This essay Post Plowden Legacy has a total of 1566 words and 9 pages.
Post Plowden Legacy
FOUNDATION COURSE THEMES - BAES Year 1
Subject: Primary Education & Post Plowden Legacy
Tutor: Alastair Horbury
Assignment: Critique of given text - Chapter 6, \'Pupils at Work.\'
Due: Mon 14 Nov 94
The task assigned was to read all six chapters provided, select one and produce a critique on the subject matter. The chapter selected was number six which analysed pupils\' and \'work\'. Firstly I wish to briefly summarise the entire chapter, highlighting the areas which I considered to be the most important, these areas will then be examined in depth and their merits or shortcomings discussed.
Firstly a summary of the chapter is needed to put into context the areas that will be discussed later. The whole chapter can be split into two main areas of discourse:- relationships and \'work\' and negotiation.
As there has been little research into pupils\' approaches to schoolwork, the author\'s chief concern is that of the pupils perceptions of , and approaches to, schoolwork, and the first point s/he makes is that there are differences between teachers\' and pupils\' ideas of what constitutes worthwhile work. The author sets out to define \'the meaning of work\' and in doing so draws our attention to differences between \'pleasurable work\' and \'labour\'. Workmanship, it is argued, has been replaced by unskilled labour and people now work as a means to an end seeking enjoyment through other avenues such as hobbies and recreation.
Teaching methods and school ethos\' in general are seen as outmoded and alien to the cultural and social influences on pupils. Therefore, there is greater responsibility on the teacher to make work seem more utilitarian and attractive. Research revealed that many pupils felt that work was pointless and invalid unless it was undertaken in preparation for forthcoming exams. However, work that may be deemed pointless or onerous by both sets of pupils (exam and non-exam) could be given validity by the teaching strategy employed. Pupils seemed to be more concerned with the status of the work and their personal relationship with the teacher, therefore the pupil reaction to any given task depended heavily on these two criteria. It is identified that pupil-teacher relationships are extremely important and they contain many concealed aspects which will be discussed in Part 1.
A prevalent feature of pupil-teacher relationships is the negotiation that takes place and teachers will offer incentives to pupils in order to encourage the process of work. It is interesting to look at the way in which teachers can utilise their experience and maturity to manipulate or cajole pupils into performing a given task, and this will be examined in Part 2.
PART 1 - RELATIONSHIPS & WORK
The first key issue in this chapter that I wish to examine is that of pupil relationships with teachers, and how they affect classroom behaviour and the amount of work produced.
I mentioned earlier that because of deep-rooted cultural influences many adults regard work to hold little or no satisfaction, and this notion permeates through to their children.
This notion combined with pupils\' own perception of themselves as having to be forced to work creates an arduous environment for the teacher. However, it must be said that work that is found unpleasurable to pupils is often that of the purely academic type which does not permit any creative license. Although academic work is of far more value, teachers often find themselves having to offer incentives or punishment in order to motivate pupils whereas the work with little or no academic value is seen, generally, as enjoyable i.e games and arts.
The author places great emphasis on trust. S/he asserts that many children cannot foresee the long-term advantages of doing work in schools and that many simply believe or disbelieve the teacher when s/he says it will be of benefit.. The point made may be valid but perhaps only in primary schools. I propose that in today\'s secondary school this idea has very little bearing and children are now more acutely aware than ever before of social and economic factors that dictate the need to do well in school. In some respects certain aspects of the author\'s argument are negated, those pupils who can foresee the need to do well have their own motivation, and negotiation and relationships are
Topics Related to Post Plowden Legacy
Educators, Occupations, Teacher, Teaching
Essays Related to Post Plowden Legacy
Introduction to Human ServicesIntroduction to Human Services Jeffrey, A Human Services Professional is someone who is a facilitator for someone who is not able or not yet able to deal with issues in a healthy way. I am taking classes so that I can learn how to best help empower people change their situation by believing in themselves. I believe that people have the answers within themselves, but may need help getting in touch with their spiritual or intuitive self. As human services providers, we hopefully strive to model h
OBE- Restructuring of the American SocietyOBE- Restructuring of the American Society OBE: The Restructuring Of American Society. There has been a concern for some time throughout America regarding the quality of public education. Students are graduating from highschool without adequate knowledge of the three R\'s. Universities are recruiting a multitude of incompetent pseudo-scholars. Employers don\'t understand why the new generation of workers do not possess the basic skills to perform the job. It would appear that American students a
Political Correctness In The ClassroomPolitical Correctness In The Classroom Schools in Canada have recently become the battleground for the fight over how much political correctness should be allowed to infiltrate grade school classrooms. One can take two sides when dealing with such issues as violent toys, “good clean fun”, the benefits and disadvantages of political correctness. There is much controversy about violent toys which are far from being considered politically correct. The toys that enter many grade school classrooms th
Student RightsStudent Rights Student\'s Rights by Q.T.M. McConnell Are you in the mood for some good reading? The other day I was in the Guidance Office looking for guidance when I saw an unassuming three page packet. Having nothing else to do, I picked one up and began reading. I learned that the name of this little manual is the Student\'s Rights and Responsibilities Bill. I thought to myself, my, what a great place is La Follette, that I can simply walk into my guidance office and learn my rights as a stu
Technology is Changing EducationTechnology is Changing Education Fernando Leigh English Composition and Rhetoric Research Paper Technology is Changing Education The best method for improving educational standards is to utilize every tool available, including state-of-the-art technology. Computers and the Internet have expanded the way in which education can be delivered to the students of today. Today’s networking technologies provide a valuable opportunity to the practice of learning techniques. Educators are discovering that
The American Education System: Cause for RebellionThe American Education System: Cause for Rebellion Kevin Stenger EN 102-07 Nov. 29, 1996 The American Education System; Cause for Rebellion If America’s Schools are to meet the needs of the twenty first century, they must be reinvented. It is not enough to try to fix the schools; they must be reconstructed in both fundamental and radical ways. The school system must be restructured. The future of the American public school system is significant because the maintenance of an informed and producti
United States of American: Personal FreedomUnited States of American: Personal Freedom No other democratic society in the world permits personal freedoms to the degree of the United States of America. Within the last sixty years, American courts, especially the Supreme Court, have developed a set of legal doctrines that thoroughly protect all forms of the freedom of expression. When it comes to evaluating the degree to which we take advantage of the opportunity to express our opinions, some members of society may be guilty of violating t
The need for Government Intervention in EducationThe need for Government Intervention in Education Reform The Need for Federal Government Involvement in Education Reform by ____________ Political Science 2301 Federal and State Government OVERVIEW For centuries, generations of families have congregated in the same community or in the same general region of the country. Children grew up expecting to earn a living much like their fathers and mothers or other adults in their community. Any advanced skills they required beyond the three R\'s (Readi
Drugs: A Major Problem In Canadian SocietyDrugs: A Major Problem In Canadian Society A major problem that exists within Canadian society is the abuse of mind- altering substances. Such narcotics cause not only health problems, but also violent and potentially criminal acts. A mind-altering narcotic can be defined as both the legal and illegal type. The four main categories of drugs are: narcotics, CNS depressants, CNS stimulants, and hallucinogens. Most of these drugs are highly addictive and are usually obtained by prescription or are
To teach or not to teachTo teach or not to teach To teach or not to teach? This is the question that is presently on many administrators\' minds about The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain. For those who read the book without grasping the important concepts that Mark Twain gets across in between the lines, many problems arise. A reader may come away with the impression that the novel is simply a negative view of the African-American race. Many scholars and educators, like Marylee Hengsetbeck who said, If
Hard TimesHard Times Utilitarianism Quadruped. Graminivorous. Forty teeth, namely twenty-four grinders, four eye-teeth, and twelve incisive. Sheds coat in spring...... A perfect example of a product of utilitarian education, Bitzer defines a horse off the top of his head in a split second. Utilitarianism is the assumption that human beings act in a way that highlights their own self interest. It is based on factuality and leaves little room for imagination. Dickens provides three vivid examples of this ut
DrugsDrugs TOBACCO Tobacco is a plant grown for its leaves that are smoked, chewed, or sniffed for a variety of effects. It is considered an addictive substance because it contains the chemical nicotine. The tobacco plant is believed to have originated in the Western Hemisphere. The cultivated species most often grown for North American and European tobacco products is Nicotine Tabacum. The leaves of the plant are prepared for smoking, chewing, or sniffing. In addition nicotine tobacco contains over
Inclusion in EducationInclusion in Education Fewer subjects in education evoke more discussion, confusion, or apprehension than the topic of inclusion. What is inclusion? What effects will inclusion have on the classroom? What is the impact on teachers? More importantly, are we as a nation prepared to face the challenge brought about with inclusion? These are only a few of the areas that we will explore as I attempt to unravel the issues surrounding inclusion. The true essences of inclusion is based on the premise th
Indians vs. The ConstitutionIndians vs. The Constitution They are Native Americans who are trying to build better lives for themselves but are stopped in there tracks by the state supreme court. Proposition 5 passed in November of 98, which would allow more gambling in the Indian reservations. The proposition was ruled to be unconstitutional. Now the Indians are rebutting the fact that they are sovereign and the ballot was passed. Under existing law, Indian tribes operate as semi-sovereign nations, and are liable under fed
Legalize drugsLegalize drugs Such an issue stirs up moral and religious beliefs; beliefs that are contrary to what America should believe . However, such a debate has been apparent in the American marketplace of ideas before with the prohibition of alcohol in the 1920\'s. With the illegality of alcohol the mafia could produce liquor and therefore had considerable control over those who wanted their substance and service. The role that the mafia played in the 1920\'s has transformed into the corner drug dealer
Multicultural Education in AmericaMulticultural Education in America Multicultural Education in America America has long been called The Melting Pot due to the fact that it is made up of a varied mix of races, cultures, and ethnicities. As more and more immigrants come to America searching for a better life, the population naturally becomes more diverse. This has, in turn, spun a great debate over multiculturalism. Some of the issues under fire are who is benefiting from the education, and how to present the material in a way so
Multicultural EducationMulticultural Education America has long been called The Melting Pot due to the fact that it is made up of a varied mix of races, cultures, and ethnicity\'s. As more and more immigrants come to America searching for a better life, the population naturally becomes more diverse. This has, in turn, spun a great debate over multiculturalism. Some of the issues at stake are: who is benefiting from education, and how to present material in a way so not to offend a large number of people. In the 1930\'
Personal freedomsPersonal freedoms No other democratic society in the world permits personal freedoms to the degree of the United States of America. Within the last sixty years, American courts, especially the Supreme Court, have developed a set of legal doctrines that thoroughly protect all forms of the freedom of expression. When it comes to evaluating the degree to which we take advantage of the opportunity to express our opinions, some members of society may be guilty of violating the bounds of the First Ame
Pressures Of Industry On EducationPressures Of Industry On Education With the high rate of adolescent unemployment an economic reality, the secondary education system needs to concern itself with the occupational future of the youth of America. Vocational education provides students with an alternative to a college degree. When vocational education is used in conjunction with local industries, a unique relationship is formed in which both institutions can benefit. These benefits include the following: 1. Educational institutions
Preventing School ViolencePreventing School Violence Preventing School Violence Many parents know that from their child’s first day of school, his or her safety is out of their hands. “They disappear into a world of mysterious cliques and rivalries, of grievances rendered in the primary colors of adolescent emotions and animated by comic book fantasies.”(Adler 36) Parents try to become familiar with their children’s friends, but are not sure how to keep track of his or her enemies as well. This impotence causes major con
Prevention Of Teenage ViolencePrevention Of Teenage Violence Prevention of Teenage Violence Violence is defined as the intentional use of force to harm a human being. Its outcome is injury (whether physical or psychological, fatal or nonfatal). Violence among teenagers is on the rise, and has been since the early 1980\'s. In my opinion this is due to the increase of violence in the media, the astounding availability of firearms and the lack of proper guidance in the home. Northeastern University\'s College of Criminal Justic
Private school vouchersPrivate school vouchers Private School Vouchers Proposals to use private school vouchers, a marketplace strategy, as a mechanism by which to improve the general quality of public education have produced a lively debate. Frequently, that debate has degenerated into a disagreement about whether public schools are as good as private schools or whether a given private school is better than a certain neighborhood public school. Other issues raised in these discussions include the appropriate use of p
Sex Education Messages in the MediaSex Education Messages in the Media Sex Education Messages In The Media The media should not be blamed for the sexuality of american youth. First concern in sexual activity is too much media. Television is something that kids watch all the time. Television shows that show sexual activity and children pick up on those events quickly. Teenagers dream about marrying someone who is good looking and has money and then starting a family with them. A lot of teens watch soap operas and romantic shows. T
Sex Educations in the SchoolsSex Educations in the Schools Why Sex Education Should Be Taught In Schools Most America teenagers are sexually active and think nothing could ever happen to them. But, many of them are misinformed about the risks that are involved in sex. Teens also don\'t always know the best ways to protect themselves and their partners from becoming pregnant or getting STD\'s. Alan Harris said, the more educated someone is the more likely they are to make responsible and informed choice for their behaviors.
Soical Promotion In Education TodaySoical Promotion In Education Today Amanda Ellington Dr. Cotton English Comp. March 31, 1999 Social Promotion an evil in this Society Johnny is a fifth grade student who is almost ready to graduate and move on to the sixth grade. Johnny however, can not multiply or divide. He cannot spell or read. Johnny fell behind in the third grade. His teacher overlooked his failure and promoted him so that he would not be held up socially. Johnny\'s fourth grade teacher promoted him to fifth grade hoping th
Regulating The Internet: Who's In ChargeRegulating The Internet: Who\'s In Charge James H Huff English 111G Fall 1996 The internet was started by the military in the late forties, and has since grown to an incredibly large and complex web, which will no doubt effect all of us in the years to come. The press has recently taken it upon themselves to educate the public to the dark side of this web, a network which should be veiwed as a tremendous resource of information and entertainment. Instead, due to this negative image, more and mor
DyslexiaDyslexia General information Imagine if my report was written like this: Dyslexia is wehn yuor midn gets wodrs mixde pu. If you were dyslexic, that\'s how you might read my report. The word dyslexia is derived from the Greek “dys” (meaning poor or inadequate) and “lexis” (word or language). Dyslexia is a learning disability characterized by problems in expressive or receptive, oral or written language. It is characterized by extreme difficulty learning and remembering letters, written or spoken
Parental Pressure within High School StudentsParental Pressure within High School Students I. I became interested in this topic because my entire academic life has been filled with pressure from my parents. This pressure was mainly in school and grades, and in high school, the amount of pressure increased dramatically. This is because my parents now realized that everything in high school counts towards college. When I first came to high school, my grades were not as good as they were in middle school. I needed a little time to adapt to hi
Safe Sex vs. Unsafe SexSafe Sex vs. Unsafe Sex The sexual revolution of the 1960\'s has been stopped dead in its tracks by the AIDS epidemic. The danger of contracting AIDS is so real now that it has massively affected the behavior of both gay and straight folks who formerly had elected to lead an active sexual life that included numerous new sexual contacts. The safest option regarding AIDS and sex is total abstinence from all sexual contact. For those who prefer to indulge in sexual contact, this is often far too
Why Sex Education Should Be Taught In SchoolsWhy Sex Education Should Be Taught In Schools Most America teenagers are sexually active and think nothing could ever happen to them. But, many of them are misinformed about the risks that are involved in sex. Teens also don\'t always know the best ways to protect themselves and their partners from becoming pregnant or getting STD\'s. Alan Harris said, the more educated someone is the more likely they are to make responsible and informed choice for their behaviors. Sex education given by teacher
AIDS. Is the message getting through?AIDS. Is the message getting through? AIDS - What\'s new ? ------------------- Is the message getting through? We already know enough about AIDS to prevent its spread, but ignorance, complacency, fear and bigotry continue to stop many from taking adequate precautions. We know enough about how the infection is transmitted to protect ourselves from it without resorting to such extremes as mandatory testing, enforced quarantine or total celibacy. But too few people are heeding the AIDS message. Per
Cystic FibrosisCystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is the most common autosomal recessive genetic disease of white Indo-Europeans (Caucasians). Three main systems are usually affected by cystic fibrosis. These include the lungs and respiratory tract, the digestive tract (especially the pancreas and intestines) and the sweat glands. The lungs will normally have a thick mucus line them in cases of cystic fibrosis which requires physiotherapy to dislodge the mucus and create sputum. The digestive enzymes that would c
Ethics In Physical TherapyEthics In Physical Therapy Ethics in Physical Therapy One of the most rapidly growing occupations in the United States today is Physical Therapy. The United States Department of Labor has projected 23,000 unfilled physical therapist positions in the year 2000 and a lack of qualified physical therapists to fill them (www.apta.org). While Physical Therapy grows rapidly, questions of ethics in this field have also grown in large quantities. Physical therapy is the treatment of disease through physi
Vegetarianism - To Meat Or Not To MeatVegetarianism - To Meat Or Not To Meat As children, one of the first things we learn is to recognize the friendly barnyard animals. We easily can spot the furry cow with the gentle eyes, the feathery chickens who run wildly about, and the pink pigs that roll in the mud. We may also sing about that nice farmer, Old McDonald, and all of his nice animals. The truth is that Old McDonald with a straw hat has been replaced by a business man in the hard hat. Ninety-five percent of the meat we eat does
Evolution Of TechnologyEvolution Of Technology Primitive men cleaved their universe into friends and enemies and responded with quick, deep emotion to even the mildest threats emanating from outside the arbitrary boundary. With the rise of chiefdoms and states, this tendency became institutionalized, war was adopted as an instrument of policy of some of the new societies, and those that employed it best became - tragically - the most successful. The evolution of warfare was an autocatalytic reaction that could not be
Church and StateChurch and State Jacob Naylor Period 4 Research paper 4 March 1996 The theory of evolution is at odds with the views of many religions, and many people want to allow a religious view of creationism to be taught in the public school system. The foundation of evolution is based upon the belief that the origin of all ordered complex systems, including living creatures, can be explained by natural laws without the initiation or intervention of God. A person who believes in the biblical model of crea
The InternetThe Internet The Internet: its effects and its future written by Eva Kotsi Internet, its effects in our lives and the future of the Internet: The Internet is, quite literally, a network of networks. It is comprised of ten thousands of interconnected networks spanning the globe. The computers that form the Internet range from huge mainframes in research establishments to modest PCs in people\'s homes and offices. Despite the recent hype, the Internet is not a new phenomenon. Its roots lie in a co
The internetThe internet The Internet: its effects and its future Essay written by Eva Kotsi Internet, its effects in our lives and the future of the Internet: The Internet is, quite literally, a network of networks. It is comprised of ten thousands of interconnected networks spanning the globe. The computers that form the Internet range from huge mainframes in research establishments to modest PCs in people\'s homes and offices. Despite the recent hype, the Internet is not a new phenomenon. Its roots lie i
The Lives of Confucius and Guatama SiddharthaThe Lives of Confucius and Guatama Siddhartha Dariush Nazem World Civilization 121 September 19, 1996 Professor: Helju Bennett Section Teacher: Sara Abosch The Life Of Confucius Throughout the time span that man has lived on earth, there have been many religions in existence. Two very important and influencing religions that have been around for over two thousand years are Confucianism and Buddhism. The founders of these two religions, Confucius and Buddha, respectively, lived different lives an
Sports ViolenceSports Violence Abstract This report will briefly examine violence in sports. It will give possible reasons for the increase in violence, why violence seems to be growing and what we can do to curb this disturbing tend. While not all theories can we examined here, the most relevant to the topic will be examined and discussed. Introduction The purpose of this report is to bring into light one of the most talked about problem in sports today, violence. Many people, spectators, coaches, players and
Carl Orff's Philosophies In Music EducationCarl Orff\'s Philosophies In Music Education While Carl Orff is a very seminal composer of the 20th century, his greatest success and influence has been in the field of Music Education. Born on July 10th in Munich, Germany in 1895, Orff refused to speak about his past almost as if he were ashamed of it. What we do know, however, is that Orff came from a Bavarian family who was very active in the German military. His father\'s regiment band would often play through some of the young Orff\'s first
What is Technology Education?What is Technology Education? What is Technology Education? I asked myself nearly a year ago. I was at the time involved in Industrial Technology with a concentration in Drafting Design. Unchallenged and bored with that particular field of study, I searched for something new, but yet somewhat the same. I saw a flyer posted in Flanagan Hall at my former stomping ground, East Carolina University, that said teachers were desperately needed at local high schools. Some of the subjects they needed tea
The Role Of LanguageThe Role Of Language The Role of Language Can contemporary discourse presume a community of interest? In order to answer this question, one is forced to first answer the question, can language be used to reveal anything new? If the answer is yes, then how can it do this and how can we employ it to do this for us. Also, one is forced to ask what is it exactly that we are looking for? Once we’ve found it, how can we use it to improve our present condition? Plato and Descartes both believe that lan
Flawless Heroes?Flawless Heroes? It is important for youth to have heroes but society cannot ignore the facts and only report on the good side of those heroes. Everyone is human, and they are going to make mistakes. Hopefully they learn from those mistakes, and if those mistakes are brought to light and conveyed to the young people then they too learn from those mistakes. History has a duty to report on the entire story. To report anything less would be wrong. To just simply say that Columbus was a perfect man
Violence on the TubeViolence on the Tube Matt Chisholm Jeb Beck English 110 Dec. 13, 1996 One Saturday morning many years ago, I was watching an episode of the ‘ Roadrunner\' on television. As Wile E. Coyote was pushed off of a cliff by the Roadrunner for the fourth or fifth time, I started laughing uncontrollably. I then watched a ‘Bugs Bunny\' show and started laughing whenever I saw Elmer Fudd shoot Daffy Duck and his bill went twirling around his head. The next day, I pushed my brother off of a cliff and shot m
Modern Music CompositionModern Music Composition Composition has been an ever-changing entity in our society. Music composition is also a very alternating subject of study. You have to keep up to date when you wish to compose a piece of music. This is strictly due to the progression of music in this day in age. If you fail to study, the music you are writing may, very well, upset the music community with old or potentially outdated material. The only way to stay up to date with composition is to listen to a lot of clas
Flaweless HeroesFlaweless Heroes Flawless Heroes? It is important for youth to have heroes but society cannot ignore the facts and only report on the good side of those heroes. Everyone is human, and they are going to make mistakes. Hopefully they learn from those mistakes, and if those mistakes are brought to light and conveyed to the young people then they too learn from those mistakes. History has a duty to report on the entire story. To report anything less would be wrong. To just simply say that Columbus w
Violence on the TubeViolence on the Tube Matt Chisholm Jeb Beck English 110 Dec. 13, 1996 Violence on the Tube One Saturday morning many years ago, I was watching an episode of the ‘Roadrunner’ on television. As Wile E. Coyote was pushed off of a cliff by the Roadrunner for the fourth or fifth time, I started laughing uncontrollably. I then watched a ‘Bugs Bunny’ show and started laughing whenever I saw Elmer Fudd shoot Daffy Duck and his bill went twirling around his head. The next day, I pushed my brother off of
Computers in EducationComputers in Education The typical school has 1 computer per 20 students, a ratio that computer educators feel is still not high enough to affect classroom learning as much as books and classroom conversation. Some critics see computer education as merely the latest in a series of unsuccessful attempts to revolutionise education through the use of audio- and visually-oriented non print media. For example, motion pictures, broadcast television, filmstrips, audio recorders, and videotapes were all
Physical Education In Secondary SchoolsPhysical Education In Secondary Schools My philosophy of physical education in the secondary setting deals with students becoming physically fit. Also that students learn how to communicate with others, especially in a team setting. My philosophy also holds in it different teaching methods. Methods that physical education teachers can use to get the most out of their students. With this philosophy of physical education I plan to use it toward becoming a good teacher. The major reason for having