Ocean Pollution


Ocean pollution is one of the biggest problems facing our planet as an entire ecosystem. Every year there is over sixty million gallons of crude oil that makes its way into the ocean, however you usually only hear about it when there is a massive catastrophic oil spill. Each and every river, stream, and tributary finds its way to the ocean and so does the pollution that is made from waste of our everyday lives. (http://www.cdli.ca/CITE/oceanpollution.htm#Gander)


Man is not the only cause of pollution in the ocean but it is a large factor in the overall problem. The smaller half of the problem derives from crude oil unfortunately finding its way into the seas by huge underground oil vats that seep through the depths of the ocean floor. This natural process as bad as it is, in no way compares to the travesty dealt to the environment as man does. Oil is not the only problem the ocean faces, many other contaminants and infectious wastes also make their way into our vast oceans and seas. From the beginning of time man has treated the ocean as a dump for his garbage and in this modern day and age it begins to show.
Raw sewage is continuously pumped into the ocean from all over the world due to either cost effectiveness, lack of knowledge, of just blatant apathy. This seriously depletes the oxygen stores held in the water and poisons the fish and animals in the ocean. There are even a few closed beaches and shellfish beds across the world due to inhumane amounts of raw sewage spewing into our waterways.
Many companies find it cheaper to dispose of their industrial wastes into rivers streams and lakes and try to conceal it from the rest of population. Mining is also another problem that faces water and ocean pollution especially strip mining. By blasting constantly into mountains searching for minerals and ores many companies are further more polluting the water through clouds of dust entering many rivers, streams, lakes and aquifers. This type of mining also makes tap water undrinkable to many residents near these types of mines.
Ocean pollution affects individuals such as me because I am an avid surfer and a fan of the environment. I go to the beach about every day and hate to see trash or debris in the water. By cleaning our oceans we can swim in cleaner waters, eat fish/shell fish that are no longer contaminated due to constant dumping of toxins, and prevent further extinction of species of animals that we still have much to learn about.
This issue affects us as a society because we only have this earth of limited resources until the end of man or the sun expands in the red giant stage and consumes our microscopic planet. When our ocean becomes a cesspool of human filth and stagnant decay and there is nothing left of our ecosystem but an empty cobweb of a once thriving interconnected humanity will look back at its past stupidity and it will be a sorrowful day for all. Until that day comes the minority of environmentalist are our only hope to try to show the rest of the world that ignorance will only lead to disaster.
This is an issue in our society because of numerous organizations across the globe to protect the oceans and other bodies of water. Many people live their lives around the ocean whether it is socially, economically, or recreationally. On a smaller scale, the state we live in, New Jersey is practically surrounded by water. Anything that happens to the Atlantic Ocean directly affects us in many ways such as getting sick from swimming, eating poisoned fish, lowering property value on beachfront homes, disabling recreational boating, diving, fishing, wakeboarding etc.


Things that have been done to protect our oceans in America include the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 which pretty much enabled environmentalists a seat of power in controlling what can be dumped into the ocean and what couldn’t be. The issuing of regulations of ocean dumping in 1977 by the EPA was another major step in helping control ocean dumping. In 1983 the MPRSA added an amendment which required congressional approval for the disposal of low level radiation