president kennedy

Kennedy’s Assassination

November 22, 1963. Another shot heard around the world. The

assassination of Kennedy is the one of the most trivial

events in the history of the United States. Many different

people have various opinions to who actually assassinated

President John F. Kennedy. Two authors who have written

books on the trivial subject of Kennedy’s assassination are:

Jim Garrison who wrote A Heritage of Stone, and Anthony

Summers who authored Conspiracy. They both share the idea

that Oswald was part of a conspiracy, and similarly they

think the assassination was carried out by a powerful group

of people. President Lyndon B. Johnson was appointed to

president after the death of J.F.K. and a commission was

set-up by him to investigate the assassination. The Warren

Commission, after analyzing the events for ten months,

reported that Lee Harvey Oswald was not part of any

conspiracy, domestic or foreign, to assassinate President

Kennedy. The findings of the Warren Commission are

questioned in both books and are written about as though the

commission was lying about what actually happened. In

Anthony Summers book, Conspiracy, he presents to the reader

many possible organizations that could be linked to the

Kennedy assassination. Summers does not come out and say

whom he thinks killed Kennedy, rather he offers different

possibilities and allows the reader to decide. Not even one

of his possibilities agrees with the conclusion of the

Warren Commission of Oswald not being part of any

conspiracy. The organizations he presents, as ones

associated with the assassination are the Mafia, the

government intelligence agencies and Fidel Castro.

Similarly, to the conclusions of the Warren Commission, the

writings in the Conspiracy give no definite answer to who

actually murdered Kennedy. Primarily, Summers associates the

Kennedy assassination to have been carried out by the Mafia

leaders who were affected by the policies of Kennedy. His

interviews with mobsters show that it was a probable

organization connected with the Kennedy assassination.

Summers interviewed Jose Aleman to get information on the

feelings of the Florida Mafia boss, Santo Trafficante.

During the course of the interview, Aleman spoke about

Trafficante’s disgust with the Kennedy’s and their crack

down on organized crime. Trafficante was quoted as saying;

“Kennedy’s not going to make it to the election. He is going

to be hit.”(p.284) The “hit” the Mafia boss referred to is a

word that the Mafia uses when they are going to kill someone

and the hit could have been when Kennedy was shot to death.

Summers also found Ed Becker, a mobster who had testified

for the Assassinations Committee and said that Carlos

Marcello, the New Orleans Mafia boss, had taken out

“insurance” for President Kennedy’s death. Becker also

testified that the “insurance” could have been to, “Set-up a

nut to take the blame.”(p. 290). One of the people on the

committee said after hearing testifiers, “I am now firmly of

the opinion that the mob did it. It is a historical

truth.”(p. 290). Another organization possibly linked to the

assassination, according to Summers in his book is the

government agency called the Senate Select Committee on

Intelligence. In this possibility, he connects Oswald to the

government agencies when he interviewed Senator Schweiker, a

committee member, who said that he strongly believed that

Oswald was related to the assassination. Summers also found

another person who stated that he “firmly believes President

Kennedy was killed as the direct result of a plot by an

element of American intelligence.”(p. 296) A third theory,

also presented in the Conspiracy, is that of Castro plotting

a plan to kill Kennedy. This theory is possible because

Kennedy was an enemy of Castro due to Kennedy’s

“theoretical” plot to kill Castro. Castro discovered this

plan and in retaliation he sent out troops to kill Kennedy

before he could kill him. John Roselli who said “I was a

good friend of Castro and he told me that he had sent troops

to the United States” confirmed the troops that were sent by

Castro. (p. 121). All three theories were well supported by

Summers and the decision of what is true he has left up to

the reader. His interviews and his researching show that all

his theories have substance to them. Similar to the book

Conspiracy, A Heritage of Stone by Jim Garrison also

denounces the conclusions made by the Warren Commission and

he states that they gave the people “unbelievable lies.” (p.

19). “I believe that the Kennedy assassination was carried

out by the force inside the United States government and the

assassination is a conspiracy.” According to Garrison the

inside forces are the only groups that could have done this.

He presents a one sided point of view on the Kennedy

assassination and gives no other possibilities for the

reader to consider.