This essay Orwell's thoughts on Totalitarianism has a total of 2776 words and 17 pages.
Orwell\'s thoughts on Totalitarianism
V Orwell\'s thoughts on Totalitarianism
A. From life experiences
B. From a writers point of view
"Orwell observed that every line of serious work that I have
written since 1936 has been written directly or indirectly,
against totalitarianism and for democratic socialism, as I
understand it" ("George Orwell"). George Orwell has been a
major contributor to anticommunist literature around the World
War II period. Orwell lived in England during World War II, a
time when the totalitarianism state, Nazi Germany, was at war
with England and destroyed the city of London. " I know that
building\' said Winston finally. Its a ruin now. It\'s in the
middle of the street outside the Palace of Justice.\' That\'s
right. Outside the Law Courts. It was bombed in-oh many years
ago\'" (Orwell 83). This reflects Orwell\'s own life experiences
as a citizen in war torn England and how he uses this in 1984.
George Orwell is famous for two major novels which attack
totalitarianism. The first is Animal Farm a satire describing
the leaders of the Soviet Union as animals on an animal farm. The second novel is 1984 a story of dictators who are in complete
control of a large part of the world after the Allies lost in
World War II . The government in this novel gives no freedoms to
its citizens. They live in fear because they are afraid of
having bad thoughts about the government of Oceania, a crime
punishable by death. This is the gem in Orwell\'s collection of
novels against totalitarianism. This paper will show how George
Orwell wrote 1984 as a political statement against
1984 is about life in a world where no personal freedoms
exist. Winston the main character, is a man of 39 who is not
extraordinary in either intelligence or character, but is
disgusted with the world he lives in. He works in the Ministry
of Truth, a place where history and the truth is rewritten to fit
the party\'s beliefs. Winston is aware of the untruths, because
he makes them true. This makes him very upset with the
government of Oceania, where Big Brother, a larger than life
figure, controls the people.
His dissatisfaction increases to a point where he rebels
against the government in small ways. Winston\'s first act of
rebellion is buying and writing in a diary. This act is known as
a thought crime and is punishable by death. A thought crime is
any bad thought against the government of Oceania. Winston
commits many thought crimes and becomes paranoid about being
caught, which he knows is inevitable (Greenblast 113). He
becomes paranoid because he is followed by a young woman who is
actively involved in many community groups. Winston is obsessed
with the past, a time before Oceania was under strict
dictatorship. He goes into an antique shop and buys a shell
covered in glass which is another crime punishable by death. He
sees the same woman following him. Many thoughts race through
his mind "I wanted to rape you and then murder you afterwards.
Two weeks ago I thought seriously of smashing your head in with a
cobblestone. If you really want to know, I imagined that you
had something to do with the Thought Police" (Orwell 101). The
girl who was following him slipped him a note while at work. The
note said "I love you"(90). They make plans to meet each other
and carry on an illegal love affair. This love affair is another
rebellion against the government. It goes on for some time.
Winston rents a room where he and Julia can be secluded from the
outside world. They meet a man named O\'Brien who indicates that
he is another revolutionary. Winston and Julia go to his house
to meet with him. O\'Brien gives than a seditious book to read.
Soon after that, they are caught by the Thought Police and never
see each other again.
O\'Brien, becomes Winston\'s rehabilitator and torturer for
the next 9 months. O\'Brien tortures Winston in stages. The
first two stages are to force the party\'s beliefs on him then
learn and understand what is expected of him. In the third
stage, Winston is made to face what he secretly fears most, rats
eating his face. After being completely rehabilitated by
O\'Brien, Winston now loves the establishment and the government.
He is set free.
Big Brother is the figurehead of a government that has
total control. The Big Brother regime uses propaganda and puts
fear in its citizens to keep the general population in line.
"Big Brother is watching you"(Orwell 5) is just one example of
Topics Related to Orwell's thoughts on Totalitarianism
Nineteen Eighty-Four, Mass surveillance, Novels by George Orwell, Political novels, Historical revisionism, George Orwell, Julia, Big Brother, Thought Police, OBrien, Winston Smith, Totalitarianism
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