This essay Post-Modern Victorian: A. S. Byatt's Possession has a total of 1434 words and 6 pages.
Post-Modern Victorian: A. S. Byatt\'s Possession
A. S. Byatt\'s Possession
If I had read A. S. Byatt\'s novel Possession without having had British Literature, a lot of the novel\'s meaning, analogies, and literary mystery would have been lost to me. The entire book seems one big reference back to something we\'ve learned or read this May term. The first few lines of chapter one are poetry attributed to Randolph Henry Ash, which Byatt wrote herself. Already in those few lines I hear echoes of class, lines written in flowery Pre-Raphaelite tradition. "The serpent at its root, the fruit of gold /…At the old world\'s rim, /In the Hesperidean grove, the fruit /Glowed golden on eternal boughs, and there /The dragon Ladon crisped his jewelled (sic) crest…." Because of class, I was able to pick up on this poetry tradition right away. This story within a story is strengthened by Byatt\'s ability to write Victorians accurately. Until I read some of the reviews, I thought Byatt\'s Victorian characters were actual historical literary figures, when actually they are fictitious, and their journals, letters, and poetry are written by Byatt.
The action of the book takes place in two periods. The two main characters, Roland and Maud, are literary scholars living in the 1980\'s. Their love story is shared and played out by the diaries, poetry, and correspondence of two poets and lovers from the 1860\'s-Randolph Henry Ash and Christabel LaMotte. Although the book is modern fiction, much of it is a Victorian novel as well. Possession is characteristic of Byatt\'s love for intertextuality and imbedded texts. Possession is also an example of several literary genres, all written into one book. At various times it gives evidence of poetry, mythology, a romance novel, a detective story, a fairy tale, journals and diaries, and scholarly writings.
There are several themes in Possession that tie this book to earlier texts that we have read. Individual versus group identity, feminism, sexuality and the link between present and past are themes that Byatt deals with in her novel. Interestingly, Byatt expresses many of these themes using symbolic color imagery, a technique that makes her writing reminiscent of Pre-Raphaelite style.
According to Byatt, the "struggle of the individual to discover and then live out her own identity, an identity etched out only with enormous effort and determination" is a major theme running through many of her novels, especially this one. The title itself brings out the first questions of identity-Possession. Who possesses whom? Does he possess her, or does she possess him? Are they owning and possessing their literary history, or does it possess them?
Individual identity is lost in the way the book is written. Many times, the reader cannot tell one couple from the other-who is reading Ash\'s poetry, kissing, running away on a honeymoon of sorts, and making love? Is it Roland and Maud, or is she suddenly writing about Christabel and Ash again? Throughout the book, Byatt often makes these switches in characters between scenes without telling the reader. The effect is that the narrative is essentially no different for each couple living in different time periods. The same love story that defines Christabel and Ash in the 1860\'s also describes Roland and Maud in the 1980\'s.
In Victorian tradition, it was the man who "owned" the woman, his wife. Yet in this modern Victorian work, that becomes twisted. When Ash attempts to "claim" Christabel on page 308 by holding her and making love to her, the act of possession is switched around. He is trying figuratively to grasp her, and "she was liquid moving through his grasping fingers, as though she was waves of the sea rising all round him." He tries to take her all in, to know her, and her womanhood eludes him, as personality always will. Byatt\'s message seems to be that a personality cannot be taken or possessed by someone else, that individuality always remains, even in Victorian situations of female oppression and domination by males. This interwovenness and connection between the two couples through themes and situations, serves also to connect the past to the present, the Victorian to the Post-modern.
Feminism is an important aspect in each time period of the novel. Maud is a modern feminist,
Topics Related to Post-Modern Victorian: A. S. Byatt's Possession
Possession, A. S. Byatt, Ash, Christabel, British literature, Maud and other poems
Essays Related to Post-Modern Victorian: A. S. Byatt's Possession
Lord of the Flies Book ReportLord of the Flies Book Report Gregory Lovell 5669 Wider Reading Project Title : The Lord of the Flies Author : William Golding Summary One fact about this book should be established from the start - this is not a children\'s book. The littluns and bigguns represent members of the human race. The conflict between law and barbarism would have, I believe to be the same had the island been inhabited with adult survivors instead of children. The novel is about a transition from an immensely excit
Lord Of The Flies- Savages of SocietyLord Of The Flies- Savages of Society In viewing the various aspects of the island society in Golding\'s Lord of the Flies as a symbolic microcosm of society, a converse perspective must also be considered. Golding\'s island of marooned youngsters then becomes a macrocosm, wherein the island represents the individual human and the various characters and symbols the elements of the human psyche. As such, Golding\'s world of children\'s morals and actions then becomes a survey of the human conditi
MacbethMacbeth MACBETH Macbeth is presented as a mature man of definitely established character, successful in certain fields of activity and enjoying an enviable reputation. We must not conclude, there, that all his volitions and actions are predictable; Macbeth\'s character, like any other man\'s at a given moment, is what is being made out of potentialities plus environment, and no one, not even Macbeth himself, can know all his inordinate self- love whose actions are discovered to be-and no doubt h
Marriage: The Perfect Ending to Pride and PrejudicMarriage: The Perfect Ending to Pride and Prejudice An individual often finds himself in a conflict with the rules of society. Occasionally, rebelling is the path to happiness. However, usually, the real path to happiness is through compromise. This is the case in the early nineteenth century England setting of Pride and Prejudice, by Jane Austen. In the novel, Miss Elizabeth Bennet is a lively, independent woman, whose family\'s financial situation and whose strong mindedness suggest that she m
MTV and The Madonna PhenomenonMTV and The Madonna Phenomenon Madonna\'s intuitive grasp on the televisual world in which we live- of the medium\'s possibilities for engaging spectators in diverse ways- that in part accounts for her success. She is the supreme television heroine. (E. Ann Kaplan 271) What are the main theories which we have studied so far and how have they affected how you view television?-This is the question which this paper is supposed to answer. Obviously there is not enough time or space in which to d
Research Paper: ModelsResearch Paper: Models My research paper is going to consist of both a research paper and a album containing pictures that was collected. My research paper is going to provide information on what two guys imagine and think about when they think of women. These two guys are Mike, my friend and Timmy, my cousin. These guys are basically the guinea pigs in my experiment and their findings will be collected in the album. The other half of the research project is the paper that will not only explain
No title you name itno title you name it It has been said that all people are not equal in their intelligence or character so should it be just that all people have the same rights. There are many people who say yes but this paper is going to explain why everyone should have different rights. Not only is this paper going to discuss why but is already in effect (in some cases). The mentally ill should have different rights because their caretakers abuse them. Why? They did something the caretakers thought was wrong.
OthelloOthello OTHELLO FINAL PAPER 2. Discuss the techniques Iago used to manipulate others Through out the play of Othello Iago used many techniques to get what he wanted and one way or another he some how all most always got what he wanted. His techniques were that of an everyday sneaky, conniving bad guy, who always got people to trust him, except the person that was closest to him. But the main overall techniques he used were; 1)He gained the trust of people. Which was the number one technique, and
Philosophy And FantasyPhilosophy And Fantasy Symbolism of the Ring Symbolism of the Ring: The Embodiment of Evil One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the Darkness bind them (1 LotR II,2 The Council of Elrond) One of the masters of British Literature, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien has the unique ability to create a fantasy world in which exists a nearly endless supply of parallelisms to reality. By mastering his own world and his own language and becoming one with his fantasy
Pride and Predjudice- Marriage=MoneyPride and Predjudice- Marriage=Money 19th century England had some serious social problems left over from the heyday of Royalty and Nobility. One of the most significant of these was the tendency to marry for money. In this basic equation, a person sought a spouse based on the dowry receivable and their allowance. This process went both ways; a beautiful woman might be able to snag a rich husband, or a charring handsome man could woo a rich young girl. In these marriages, money was the only cons
Pride and PrejudicePride and Prejudice ³It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife².(pg.1) The first sentence of Jane Austen¹s Pride and Prejudice is perhaps the most famous opening of all English comedies concerning social manners. It encapsulates the ambitions of the empty headed Mrs. Bennet, and her desire to find a good match for each of her five daughters from the middle-class young men of the family¹s acquaintance: ³The business of her
Pynchon the ElusivePynchon the Elusive The identity of Thomas Pynchon is as elusive as the sticky, complex webs of meaning woven into his prose. As America\'s most famous hidden author, Pynchon produces works which simultaneously deal with issues of disappearance and meaning, of identity and nothingness in a fashion that befuddles some and delights others. He speaks to the world from his invisible pulpit, hiding behind a curtain of anonymity that safely disguises his personality from the prying eyes of critics a
Rappapcini's Daughter vs. The BirthmarkRappapcini\'s Daughter vs. The Birthmark The Unsuccessful Experiments in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Rappaccini’s Daughter and The Bithmark How are experiments done without the use of guinea pigs to help us learn and understand what is being studied? Everyday lab animals, such as mice, are used in experiments as guinea pigs because they provide similar reactions in comparison to the human body. Thus, mush knowledge of science is gained through guinea pigs. However, in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s classic sto
Rossetti's FeminismRossetti\'s Feminism The Victorian period marked the first traces of progress in the feminist movement, and poet Christina Rossetti embraced the advancement as her own long-established principles slowly became publicly acceptable. Her poem Goblin Market comments on the institutions in Victorian society that she and her feminist contemporaries wished to see altered, creating modern female heroines to carry out its messages. The goblins serve as malicious male figures to tempt the innocent heroine
Sarah Jeannette Duncan’s A Mother In India - VictoSarah Jeannette Duncan’s A Mother In India - Victorian Men Create Monstrous Victorian Women Sarah Jeannette Duncan’s A Mother in India Patriarchal Victorian Men Create Monstrous Victorian Women 706 Words A Mother in India, as a story depends on the facade of appearance and the reality of emotional abandonment within a male dominated Victorian society. Duncan’s point is that Victorian men create monstrous Victorian women. Relationships of any emotional worth are rendered impossible between Helena
Sir Gawain and the Green KnightSir Gawain and the Green Knight Sir Gawain and the Green Knight utilizes the convention of the French-influenced romance. What sets this work apart from regular Arthurian or chivalric romances is the poet’s departure from this convention. The clearest departure takes place at the resolution of the piece as the hero, Sir Gawain, is stricken with shame and remorse rather than modest knightly pride, even after facing what appears to be certain death and returning to his king alive and well. Althoug
Some Dreamers of Golden DreamsSome Dreamers of Golden Dreams In Some Dreamers of the Golden Dream, the author Didion uses fiery imagery to parallel the San Bernardino Valley to hell. It is a place where the hills blaze up spontaneously, and every voice seems a scream. (p.3) Didions hellish descriptions of the geography reflect the culture of San Bernardino Valley. It is where the hot wind blows and the old ways do not seem relevant, where the divorce rate is double the national average. (p.4) In this cu
Steinbeck's The PearlSteinbeck\'s The Pearl English 10/2 10/8/95 The Curse of the Oyster In The Pearl, by John Steinbech, evil transforms certain humble citizens into envious savages. Evil was exhibited by the doctor who refused to treat Coyotito because his parents had no money. When the doctor heard of Kino and Juana\'s fortune in finding the pearl of the world (722), he boasted that they were patients of his while thinking of a better life for himself in Paris. Coyotito was healed when the doctor finally came t
The AwakeningThe Awakening The title, The Awakening, implies that a rebirth from a stupor into self-awareness is something good. One would expect that someone who was once sleeping is better off and can see more clearly when he is fully awake. But this expectation is exactly opposite to Edna\'s condition. She is not awake. She is eventually drawn by the sea and drowns herself. She was deceived. Edna fails to see that the connection of a mother to her children is far more important than the enjoyment of a pas
The Book Report on 'The Power and The Glory' by GrThe Book Report on \'The Power and The Glory\' by Graham Greene The Power and the Glory by Graham Greene Book report by Allen Rabinovich It is the story-teller\'s task to elicit sympathy and a measure of understanding for those who lie outside the boundaries of State Approval. Graham Greene One day I gave The Power and the Glory to... a native of Mexico who had lived through the worst persecutions... She confessed that your descriptions were so vivid, your priest so real, that she found herself
The Catcher In The Rye - J D Salinger - book reporThe Catcher In The Rye - J D Salinger - book report The Catcher In The Rye / J.D. Salinger - - Main Character - Preface - This book has been steeped in controversy since it was banned in America after it\'s first publication. John Lennon\'s assassin, Mark Chapman, asked the former beatle to sign a copy of the book earlier in the morning of the day that he murdered Lennon. Police found the book in his possession upon apprehending the psychologically disturbed Chapman. However, the book itself con
The Catcher in the Rye - Main CharacterThe Catcher in the Rye - Main Character The Catcher In The Rye / J.D. Salinger - - Main Character - Preface - This book has been steeped in controversy since it was banned in America after it\'s first publication. John Lennon\'s assassin, Mark Chapman, asked the former beatle to sign a copy of the book earlier in the morning of the day that he murdered Lennon. Police found the book in his possession upon apprehending the psychologically disturbed Chapman. However, the book itself contains nothin
The CompetitorsThe Competitors As thousands of people poured into the rectangular shaped stadium for what was being called, the event of the century , the participants readied themselves for the hardships they would surely suffer from the games. After a long grueling season of intense bodily torture this would by the final chapter of confrontations. Out of the 275 original members of the DFS leagues infant year, only 20 remained. These men and women were not only hardened on the outside, but on the inside as
The Crucible by Arthur MillerThe Crucible by Arthur Miller Date Created: September 18, 1995 Grade Received: B Subject: Superstition in the play The Crucible by Arthur Miller. * * * SALEM WITCH TRIALS Superstition and witchcraft resulted in many being hanged or in prison. In the seventeenth century, a belief in witches and witchcraft was almost universal. In Salem Massachusetts where the witch trials take place many people who are suspicious is accused of witchcraft and hanged. Arthur Miller wrote a play called The Crucible.
The DeerslayerThe Deerslayer James Fenimore Cooper was born on September 15, 1789 in Burlington, New Jersey. He was the son of William and Elizabeth (Fenimore) Cooper, the twelfth of thirteen children (Long, p. 9). Cooper is known as one of the first great American novelists, in many ways because he was the first American writer to gain international followers of his writing. In addition, he was perhaps the first novelist to demonstrate...that native materials could inspire significant imaginative writing (
The Grapes of WrathThe Grapes of Wrath The Grapes of Wrath is a novel by John Steinbeck that exposes the desperate conditions under which the migratory farm families of America during the 1930\'s live under. The novel tells of one families migration west to California through the great economic depression of the 1930\'s. The Joad family had to abandon their home and their livelihoods. They had to uproot and set adrift because tractors were rapidly industrializing their farms. The bank took possession of their land
The Heart of DarknessThe Heart of Darkness The Heart of Darkness Symbolism has long been a tool of the storyteller, finding its origins in the folklore of our earliest civilizations. In more recent years, however, symbolism has taken on a new role, forming the skeleton upon which the storyteller builds the tales of his or hers thoughts and adventures. Knowing the power of this element, Joseph Conrad uses symbols to help the reader explore dark interiors of men. The symbols become a vehicle that carry the audience fr
The HeroThe Hero Many great literary novels have the protagonist, the main character of the novel, being portrayed as the hero. There are many different deeds and actions that can characterize a person as a hero such as saving someone from a burning house at the risk of one\'s own life. The main distinguishing characteristic of a true hero is self-sacrifice, whether it be scarifice of your own personal desires or ideals or sacrifice of physical well being to help others. There are a few novels in whic
The Importance of LiteracyThe Importance of Literacy Try and imagine our society without a common language. This could be quite a hard idea to fathom. Allow me to assist you. If this hypothetical idea were in fact true, a typical conversation between two individuals would be as follows: one of the two would begin the conversation by making noises representing their language, the other person would not understand these noises and respond with unrecognizable noises to the first individual. As you can well imagine, this wou
The Invisble ManThe Invisble Man The Invisible Man In The Invisible Man, H.G. Wells both demonstrates and criticizes man’s tendency to become moral or immoral with the acquirement of power. Like many books of the same era, he uses science as the instrument of retribution for the social crimes that have been committed. Through invisibility, the Invisible Man gains triumph over science and from this, great power; he can steal, kill, and abuse anybody without fear of being caught, as he describes, It’s useful in
The Most Meaningful GiftThe Most Meaningful Gift The theme for The Gift of the Magi is that love is more important than any material item. Della and Jim, the two main characters, demonstrated the theme. This theme also occurs in the real world. The theme in this short story has a deep meaning. One way to interpret the theme is that love will last a lifetime, and material gifts will not. Another interpretation is that people will always remember how much they love someone or how much someone loves them, but they wil
The Right to Bear ArmsThe Right to Bear Arms Article: Bible offers remedy for nation’s reaping what it has sowed, Rev. Jim Williams. Orlando Sentinel Tribune, Section: Osceola Sentinel, page 5; August 24, 1996 Researching the issue of the right to bear arms was somewhat difficult at first because I really did not know what to focus on. I did find this article, though, and it really interested me because of the different perspective it took on the issue. The article starts off with a quote from the Bible, so the rea
The Subtle Humor of Jane AustenThe Subtle Humor of Jane Austen The Subtle Humor of Pride and Prejudice Of all the novels that Jane Austen has written, critics consider Pride and Prejudice to be the most comical. Humor can be found everywhere in the book; in it\'s character descriptions, imagery, but mostly in it\'s conversations between characters. Her novels were not only her way of entertaining people but it was also a way to express her opinions and views on what surrounded her and affected her. Her novels were like editor
The Test of Gawain's ChivalryThe Test of Gawain\'s Chivalry Loyalty, courage, honor, purity, and courtesy are all attributes of a knight that displays chivalry. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is truly a story of the test of these attributes. In order to have a true test of these attributes, there must first be a knight worthy of being tested, meaning that the knight must possess chivalric attributes to begin with. Sir Gawain is self admittedly not the best knight around. He says I am the weakest, well I know, and of wit f
The Black MarketThe Black Market The Black Market is defined as people who engage in illicit trade. Smuggling of Nuclear weapons plays a role in this. The Russians, U.S., and other countries are involved. Russia has been one the move since the Cold War ended. The Russians position threat to many lives with nuclear sales. Many Russian affiliations and events are to blame including Russian Mafia, military intelligence, Trading Air, collapse in economy, and disgruntled Nuclear employees. Russian Crime organization
The Dark Side Of HawthorneThe Dark Side Of Hawthorne #65279; The Dark Side of Hawthorne In The House of the Seven Gables, Nathaniel Hawthorne exhibits the fate of a family due to a curse by analyzing the most “disagreeable” secrets of a man’s soul (Great Lives 1077). Hawthorne shows the decay of an aristocratic family due to the sins of the past. He uses allegory within his character’s personalities and emotions to expose “the truth of the human heart” (biography). Hawthorne’s chosen location for this novel reflects grea
The Late Bronze AgeThe Late Bronze Age Trade and Phoenician Development in the Late Bronze Age Little is known about the Phoenician way of life other than the fact that they were a society founded on trade with other, larger nations. These people made use of their natural resources to establish trade with such nations as Egypt and Assyria. The geographical locations of the Phoenician city-states were also advantageous to their role as a trading state. Located on the east coast of the Mediterranean, where Israel li
Drugs: A Major Problem In Canadian SocietyDrugs: A Major Problem In Canadian Society A major problem that exists within Canadian society is the abuse of mind- altering substances. Such narcotics cause not only health problems, but also violent and potentially criminal acts. A mind-altering narcotic can be defined as both the legal and illegal type. The four main categories of drugs are: narcotics, CNS depressants, CNS stimulants, and hallucinogens. Most of these drugs are highly addictive and are usually obtained by prescription or are
Thought's of MarraigeThought\'s of Marraige Thoughts of Marriage It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife. Jane Austen provides subsequent argument with the first line of her novel, Pride and Prejudice. A statement that remains true to this very day. Austen’s’ first statement sets up the beginning of the novel. She states that a man, financially well off, but with no mate to accompany him to share in his wealth, is undoubtedly in search of a
Drugs in the Music IndustryDrugs in the Music Industry The Music World-glamorous, fast paced, and a world most of us will never be part of. But if we knew what it entailed, would we still want to be? The whole world seems to be building itself around drugs more and more every day, and music industry isn\'t immune. In fact, music is one of the most influential art forms of today\'s society, and drugs, especially to today\'s youth, just add to the attractiveness of it all. In the last two or three years, drugs, especially h
To Take Or Not To TakeTo Take Or Not To Take To toke or not to toke that is the question. Whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of society or succumb to popular opinion and legalize Marijuana. Marijuana is a cure for anorexia as well as glaucoma. Marijuana is even a helping factor for relieving some symptoms of A.I.D.S. Still the government of our nation has Marijuana classified as a Division I drug. Which means it serves no medical use and does in no way benefit society. The studies outdated
Triumph over tragedytriumph over tragedy Andrew Cappello English 181-11P Mrs. Mcpherson November 12, 1996 Triumph over tragedy When we think of a tragedy, instantaneously the classic Shakespearean tragedy Romeo and Juliet springs into our mind. Thoughts of lost love and torments abound. The most human of emotions, sorrow, overwhelms us. We shudder, a chill creeps up our spine. We agonize over the tragedy, and the tragic figure. We lose sight of reality, and stumble headlong into the story. Enthralled by the suspens
Truth and Consequences- Taking Advantage of the LoTruth and Consequences- Taking Advantage of the Loser Truth and Consequences: Taking Advantage of the Loser ßill Koneski January 4, 1997 Western Civilizations Although the costs and strain that World War I placed on the countries involved in it were unimaginable, the peace treaty Germany was forced to sign was neither fair nor just. Millions upon millions of men lost their lives or were wounded and women and children suffered from not having and positive male influence and being forced into manu
Twain's Pessimism in Huckleberry FinnTwain\'s Pessimism in Huckleberry Finn In Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain simply wrote about a boy and the river. In doings so Twain presents the reader with his personal view of mankind, whether he wants to or not: Persons attempting to find a motive in this narrative will be prosecuted; persons attempting to find a moral in it will be banished; persons attempting to find a plot will be shot. (2) Possibly by giving us this warning Twain admits to the existence of a clear motive, morality, and a st
What is PovertyWhat is Poverty Steve Ross Expository Writing Dr. Nancy Nester Final 10/25/96 Elements of the Argument: What is Poverty? What do you consider poverty to be? Do you have a definitive explanation of it or do you consider it an abstract circumstance? In the article What is Poverty?, Jo Goodwin Parker gives her ideas on what poverty is. First given as a speech, this article is written as an attack on human emotion. Her use of connotative language creates many harsh images of her experiences in a
Why i think that Mark Twain is the greatest authouwhy i think that Mark Twain is the greatest authour of his ti In the book Huck Finn, Mark Twain not only writes about the adventures of a young boy, he depicts the struggle that people had to go through in that time period. That is just one of the reasons why some people consider Mark Twain to be the greatest American author of all time. As I was reading the book Huck Finn I started to agree more with what Mencken had to say Put him beside Emerson, or Whitman, or Hawthorne, or even Poe; he was
Women's Images in Managment of Grief and A Pair ofWomen\'s Images in Managment of Grief and A Pair of Tickets Both Management of Grief and A Pair of Tickets were written by women and about women. Authors were able to portray an image of women which differs from the traditional, stereotypical literary image of feeble and delicate creatures who needed to be cared for. Women in these stories were faced with horrible tragedies, but the determining element in their experience was not so much what happened to them but how they took it. After reading
Adam SmithAdam Smith Adam Smith, a brilliant eighteenth-century Scottish political economist, had the advantage of judging the significance ol colonies by a rigorous examination based on the colonial experience of 300 years. His overview has a built-in bias: he strongly disapproved of excessive regulation of colonial trade by parent countries. But his analysis is rich with insight and remarkably dispassionate in its argument. Adam Smith recognized that the discovery of the New World not only brought wealt
The Essence of EmpowermentThe Essence of Empowerment Empowerment is certainly not a new idea within the business arena. In fact, its concept has been around since the 1960\'s when American car manufactures suddenly realized that they were losing their butts to the Japanese producers. An extensive and extremely well-funded investigation for answers to the recurrent question, how do I get more out of my employees while simultaneously lowering my costs, did produce some implementable and constructive results. The topic I ha
Money LaunderingMoney Laundering The word money laundering, according to the myth, is derived from Al Capone\'s practice of using a string of coin-operated launderettes in Chicago to disguise his revenues from gambling, prostitution and protection rackets. It\'s a nice story but not true, money laundering is so called because it perfectly describes the process of removing the stains and smells which money acquires when criminals earn it. In this report I will go on to discuss the topic of money laundering in th