaining a relatively light weight and providing maximum and most efficient output force. Graphite can be used many ways in stick construction. It can be used to coat or reinforce a wooden core; it is sometimes mixed with kevlar to form the shaft; and it can also be used entirely on its own. Graphite is more expensive than fiberglass and aluminum, but less expensive than kevlar and titanium. Graphite sticks are considered strong and lightweight .They use replaceable blades, so when the head breaks, the whole stick doesn’t go to waste. The blades are usually made of wood and attached to the composite stick with glue. Some blades have Kevlar wraps on them, for added endurance. The cheaper varieties result in plastic blades. A curved blade allows you to lift the puck and put spin on it but makes it more difficult to shoot or pass backhand. A blade with a smaller curve gives you lower shots and better control.


Shooting power is equal to the energy transfer and whip of a hockey stick. The shooters weight, height and strength determines how much they can physically flex the shaft of a hockey stick. Therefore, the stronger the player the stiffer the shaft & the lighter the player, the need for more flex increases. I think it is impossible for a 90 lbs. player to have the same shooting power using the same shaft as a 170 lbs. player, because a 170 lbs. guy has more weight shifted into his shot. The stiffness, or flex, of a stick\'s shaft is important in determining control and performance. The lower the flex number the more flex it has, and the higher the flex number the stiffer the stick is. Every stick is designed based on a player’s height,