Policies In Atlantic Canada

From the period of early contact from 1534-1736 it was
concluded that Indian religion was useless and therefor did
not pose an impediment in the process of converting
Indians to Christianity. The process of conversion included
a period of persuasion and instruction followed by baptism.
The French missions were successful in areas where there
was permanent Aboriginal settlement. These efforts
influenced all areas of social policy especially the belief that
all Aboriginals should be converted to Christianity. The
period of the Royal Proclamation from 1783-1839 was a
result of British Military policy that recognized the
importance of First Nation allies in the victory over France.
In 1755 during the initial stages of the war, the British
developed an Indian department with a complete
suerintendent of Indian Affairs. This was not successful in
preventing colonists from appropriating First Nation land.
When Britain was successful in the war with France,
France ceded most of itís North American territory and the
First Nations were not satisfied being under British rule.
This led to Pontiacs rebellion where several British forts
were captured. The Royal Proclamation was essentially
drafted on the advice of the colony concerning measures to
reconcile with First Nations. It was the first constitution
under British rule that recognized that the territory outside
of the colonial boundaries was reserved as hunting grounds
for First Nations. The Royal Proclamation was the legal
base for British-Indian policy. The transition of the Royal
Proclamation into Canadian social policy occurred when
colonial correspondents indicated that First Nations were
not longer military allies. Colonial policies were changed by
an administration aimed at civilizing First Nations way of
life. Of particular importance was the schooling of First
Nation children. Gifts that were originally used to
compensate for land surrendered to the British were now
conditional on the basis of whether or not First Nation
parents sent their kids to school. Those parents who did
not abide by this rule were subject to criminal charges. The
period of assimilation occurred between 1867 and 1950.
By confederation all the basic features of the Indian policy
were in place. Many of the statutes were unorganized so
they were consolidated into the Indian act. Many
oppressive provisions developed from this including the
banning of religious ceremonies and an imposed Pass
system for those granted permission to leave the reserve.
The establishment of schools, tax exemption,
enfranchisement, and control of alcohol extended from the
Indian Act.

Category: History