Ocean


If we as human beings do not even make an effort to take better care of


the oceans, then life may slowly die out. We may be killing our own species


and not even realize it. There are a few solutions we have come up with and


put into effect, but without others the effects will not be as successful as they


could be. In order for us to realize exactly what we can contribute to this


search for a solution we have to; understand the ocean and how it affects our


ecosystem, know the background of the oceans pollution, know about ocean


pollution, and to have knowledge of what exactly is being done to prevent


ocean pollution. If we make it our responsibility now to put a complete end


to this pollution we will be one step closer to a safer future.


The first step towards a safer future is to understand the ocean and


it’s history. The fact that the ocean covers 71% of the earth’s surface alone


is enough of a reason to make it our duty to make a difference? The


oceans are traditionally into four large basins. The Pacific, being the largest,


is almost as large as all the others put together. The Atlantic is a little larger


than the Indian, but the two are about the same in depth. The Arctic is the


smallest and the shallowest of the four oceans. Certain Geographical


processes that occur beneath these waters not only affect the marine life, but


dry land as well. These processes occur over hundreds of millions of years.


To us as human beings this is beyond our lifetime, but in the blink of an eye


solid rocks flow like liquid, entire continents move across the face of the


earth, and mountains grow from flat plains. This is all possible due to the


ocean.[1]



The second step is to realize the background of ocean pollution.


Pollution in our oceans is a serious problem. It is the number one killer of


our sea animals. Most of the waste that is dumped is plastic, which takes


hundreds of years to break down. Everyday millions of animals are caught


in fishing nets and six pack beer rings. Although many believe that only fish


are affected by getting caught in these the truth of the matter is that animals


such as birds, turtles, dolphins, and seals are also killed. The animals are


slowly suffocated by rings as well as cans, fishing lines, nets, kite strings,


and ropes. Or, as stated by the National Wildlife Federation, they die from


accidental consumption, which means they accidentally swallow and choke


on these things. Garbage is not the only threat to the safety of our oceans


though, other thing such as oil spills. More than 60 million gallons of oil


enter the oceans every year. This is usually not reported because of the fact


that the oil seeps from oil-bearing rock layers into the ocean as part of a


natural process. These are only a few causes of ocean pollution, but do they


still exist. Of course they do!! [2]


The next step is to understand that fact that these problems occur


today. These are not situations that only occurred in the past, but that occur


now and are a lot worse than they were. The fact that there was a huge


increase in the amount of industrial, municipal, and domestic garbage


dumped into the oceans in the past few years is clearly a reason for us to


make it our responsibility to want to stop ocean pollution. The ocean is a


not a dump and need not be treated like one. Around the world, untreated


sewage flows into coastal waters, carrying organic waste and nutrients that


can lead to oxygen depletion, as well as disease-causing bacteria and


parasites that require closing beaches. Imagine the unintentional amount of


oxygen that we are deprived of all due to the amount of raw sewage that


flows into our oceans. It’s ridiculous and completely uncalled for.[3]


The last and most important way to prevent ocean pollution is to


become familiar with the actions that other people are taking to demolish


ocean pollution and build on that. This can be done by helping others


become aware