Protestant catholic reformations


Word Count: 1694


The economy flourished with the invention of the printing press. It was the cause for the protestant reformation. If it had not been for the printing press, it would have been stomped out. Usually when a new religion was formed it was nipped in the bud of the development of it and labeled heresy before the common people would have ever heard to tell of it.


There were also much higher literacy rates in this age as well. More people knew how to read. The printing press had a better system where you could print multiple copies without the printing device fading after the first few copies. It was made of lead as apposed to wood.


Europe has become more urban. They were able to form cities quickly. Capitalism starts to take shape in Europe and trade routes develop. All of this is made possible by good agricultural surpluses. The reason cities can flourish is because there is all sorts of food and people who work in the cities will trade their services or goods for food or whatever else they may need.


Women have begun to get some social status by this age, but are still second class to men. If women chose to work outside their home they would only make little amounts of money. The women who did work were often accused of being witches. Witchcraft accusations were women seventy percent of the time. They usually called the women who had acquired power to be witches. The women who were acting as the men should generally were skillful at something and the men who werenít as skilled would become jealous and claim them to be witches. The people were superstitious at times, fearing of witches.


In 1500 to 1555 there were problems with the church and corruption within it. The church was working closely with the government and politics were taking the church over. There were cases of abuses in the church. Often priests were not able to read, so they would recite memorized scripture. When scripture is used like this it stands the chance of being twisted to the benefit of the priest who relies on memory. The priests were not always pure. They had mistresses and children. They would make them pay fines for having children, but you couldnít get rid of the child, so it was like paying to have a child.


In order to become a priest you had to 1) be catholic and 2) be male. They would live luxurious lives; the clergy would seek pleasure in art, wine, riches, and food. They would even sell the church offices to people. Simony is the term for selling or buying offices. They would sell relics, the bones of saints, vials of blood, and pieces of cloth. These were popular and could attract people and tourists. They sold indulgences, which gave a person a free pass to sin.


What stands out as a good deed becomes a sale. They sold the indulgences to earn money to send to Rome. Then the priests would become promoted for their good deeds. In the convents life had its oppressive side. Unwed mothers could give their child to god. Life inside the convent would be the only life that they would ever see. At a certain age boys would become Priests. Convents were a place for the priests to get away.


On Halloween of 1517 Martin Luther wrote down a list of 95 complaints about the church. These would become known as his thesis. He then called for a public debate. He took the complaints and tacked them to the church door in Wickenburg. They were then copied and sent all over Europe within a couple of weeks. Luther did not intend to form a new church, but he wanted to reform the current church. Martin Luther was the son of a minor. Luther became a monk when he was walking through a park with a friend and he was struck by lightning and died.


Lutherís thesis went all over, especially to Germany. He claimed that the selling of indulgences were void, they have no affect on you. In Saxony he was seen as a profit that was to expose the Pope and clergy for their greediness. So he formed a new