Research on Baseball


English 12


03/15/04


How did Baseball first start? Baseball first started in the early days of civilization. Baseball had spread throughout Europe by the middle ages and became popular in different ways. The Europeans brought the sport of Baseball to the American colonies in the early 1600’s. In 1869, Baseball became an American sport and was introduced as a professional league under the name of Major League Baseball (MLB).


The rules of Baseball were originally created on September 23, 1845 by a man named Alexander Cartwright. Alexander Cartwright was part of the Knickerbockers ball club. Basically, these are the original rules of Baseball. It’s pretty simple.


First, members must strictly observe the time agreed upon for exercise and be punctual in their attendance. When assembled for practice, The President, or Vice President in his absence, shall appoint an umpire who shall keep the game in a book provided for that purpose and note all violations of the by-laws and rules during the time of exercise. The presiding officer shall designate two members as captains, who shall retire and make the match to be played, observing at the same time the players put opposite each other should be as nearly equal as possible. The choice of the two sides to be then tossed for, and the first in hand to be decided in a like manner. The bases shall be from “home” to second base, 42 paces, from first base to third base, 42 paces, equidistant. No stump match shall be played on a regular day of exercise. (http://open-site.org/Sports/Baseball/History/Rules/1845_The_Original_Rules_of_Baseball)


If there should not be a sufficient number of members of the club present at the time agreed upon to commence exercise, gentlemen not members may be chosen in to make up the match, which shall not be broken up to take in members that may afterwards appear, but in cases members shall have the preference, when present at the making of the match. If the members appear after the game is commenced they may be chosen in if mutually agreed upon.


The game would consist of 21 counts, or aces, but at the conclusion of an equal number of hands must be played. The ball must be pitched, and not thrown, for the bat. A ball knocked out of the field or outside the range of first or third base is foul. Three balls being struck at and missed and the last one caught is a hand out. If not caught is considered fair and a striker is bound to run. A ball being stuck or tipped and caught either flying or on the first bound is a hand out.


A player running the base shall be out, if the ball is in the hands of an adversary on the base or the runner is touched with it before he makes it to the base, it’s being understood, however, and that in no instance is a ball to be thrown at him. A player running who shall prevent an adversary from catching or getting the ball before making his base is a hand out. Three hands out, all out, and players must take their strike in a regular turn.


All disputes and differences relative to the game, to be determined by the Umpire from which there is no appeal. No ace or base can be made on a foul strike. A runner cannot be put out in making one base, when a balk is made by the pitcher. But one base allowed when a ball bounds out of the field when struck. (http://open-site.org/Sports/Baseball/History/Rules/1845_The_Original_Rules_of_Baseball)


Baseball has nine positions all together. Here are the positions first base, second base, third base, shortstop, pitcher, catcher, right field, left field, and center field. The first baseman is a defensive player that plays on or near the first base bag. The second baseman is the fielder who plays the infield near the second base bag. The third baseman is the fielder who plays the infield near the third base bag. The shortstop is also a defensive infielder that plays between second base and third base. The pitcher is the fielder designated to deliver the pitch to the batter. The pitcher shall stand facing the batter, his entire pivot foot on, or in front of and touching and not off the pitchers plate