Reducing Numbers of Cars


Abstract


Nowadays, the number of cars in the city is increasing very rapidly day by day. In this paper it is argued that as the numbers of cars are increasing rapidly in the city, pollution is becoming a serious problem. As a solution to this problem the numbers of cars in the city should be minimized. This paper will explain this argument through various researches done on this and some similar topics. This paper also illustrates the problems faced due to the congestion of cars in the city. Based on various researches, it is shown in this paper that how the numbers of cars in a city can be reduced.


1.0 Introduction


As there is a sudden advancement in the automobile industry during the last few decades the number of cars in a city is increasing rapidly and it is becoming a great problem. During a visit to the city, traffic jams have to be faced and a lot of valuable time is wasted. As the number of cars in the city is becoming great the pollution level is rising at an alarming rate which is very harmful for health.


In this paper it is discussed that the cause of the above mentioned problems is the rapid increment of cars in the city and it is argued that the only solution to this problem is to minimize the number of cars in the city. In addition it is considered why the number of cars in the city should be reduced and what should be done to minimize them.


Many methods are being applied in order to solve these problems but these methods are inefficient because the number of cars is increasing with the increase in population. Few of these methods include the use of catalytic converter in the exhaust of a car, which reduces the emission of poisonous gases and the use of pollution free hybrid cars.


Catalytic converter becomes ineffective with the increment of cars in the city and the use of hybrid car is not suitable because although it can reduce the pollution level but it does not reduce traffic congestion.


Furthermore, in this paper the methods of reducing the number of cars in a city are demonstrated, such as park and ride system, Light Rail Transit (LRT) and the implementation of toll tax at every entrance to the city. Public is convinced that by reducing the number of cars in a city, traffic congestion can be avoided and level of pollution can be reduced which helps to obtain a cleaner and healthier environment for the good of mankind. Therefore by minimizing the numbers of cars in a city may somehow affect human comfort but it will reduce some severe problems such as pollution and traffic jams.


2.0 Cars becoming a problem in cities


Nowadays, the number of cars in the city is increasing very rapidly day by day. This dramatic increment is causing some serious problems, such as traffic congestion and pollution. The only solution to these problems is to decrease the numbers of cars in the city.


2.1 Public Reaction


There are many ways by which the number of cars in a city can be minimized. In implementing the ways to reduce the number of cars, public reactions have to be faced. It is argued by the public that the congestion problem can also be solved by widening the roads. It is also argued by the public that they pay taxes to the government so the government has no right to restrict them to use cars only outside the city. It is asserted that the number of cars in the city should not be minimized.


A study was carried out by Ampt and Jones (1992), for the UK Department of Transport as part of a series of studies to investigate public attitudes to possible congestion-relieving measures. The sample selected was household-based and was chosen to contain at least one person in each household who travelled into the centre of Bristol by car on a regular or fairly regular basis. Within each household, interviews were conducted with all people of driving age. The results reported that the majority of the people were against the traffic restraint scheme. It was also seen that the attitudes of minority of the people towards the traffic have