“On the day they were going to kill Santiago Nasar…”
Litera2


A. Historical Context
The book “Chronicle of a Death Foretold” was written by 1982 Nobel Prize Winner for Literature, Gabriel García Márquez, and was translated from Spanish by Gregory Rabassa. Editorial La Oveja Negra Ltda, Bogotá, originally published Chronicle of a Death Foretold in Columbia as Crónica de una muerte anunciada in December 1981. Jonathan Cape Ltd., London, also originally published the book in English in Great Britain in 1982. Ballantine Books, a division of Random House, Inc., published the book in the United States of America, New York, and simultaneously in Canada by Random House of Canada Limited, Toronto. The book was released on February 12, 1984.


The style on how the author did the work gives the readers different views from different people what happened before the Vicario brothers killed Santiago Nasar. The accounts that the narrator gathered from the people involved in the drama have their different views. The people of the town that the narrator talked to gave their own experiences with the killers and with the victim.


The historical details that are relevant to understanding the text is the history of Columbia, the country where the author came from. There are two parties, the Liberals and the Conservatives, form the political framework for much of Gabriel García Márquez’s works. The violence that happened in the history of Columbia became the backdrop to several of García Márquez’s novellas and stories.


Integrating the historical materials helps us readers to understand the story better before making a critique. Through having an insight on the history of the book and the history itself, we are able to relate what happened during the past to what happened in the story. After which, one can already give their comments and reactions to the story.


B. Biographical Context


Gabriel García Márquez’s great love of literature and his cartoons and stories helped him acquire his reputation of a writer. Later, he entered a law school to grant the wish of his parents. Time came when he loses his interest in studying law and instead, he reads poetry. Gabriel García Márquez read a book by Kafka’s entitled “The Metamorphosis.” The book had a profound affect on García Márquez; making him aware that literature did not have to follow a straight narrative and unfold along a traditional plot. With Márquez’s knowledge on journalism and literature, his style of writing of Chronicle of a Death Foretold became a combination of journalism and literature. In the Chronicle of a Death Foretold, Márquez puts himself into a reporter and writes every little piece of information to solve the case of Nasar’s murder.


The work of García Márquez’s “A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings” is a short story that describes the magical realism of an angel falling in someones back yard. The story then becomes about what the family does with the angel as their back yard gets flooded with visitor. Chronicle of a Death Foretold is similar in the way that it captures the magical realism surrounding the murder. "Did they actually kill him after telling so many people?” Chronicles of a Death Foretold is a short novel that will keep you guessing. As you noticed, the ending part of the book still keeps you hanging. Also, as in other Garcia Marquez works, there is also an element of the supernatural: dreams and other mystical signs ominously portend the murder.


The elements of ethnicity, class, and gender are important to consider in relation to Chronicle of a Death Foretold. In this way, through people from a different ethnicity, class, or gender has different views from another ethnicity, class, or gender. Columbia, where the author grew up, was settled mostly by Spanish and Portuguese immigrants, Latin American culture is derived from both its European newcomers and its native inhabitants\' traditions. Marquez blends elements from both cultures in Chronicle of a Death Foretold.


C. Form and Structure


The chronological order is the way on how the work was organized. The events were arranged according to the people whom the killers and the victim met before the incident. In using this way, this gives the story a flow and organization.


The tension was built when the readers do not know yet if they will