Psychology Theories

Sigmund Freud is one of the most famous psychologists to
ever hit the study of psychology. His name alone
symbolizes the importance of his theories, and the name
that comes to most people\'s heads when saying the word
psychology is Sigmund Freud. Freud was a psychodynamic
psychologist and came from the conservative point of view
which states that man is bad and society is good, which I
do not agree with 100% because not all man\'s actions are
necessarily bad and with bad intentions.
Freud was a real pessimist when it came to human nature.
He identifies man\'s weaknesses in saying that man is a
biological creature with biological drives. He reflected these
ideas off of Darwin\'s original ideas. I do agree with this
theory because man\'s drives are survival and
self-preservation. Freud also stated that mankind\'s
aggression helps him to survive, he says that man has an
innate sense of survival. I also agree with this theory
because aggression and dominance guarantees our survival.
He also believed that over the many thousands of years that
man has been alive man developed rational thought. Freud
stated that people do not have to live like animals because
overtime we developed a society that has rules and
regulations in order to keep our animal nature in check. I
agree with Freud on this because of many cases when a
person has some bad intentions in mind but let\'s them go
when they know the consequences.
Another thing Freud said was the idea of Opposing
Instincts which when comes to mind creates conflict. The
first of the two opposing instincts is the Eros, which is the
life instinct, which also ensures the organisms life. The ID
presses us to survive and pushes us to produce. The Eros
seeks pleasure and then we rationalize it. Next comes the
Thanatos, which is the death instinct, and this instinct says
that all organisms have a death wish towards themselves
and I agree completely. This he says becomes our own
destruction. Freud says it is natural to move towards death
and this I think is obvious. The feelings we have must be
expressed and released and we direct our feelings outward.
This becomes our aggression toward others. Freud\'s view
on the mind is in the shape of an iceberg. He believes that
mankind\'s mind works in the unconscious, which I do not
agree with at all I feel that man is mostly conscious when it
comes to behaviors. Every choice that mankind makes he
is aware of, but maybe the consequences of our action
might be unknown.
The Structure of Personality which is another interesting
part of Freud\'s theory basically states that we have an ID, a
Superego and an Ego. The ID is a biological reservoir of
urges and impulses that need to be gratified. He says the ID
does not have a conscious, it acts on instinct. It seeks out
gratification and pleasure. It is the pleasure principle. The
Superego is the Morality Principle, and the Superego
knows the difference between right and wrong. The
Superego is a bunch of learned internalized morals and
values of society. This is basically the thing that keeps the
ID in check. Freud said that Superego is our conscious,
and that the Superego is the most powerful tool (guilt and
pride). Last but not least is the Ego, which is the reality
principle. The Ego finds socially acceptable ways to satisfy
the ID. It finds the balance between the ID and reality. The
functions of the Ego is to find a compromise between the
ID and the Superego. The Ego must also learn to deal with
anxiety, and it also helps to boost the self-esteem. Without
the Ego there would be no mental health. I completely
agree with Freud\'s theory of the Structure of Personality
because I feel we have different parts of our behavior that
we can control and that we are conscious about and there
are other behaviors that come directly from our
unconscious. Our ego lies to us, denies, falsifies, and
distorts reality which in turn causes us to create what Freud
likes to call the seven defense mechanisms.
The first of the seven defense mechanisms is Repression.
Repression pushes the problem to the subconscious. It is
the exclusion of impulses and thoughts from the conscious
mind. Next comes Denial, and denial is the cutting of the
conscious mind from external threats. An example of this
would be when you are walking in the mall with your
girlfriend and a beautiful woman walks by and you look but
when your girlfriend asks you say, "I wasn\'t looking at her."
Next there is a defense mechanism called Sublimation
which is the changing of bad behavior and