Racism in Colleges


Racism has been a steady problem all through time. One of the most
troublesome areas of racism is in places of education. Finding a cure for this
would be a major step towards ending racism in general. No one has ever thought
of a solution yet, and racism will be strong as long as there isn\'t one.
It all started back when the colonists traded certain goods for slaves.
They had never seen a black person before and thought of them as lower human
beings because they did all of the colonists\' work for them. Since blacks were
so low, they were never given a good education.
This lack of education continued throughout the centuries. Even in the
1700\'s slaves were never taught how to read or write. In the 1800\'s everyone\'s
feelings about slavery, good or bad, culminated in one big war, the American
Civil War. During this period, the slaves really tried to break free from their
past stereotypes. A small percentage of them taught themselves to read and write
and they began to teach others.
Some blacks even fought in the Civil War. The most educated were
selected and several black units were formed. Once the North had defeated the
South in the war, the slaves were freed from bondage, however, that did not mean
that they would be free from the terrible prejudice that still permeated the
country.
Schools sprang up in all black areas but were not given the public
funding that they needed and deserved. They were usually only one room and very
dirty. They were given the oldest and most worn out books and equipment that
were available. There weren\'t even many teachers who were qualified and were
willing to teach at an all black school. Even though education was instituted
for African Americans, which was a step in the right direction, it was a very
small step and still didn\'t give blacks the education they deserved.
This treatment prevailed for many years after the Civil War. A new
concept, segregation , evolved and was predominant from the late 1800\'s through
the first half of the 1900\'s. Whites assumed that they were better than black
people and didn\'t want to be around them in anything they did. For example, in
buses, whites were given privileged seating in front; but blacks had to sit in
the back. Moreover, if there were not enough front seats whites could preempt
blacks from their back seats. There were separate restrooms, drinking fountains,
stores and, of course, schools.
Segregation remained the same for many years until one day in 1955 a
black woman named Rosa Parks sat down in the front of a bus where all of the
white people were sitting. When she was told to move to the back of the bus, she
refused to budge. This action set off an uproar among blacks who questioned
their rights for the first time.
In the 1960\'s, the governor of Alabama, George Wallace, was a militant
supporter of segregation. In 1963 two blacks, Vivian Jones and James Hood,
sought admission to the traditionally segregated University of Alabama.
According to legislation at the time, they had every right to go there; but
since the governor was so anti-black and pro segregation, he didn\'t like it one
bit. As the two black students prepared to enter the college, George Wallace
stood in the doorway, blocking their way addressing the need for segregation. He
refused to move, so the national guard was called in to restore order and admit
Jones and Hood to the University of Alabama. This was an important moment in
black history because it marked the first time a black person had been admitted
into an all white college.
Although laws pertaining to civil rights were enacted that ended
segregation, hatred and racism still continued; and it appears to be even
stronger now than it ever has been. Today there is no legal segregation in
colleges but a recent study revealed that most southern colleges remain
segregated.
In this day and age, there are many diverse ethnic groups and cultural
backgrounds that populate the same colleges. With this great amount of people,
there is naturally much tension between the many groups. From this tension
arises the hate groups on college campuses. Whether they are against whites,
blacks or any other groups, they cause many problems in the steady flow of
education.
Although everyone has the freedom of speech, even if the majority
disagrees with it, they do not have the freedom to do whatever they want to
fellow human beings. These hate groups become uncontrollable when they assault
or