This essay POPULATION REDISTRIBUTION has a total of 2031 words and 8 pages.
Population redistributions based on ethnicity have defused intense rivalries in the recent past, and could be a solution to the internal ethnic crises for nations such as the former Yugoslavia. Currently described by the media as "ethnic cleansing", Population redistributions have been the focus of much controversy throughout U.S. and world history. To those affected, Population redistributions can be economically and emotionally devastating. It can also lead to enormous tragedies causing thousands of deaths when conducted in a brutal manner. The results of various population redistributions are examined throughout this paper with the focus on the Japanese Internment camps in the U.S. and the current crises in the former Yugoslavia.
There are examples of population transfers that have taken place in the twentieth century. In 1923, Greece and Turkey signed the Treaty of Lausanne. The two rival nations agreed to expel 150,000 Greeks living in Turkey, and 388,000 Turks living in Greece back to their ethnic homelands. Except in Cyprus where the populations remained mixed. Turkey and Greece have not taken up arms against each other again. After World War II eight million people of German ethnicity were expelled from their native communities in Poland and throughout Eastern Europe, due to agreements made by the Allies at the Potsdam Conference. Hundreds of thousands of Germans died or were killed during the transfer due to the brutal manner in which it was carried out. Due to the lack of diversity and conflicting cultures the long-term results of the population transfer have ended internal ethnic problems in Poland since then. Israel expelled their own settlers from occupied land (which is currently the new Palestinian nation) in order to bring about a lasting peace between the two former rivals. After bombing Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941, 120,000 Japanese and Japanese-Americans living in Oregon, Washington, California, and Arizona were relocated. They were forced from their homes and put in internment camps for their protection from the rage of the American people and for the sake of national security.
Japanese-American internment camps like all issues involving race or war, raises the question of whether or not it was legal and ethical to force Japanese-Americans to move homes and livelihoods in early WWII. It is a difficult and controversial problem. When the decision to relocate thousands of Japanese-Americans was made; the actions were considered to be constitutionally legal and seen by many as necessary. It has been argued as to whether or not it was necessary to put so many innocent people through frustration, suffering, and loss of not only their property but also their freedom.
Even before the onset of war, due to the differences in their language, culture, communities, customs, and religion, the Japanese living in America were already alienated from much of society. This made it easier for Americans to justify to themselves the need for a temporary population redistribution of the Japanese-Americans. When the bombing of Pearl Harbor occurred, the American people were afraid of a Japanese attack and of the Japanese living near them on the West Coast. People believed their Japanese-American neighbors were the enemy. Americans were so enraged at Japan that they turned their anger towards Japanese-Americans in the forms of protests, discrimination and violent hatred. The Government, including President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, were pressured by the restlessness of the people, the threat of a Japanese attack, the threat of violence between Americans and Japanese-Americans and the lack of time to take action.
Lieutenant General John L. DeWitt was chosen for the job of defending and protecting the West Coast. He became one of the biggest supporters of relocating the Japanese. The FBI began investigating and arresting people along the coast who were suspected of spying for enemy countries. Japanese-Americans were not the only people suspected of spying. Italians and Germans were also investigated and imprisoned. DeWitt received reports of acts of disloyalty to the U.S. and sabotage on the part of Japanese-Americans. He was also inundated with reports of unusual radio activity involving contact with Japanese vessels, of farmers burning their fields in the shapes of markers to aid Japanese pilots, and of fisherman monitoring and relaying to Japan the activity of the U.S. navy. None of these reports were substantiated, however they were
Topics Related to POPULATION REDISTRIBUTION
Japanese American internment, Internment of Japanese Americans, John L. DeWitt, Executive Order, Population transfer, Japanese-American life before World War II, War Relocation Authority
Essays Related to POPULATION REDISTRIBUTION
Snow Falling On CedarsSnow Falling On Cedars Racism is the notion that one’s own ethnic stock is superior to that of someone else’s. Most all racism is as result of ignorance. Racism can range from a simple comment to make another human being feel inferior, to complex actions that make others feel unwelcome in society because of who they are. The theme of racism can be seen throughout literature. In the murder mystery novel, Snow Falling on Cedars, by David Guterson, many examples of wartime racism are evident. The n
The need for an anglo american lifestylethe need for an anglo american lifestyle P.J. King Patty Wangler English III November 11, 1996 The Need for an Anglo American Lifestyle While many cultures have successfully assimilated into Anglo-American society, there are other cultures whom have found assimilation either impossible or ho have chosen not to fully assimilate, yet retain their own culture, while reaping the benefits of the American lifestyle. America is perceived as the great melting pot; the land of endless opportunity. Fixed
Issue In Institutional RacismIssue In Institutional Racism The history of the United States is one of duality. In the words of the Declaration of Independence, our nation was founded on the principles of equality in life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Yet, long before the founders of the newly declared state met in Philadelphia to espouse the virtues of self-determination and freedom that would dubiously provide a basis for a secessionary war, those same virtues were trampled upon and swept away with little regard.
POPULATION REDISTRIBUTIONPOPULATION REDISTRIBUTION Population redistributions based on ethnicity have defused intense rivalries in the recent past, and could be a solution to the internal ethnic crises for nations such as the former Yugoslavia. Currently described by the media as ethnic cleansing , Population redistributions have been the focus of much controversy throughout U.S. and world history. To those affected, Population redistributions can be economically and emotionally devastating. It can also lead to enormous
Racism in CanadaRacism in Canada Racism in Canada The common belief that Canada is far less racist then their neighbors to the south is perhaps one of the greatest falsehoods of North American society today. Through out history, Canada has been home to many race-based atrocities. Because of time and lack of media attention these events have been buried. To such an extent have these issues been neglected that the general public now cannot recognized them or discern them as part of their country’s past. Although
Social Changes In The US Durring WW2Social Changes In The US Durring WW2 Social Change in the United States During World War II As the possibility of a second World War arose people began to form opinions on the United States’ role in Europe. The general population disagreed on whether or not to get involved in the conflict with Germany. Some people believed in interventionism, the theory that the United States should do everything it could to support Britain without declaring war on Germany. Along with William Allen White they fo
Farewell To ManzanarFarewell To Manzanar In the true story Farewell to Manzanar we learn of a young girl\'s life as she grows up during World War II in a Japaneseinternment camp. Along with her family and ten thousand other Japanese we see how, as a child, these conditions forced to shape and mold her life. This book does not directly place blame or hatred onto those persons or conditions which had forced her to endure hardship, but rather shows us through her eyes how these experiences have held value she has b
Correctly Political: A Look into the Dynamics of PCorrectly Political: A Look into the Dynamics of Political Correctness Every American probably knows what it means to be politically correct. After all, we hear about it on the news almost every night. We have to be constantly aware of whether or not something we say or do is going to offend someone. This mode of communication is present in every aspect of our lives, from the most formal to the most informal situations. This paper will answer questions on the origin of the term ‘politically corr
Racism: Issue In Institutional RacismRacism: Issue In Institutional Racism The history of the United States is one of duality. In the words of the Declaration of Independence, our nation was founded on the principles of equality in life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Yet, long before the founders of the newly declared state met in Philadelphia to espouse the virtues of self-determination and freedom that would dubiously provide a basis for a secessionary war, those same virtues were trampled upon and swept away with little
BAYARD RUSTIN THE UNKNOWN LEADER BAYARD RUSTIN THE UNKNOWN LEADER Ì Ethnic Groups and Other Minorities SOC-304 12/13/2004 ABSTRACT A master strategist and tireless activist, Bayard Rustin should be best remembered as the one of the main organizers’ of the 1963 March on Washington one of the largest nonviolent protests ever held in the United States. He brought Gandhi’s protest techniques to the American civil rights movement, and helped mold Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. into an international symbol of peace and nonviolence. Des
Final History ExamFinal History Exam 1.List the reasons the US got involved in World War I: The Germans ignored Wilsons calls for peace, resumed unrestricted submarine warfare, announcing that their U-boats would sink all ships in British waters - hostile or neutral - on sight. Then the German foreign minister sent a telegram, nicknamed the Zimmermann note to the German ambassador in Mexico. This telegram proposed an alliance between Mexico Germany promised that if the war with the US broke out, Germany would sup
The Japanese InternmentThe JapaneseInternment During World War II, Canada was at war with Germany and Italy. Canada was fighting to protect the lifestyle that its citizens had become accustomed to. The soldiers in WW II gave their lives for the good of their great nation. Canada was also facing a major threat in the Pacific. The threat was the powerful nation of Japan. To that point in time Japan was the strongest military force that the world had ever seen. The Japanese government was strongly influenced by military
Farewell to ManzanarFarewell to Manzanar 8/21/01 Farewell to Manzanar Notes Chapter 1: What is Pearl Harbor? o The first weekend in December in 1941, Jeanne is watching her father\'s sardine ships head out to sea. o She and the other women of the community notice the boats returning. The Japanese have bombed Pearl Harbor. Jeanne does not know what this meant at the time, but her father is taken away from her on the grounds that he might be delivering goods and secrets to the Japanese. o Jeanne\'s mother moves her r
Farewell to Manzanar Farewell to Manzanar By Jeanne Wakatasuki The story is about Jeanne Watatsuki and her family, which are her mother, father and nine siblings. Her parents are first generation Japanese immigrants, called Issei. The children are called Nisei because they are all natural born citizens and second generation Japanese. The story begins on a weekend in December 1941, where the Wakatsuki women stand waving good-bye to their husbands, whom are fishermen heading out to sea. All of a sudden, the men retur
The Affect of RacismThe Affect of Racism In a community of five thousand dam souls (Page 5 Parg ?) as described by David Guterson in his novel, Snow Falling on Cedars. A community that concentrated a variety of ethnicity, among them was both Whites and Japanese. As a result of the racial differences, racism came to exist and have impacted the life’s of both children and adults in that isolated island called San Piedro. It was responsible for the internment of Kabuo, Hatsue, and their families, the breakup of Hatsue
RacismRacism Andy Karlen 12/14/98 English 101 Dr. Emery Racism is the notion that one’s own ethnic stock is superior to that of someone else’s. Most all racism is as result of ignorance. Racism can range from a simple comment to make another human being feel inferior, to complex actions that make others feel unwelcome in society because of who they are. The theme of racism can be seen throughout literature. In the murder mystery novel, Snow Falling on Cedars, by David Guterson, many examples of wartim
Concentration CampsConcentration Camps Camp, when you hear the word you think of hot dogs, mashmellows, fires, and tents. Unfortunately during WWII the word camp triggered two words, internment, and concentration. Japanese Americans were placed in internment camps. Those who were deemed not superior by the Nazis were placed in concentration camps. Does this mean America was on the same level of Germany? Did the imprisoners even stop to think what the effects of their actions would be? The reason of imprisonment
What Happened in World War II?What Happened in World War II? The war didn\'t just start one day. Many events led up to this vivid memory. The whole thing is based on propaganda and beliefs of a man named Aldof Hitler. In January 1933 he became chancellor of Germany. As soon as he was in office he put laws on the Jews community. Germany became obsessed with power and soon they are invading Poland, Britain, Norway, Holland, Denmark, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France. War was on. The war was a war on the world. Throughout Europe
Strength of MindStrength of Mind Kali Shells Imagine that one day you\'re going about your daily routine, when suddenly your life is tipped upside down, your family is separated and you are removed from your home a sent to an unfamiliar place. Sounds like a bad dream, right? Now, fathom that this was the tragic reality for many if not all JapaneseAmerican families during World War II. Farewell to Manzanar, by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston is a novel that captures the true story of the struggl
Critique of Snow Falling on CedarsCritique of Snow Falling on Cedars Snow Falling on Cedars, by David Guterson, is a truthful tale about a post World War II trial in which a Japanese-American fisherman, the first American citizen in his lineage, is accused of killing a well known American fisherman. The accused is Kabuo Miyomoto; dead is Carl Heine Jr. The book takes place in the small town of San Piedro, one of the scenic San Juan Islands in the early 1950s. The relationship of the two men is deeper than being fellow fisherman.
Japanese AmericansJapanese Americans Introduction During W.W.II over 110,000 Japanese Americans living both in the United States and abroad were uprooted, without due process, and placed in detention camps, or internment camps. These Japanese Americans lost their homes and their business. They were only allowed to take what they could carry and forced into the most inhospitable areas our country had to offer. Our most hallowed judicial court, the US. Supreme Court, stated, in three different cases, that this susp
Japan Internment CampJapan Internment Camp On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked the United States Naval facility at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. 19 ships were sunk, 2,335 servicemen lost their lives, and, afterwards, the United States declared war on Japan, and her allies Germany and Italy. However, another great loss occurred on United States soil--the imprisonment of 120,000 people, 2/3 of whom were United States citizens. The JapaneseInternment, the name of this mistake, was illegal, unconstitutional, and an ac
RacismRacism Racism is an evil that can destroy socitiy. America is a nation of immigrants and, as such it¹s a diverse society where racism and prejudice have no place. Everyone came here from somewhere. Our country is based on the phrase, ³All men are created equal.² We are a diverse nation where racism and prejudice are unwarranted. Racism hurts people. Racism has been present in our world for more than 3,000 years. Take African-Americans, before the Million Man March, Martin Luther King and the civ
Many things made the Japanese-American interns and Many things made the Japanese-American interns and American POWS invisible thanks to the horrible ignorance towards them during times of war. Although many civilians went through this, two main people told their tale publically of the terrifying cruelty of internment camps. The two that are known are Louie Zamperinni, an Olympic runner who went MIA, and Mine Okubo, a little girl that went through relocation and many internment camps. There were many efforts during World War II to make American
The article the Sound of Struggle: Black Revolut The article the Sound of Struggle: Black Revolutionary Nationalism and Asian American Jazz by Loren Kajikawa starts off with lyrics from a power song called Are you Chinese or Charlie Chin by an American jazz pianist, who was also an activist in relationship to the Asian American Movement and other progressive political movements in the 1980s, Jon Jang. This song talks about a fictional Chinese American detective named Charlie Chin who was the lead character in over forty films during the