This essay Parable of the Sadhu: Analysis from three general has a total of 838 words and 4 pages.
Parable of the Sadhu: Analysis from three general approaches.
The "Parable of the Sadhu" presents a complex situation which action immediate action was necessary. Sadhu, an Indian holy man, was discovered naked and barely alive by a group of multicultural mountaineers during their journey. Each ethnic group did a little to help the Sadhu, but none assumed full responsibility. Their priority was in climbing the mountain rather than carrying Sadhu to the village where other people could help him. Although the conditions of the trip were so that once the mountaineers went down to the village they might not have been able to come back up, the author of this essay still feels guilty for what was not done for the Sadhu (Donaldson 280). There are three general approaches in examining a moral issue and making a decision, those being consequentialism, deontology and virtue ethics. The essay does not clearly indicate which method was used to assess the situation. In my opinion, the best method would be Kantian deontology.
Let us discuss consequentialism first. Consequentialism focuses on consequences as the most important factor in the decision making process (Donaldson 3). For consequentialists the motives of an act are not as important as what comes out of it. Utilitarianism is one of the branches of consequentialism. Utilitarianism believes in the greatest good for the number (Donaldson 3). This method along with egoist consequentialism was probably the one that was used subconsciously by the mountaineers. Leaving the Sadhu was fine because in the end the greater amount of people would have reached their goal and that would have made them happy. Egoist consequentialists who believe that the greatest good is their own would have done the same, satisfying their desires before helping someone else (Donaldson 4). This method, however, is not the best for this situation. One proving factor is that McCoy still feels guilty about this incident. Therefore, this method did not produce the most ethical response.
Virtue ethics, unlike consequentialism, focus on the kind of person each one of us should be. They focus on cultivating certain characteristics and look at every situation in terms of its potential influence on the morale of the person (Donaldson 10). This method, although much more helpful than utilitarianism, still produces an unclear response. On one hand, kindness and compassion are both virtues that would be cultivated if the mountaineers decided to help the Sadhu and carry him to the village. On the other hand, if mountaineers continue their journey virtues such as courage and determination would flourish. It is difficult to decide which virtues are more important than others and therefore, this method is too ambiguous to be applied to this situation.
Finally, there is deontology, also called non-consequentialism. Deontology, in general, focuses on the motives of the act and the concept of "duty"(Camenisch 2). Kantian deontology assesses that there is a Categorical Imperative - the highest moral principle that should govern all human actions. This universal law is stated in two ways:
1) act in a way that one would act with anyone in the same situation, and so that one does not create an undesirable world and 2) interact with people as human beings with rights and dignity rather than means to an end (Camenisch 2). This moral principle would be the most fair and useful in the Sadhu situation. McCoys friend mentions in the essay that the mountaineers would have probably acted differently if the Sadhu were a member of their ethnic group (Donaldson 281). If they used the Kantian deontology method, its first statement would forbid them from treating Sadhu differently than they would treat any other person in this situation. Also, if for a second the mountaineers considered that they would be creating a world in which they would not want their children to live, they would have acted differently. By "creating this world" I mean that they would not want people to act this way to themselves or their descendants. And finally, if they were treating Sadhu as a worthy human being, they would have understood that human life is more valuable than accomplishing a goal. In this case, they would carry the Sadhu to the village and make sure that he is taken care of.
One could assume that I find the Kantian
Topics Related to Parable of the Sadhu: Analysis from three general
Normative ethics, Meta-ethics, Social philosophy, Utilitarianism, Consequentialism, Deontological ethics, Virtue ethics, Ethics, The Sadhu, Sadhu, Categorical imperative, Immanuel Kant
Essays Related to Parable of the Sadhu: Analysis from three general
Mill And Kant's Ethical TheoriesMill And Kant\'s Ethical Theories Get Essays - Essay Search - Submit Essays - Request Essays - Essay Links - FAQ Compare Mill and Kant\'s ethical theories; which makes a better societal order? John Stuart Mill (1808-73) believed in an ethical theory known as utilitarianism. There are many formulation of this theory. One such is, Everyone should act in such a way to bring the largest possibly balance of good over evil for everyone involved. However, good is a relative term. What is good? Utilitar
On The Need For Normative Ethics: A Study Of SubjeOn The Need For NormativeEthics: A Study Of Subjectivist Thought On the Need for NormativeEthics: A study of Subjectivist thought Foremost is a brief description of Subjectivism, particularly Emotivism. Subjectivist thought rests on the idea that morality is a function of one\'s individual emotions, and that is all. The strength of Emotivism over other avenues of Subjectivism lies in its awareness of the other purposes of language. Rather than statements designed to convey information, Emotivi
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Development: YounErikson\'s Psychosocial Theory of Development: Young Adults The young adult has numerous stresses placed upon them through the route of development. Erikson has theorised developmental stages of growth into tasks. Of Eriksons\' theoretical tasks, one task describes the theory of intimacy versus isolation. This task theory can be examined using the normative crisis model. The knowledge of developmental tasks of the young adult can be beneficial to the nurse especially associated with their abilit
Should Children Be Allowed To Testify In Court?Should Children Be Allowed To Testify In Court? Over the past ten years, more research has been done involving children\'s testimony than that of all the prior decades combined. Ceci & Bruck (93) have cited four reasons for this : - The opinion of psychology experts is increasingly being accepted by courts as testimony, - Social research is more commonly being applied to the issues of children\'s rights, - More research into adult suggestibility in accordance with reason naturally leads to more
Gender Trouble: Feminism and The Subversion of IdeGender Trouble: Feminism and The Subversion of Identity A Review/Commentary of GenderTrouble: Feminism and The Subversion of Identity, By Judith Butler Gender, Homosexuality and Ethics Feb. 9/00 Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990. Judith Butler exhibits the new wave of Anglo-American academic feminism, a feminism that goes beyond the delusional categories of male and female, and wishes to confuse or trouble these categories all to
The Metaethics of The Metaethics of Ayn Rand and Objectivism Foundations of Ethics January 2001 Table of Contents o Introduction .. p. 3-5 Early Ayn Rand p. 5-6 Literary Period . . p. 7-8 Philosophical Period p. 8-9 o Metaethics p.9-10 Existence as Primary .. .... p. 10-11 Animate vs. Inanimate Objects .. p. 11-13 Life and Value . . p. 13-14 Fact and Value: The Randian Synthesis ... p. 15-17 The Rationa
Ethical RelativismEthical Relativism Standards of right and wrong are the mere products of time and culture. Morality is a neutral concept - there is no such thing as an absolute right or wrong. Instead, morality is defined by what is \'good\' or \'bad\' in a given society, by the social norms. What held true twenty thousand, two thousand or even two hundred years ago may or may not hold true now. The human race has grown and continues to expand; our technology, culture, customs, and laws constantly change and ev
Aristotle and WomenAristotle and Women 12/5/03 Aristotle accepted the doctrine that a difference in role or pursuit be tied to a relevant difference in nature and at the same time to reassert the claim of Gorgias that the virtues of women are different from those of free men because their activities are different. (Barnes, p. 135) Thus Aristotle creates a political and psychological reason for explaining the differences between men and women. In comparison with mans bodily condition the bodily condition of women
Mill and Kant's Ethical TheoriesMill and Kant\'s Ethical Theories Compare Mill and Kant\'s ethical theories; which makes a better societal order? John Stuart Mill (1808-73) believed in an ethical theory known as utilitarianism. There are many formulation of this theory. One such is, Everyone should act in such a way to bring the largest possibly balance of good over evil for everyone involved. However, good is a relative term. What is good? Utilitarians disagreed on this subject. Mill made a distinction between happiness and