Persia and India

2. Some of the civilizations we have studied developed in relative isolation (e.g. Egypt, the Bantu culture) but most are clearly developed by the interaction and migration of different peoples as they come together to form new societies. Considering the examples of Persia and India, how were those cultures formed and what specific techniques did they employ to create a relatively unified society out of diverse peoples.

PERSIA- 248-49, 175-9,

INDIA-214,221, 251,253, 179-84,166-75
India ayrans-89, 96-102, Harappan society ,90-95. Indoeuropean migrations, 58, Paleolithic and Neolithic eras-90, Persian empires-168, Coroanstrianism, 183

176,166(Persia),219,220,221,223,,235, chapters 7 and 9

The Unification between India a Persia began around 520 B.C.E. The establishment of the Achaemenid empire in India introduced loacal rulers to Persian techniques of administration…… When looking at Persia’s techniques to have a society that works well, India had the same charectoristics. The interactions and migration of Persia and India formed a society that worked very well with so many diverse people. The two cultures used very good techniques to keep such a excellent alliance.


Persian society began to take shape during the sixth century when warriors conquered the region from the Indus River to Egypt and southeastern Europe. The Persians were very interested in communications skills along with military mobility. This is where they invested in constructing in roads and highways. The organization of the vast territories embraced by the classical Persian empires had important social, economic, and cultural implications. There were high agricuture activity that enabled many peopole to work at tasks orther than cultivation. There were beurocrates, administrators, priests, craftsmen, and merchants. These jobs were all needed because of production and distribution of food. Good roads fostered trade, and the Persian society served as a commercial and cultural bridge between Indian societies. Persia also exchanged their philosophical and religious ideas.

The Persian Empires developed during the 6th century when rulers of the province of Persia in southwestern Iran embarked on a series of conquests that resulted in the formation of an enormous empire. There were four ruling dynasties: the achaemenids, Seleucids, Parthans, and sasanids. The reason why Achaemenid Persians managed to unify such a diverse empire was because of their communication skills. They organized themselves by clans rather than staes or formal political institutions, but they didn’t forget the leaders that collected taxes and other controllers. Achaemenid supervised many different ethnic groups. They found ways to communicate work with all 70 different groups. This was one of the ways they managed to rule such a huge multicultural state. The government has a soft government. They understood what had to be done, with out extreme control. It worked the well. That is why they made themselves “heirs” to the Achamemenid Kings.

Since there were so many diverse people in Persia and India, communication was the most important. Persia and India offered many different religions and ways of working. They also had a lot of trading amongst each other.(ex..)


India in the centuries after 500 BCE developed a classical society whose influence has persisted over the centuries. They were known to have a well-defined social structure. This left people with few doubts about their postion and role in society. They also have several popular religious traditions that helped to shape Indian beliefs and values.Buddhism and Hinduism were two religions that appealed strongly to people from all around. India had regional kingdoms rather than centralized empires. Imperial regimes were crucial for the consolidation of Indian cultural traditions, however, because they sponsored cultural leaders and promoted their ideals throughout the subcontinent and beyond. The spread of Buddhism helped the faith secure its positions in India and attract converts in other lands. Thus even in the absence of a strong and continuing imperial tradition like that of Persia or China, the social and cultural traditions of classical India not only shaped the lives and experiences of the subcontinent’s inhabitants but also influenced peoples in the distant lands.


Religions- Janism, rituals and sacrifices(Brahmins) Budhhism, Hinduism

The culture of the family life and the caste stystem shaped Indians a lot… women were largely subordinate to men.Women were known as week-willed who devoted themselves to their husbands.

Caste system-huge… showed people the different classes of people(priests, warriors and aristorcrats, peasants and merchants, and serfs. make use of

Essay 2

The cultures that produced in the Nile River Valley had