paradise lost

The words I chose to concentrate the most on in Milton’s Paradise Lost is
omnipotence and omniscient. We come across these words several times in the
course of the story and it is always referring to God which is understanding
since he is all-powerful, all-knowing. We first hear it from the narrator of the
story in book one, “Who durst defy the omnipotent to arms(line 49).” when he
is referring to the fall of Satan. We hear the word again from Beelzebub, “Leader
of those armies bright, which but none the omnipotent could have foiled (line
273).” when he answered to Satan about warring against God. We hear it
mentioned again from Belial in book two who suggests that they exhaust God’s
rage by dealing with what has happened to them peacefully. “Thus trampled,
thus expelled to suffer here chains and these torments? Better these than worse.
By my advice; since fate inevitable subdues us, and omnipotent decree, the
victor’s will (line 198).” I want to concentrate on these words because of
how many times they are used in place of the word God or said right afterwards
as the narrator does in book ten, “Meanwhile the heinous and despiteful act of
Satan done in Paradise, and how he perverted Eve, her husband she, to taste the
fatal fruit, was known in heaven; for what can escape the eye of God all-seeing,
or deceive his heart omniscient, who in all things wise and just,…(lines1-7).”
and how that relates to the story of Paradise Lost .

The first book I want to write of is book number three. Here we have God
sitting on his throne speaking to his son. God knows what Satan is up to, he can
see him trying to find out more about the world that is between heaven and
Pandemonium. He then goes into a speech about how he is aware of everything that
will happen between Satan and the fall of man. He then says that he will not be
responsible for the fall in that he created man free to choose and that Satan
will be the one to tempt them into choosing something sinful. I am puzzled by
this speech by Milton for God as I have been puzzled by the Christian religion
itself for years. I can understand that God is upset that Eve will eat from The
Tree of Knowledge and thus pervert Adam in that he made them free and that
foreknowledge could not stop them. What I do not understand is why he must
punish man and put the blame on Satan alone. If God knew that Satan would
penetrate Paradise and pervert Eve why did he make them free to choose? Why
bother putting guardian angels at the gates of Paradise to keep out Satan when
he knows that Satan will prevail? Lucky for Adam and Eve that God has mercy. “The
first sort by their own suggestion fell, self-tempted, self depraved: man falls
deceived by the other first: man therefore shall find grace, the other none: in
mercy and justice both, through heaven and earth, so shall my glory excel, but
mercy first and last shall brightest shine (lines 129-134).”

The latter quote leads me into books two and six. In book two we have Satan
discussing with the other fallen angels about what they will do now that they
have fallen. Some suggest war, others such as Belial suggest compliance and yet
others ponder the idea of finding out about this new world that is rumored to
have been created. Although Satan does succeed in perverting mankind why doo he
and other angels think it wise to war against God, all-knowing, all-powerful?
They know he is omnipotent in that Belial points it out to them. So why even
think war when God will know you are doing so and has the power to defeat you?
Then once they go to war they are astonished although not completely hopeless
that they were defeated on the first day. Before the defeat Abdiel tells Satan
the same thing that Belial basically said in book one. “Thy hope was to have
reached the height of thy aspiring unopposed, the throne of God unguarded, and
his side abandoned at the terror of they power or potent tongue; fool, not to
think how vain against the omnipotent to rise in arms…(lines 131-135).”
Notice how Abdiel uses potent to describe Satan’s tongue. Potent meaning
powerful physically but not all-powerful. Then Satan and his comrades try yet
again to defeat the army of angels only to have the glory go