Nuclear Strikes


Scientifically, there is no obstacle for a nuclear or atomic bomb. There
are no secrets in Nuclear Science anymore. Anyone with a reasonable physics
degree and access to a good technical library could design a workable atomic
bomb in less than 6 months, so why hasn\'t anyone. Maybe there has been, no one
is exactly sure. In the last 52 years there has been enough nuclear warheads
made to destroy every city in the world and still have thousands left
over.(Church 40) This all happened during the Cold War, a period of 45 years
(1947-1991), between mainly the two superpowers (United States and the Soviet
Union). Other nations were involved, and 2 wars were fought over it (Korea and
Vietnam) and a nuclear war was almost waged (Cuban Missile Crisis). Now with the
breakup of the Soviet Union into a loose Commonwealth no one is exactly sure who
has all the weapons. Certain nations inherited them, Belarus, Kazakhstan,
Ukraine, and Russia, while others tried stealing them, Iran, Libya, and North
Korea. And since the breakup certain people have been caught stealing the
materials needed to make a bomb. These terrorists have never been caught in the
United States but numerous times in Europe.(www.pbs.org) As a matter of fact,
the Russians say someone stole a bomb simulator, which will explode and make
mushroom cloud but has no nuclear component.(Wilkie) People know that despite
efforts to keep control on the old Soviet stockpile and waste, terrorists are
getting the plutonium and uranium needed to make nuclear weapons to kill masses
of people. This is kind of the history of the nuclear & atomic bomb: (all from
Williams) The first atomic bomb was thought up by Albert
Einstein in the late 30\'s. In 1942 Enrico Fermi brought about first nuclear
reaction with isotope Uranium 235. From this the Manhattan Project was brought
about and took place in Los Alamos, New Mexico. Then July 16, 1945 near
Alamogordo, New Mexico world\'s first atomic bomb was set off. Three weeks later
on August 6, 1945 "Little Boy" hit Hiroshima and had the force of 26 million
pounds of TNT. Next on August 9, 1945 "Fat Man" missed it\'s mark but still
devastated Nagasaki causing an unconditional surrender by the Japanese. Then in
1946 the United Nations tried to outlaw the weapons but the Soviets used their
veto power against it. Finally in 1949 they developed their own weapons. In
1952 the first hydrogen bomb was made with a force of 800 Hiroshima\'s. In 1953
the Russians did it too (thanks to the Rosenberg\'s). In 1958 the United States,
Great Britain, and the Soviet Union stopped testing but in 1961 France started.
Then the Cuban Missile Crisis happened. This event was the closest we have ever
come to a nuclear war. This event it really kind of woke the United States and
Soviet Union up about what could happen. Because of this a direct phoneline was
set up between the Kremlin and the white house.

The main question today is who has control of the weapons. The former
superpower Russia is in political turmoil. Now instead of two people with their
hands on the button there could be dozens! Even the Central Intelligence Agency
director John Deutch said he is afraid of loose nukes being smuggled out of
Russia.(McGirk 35) The United States is in pretty good condition because not
much nuclear waste is stolen (they believe) and no missiles ever have been
stolen. But in some countries nuclear technicians haven\'t been paid in six
months (Russia). Security is breaking down, and waste is leaking out. What is
everyone going to do the next morning after a nuclear terrorist attack.

The four new formed nations of Belarus, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Russia
all have nuclear missiles. Although Ukraine and Belarus say they want no part of
them it is not known their real stance.(www.pbs.org) If they don\'t want them
then where will they go. They will probably send them to third world nations or
terrorist with a lot of money, because they are so poor. One Russian political
columnist Vladlen Sirotikin said, "give me a million bucks, and I\'ll have a
nuclear tipped missile bought or stolen and delivered anyplace you want." The
Pakistani Interior Minister General N. Babar admits his government has been
approached by smugglers with nuclear shopping lists. In fact one Russian proverb
which I think applies is, "The less you know, the better you
sleep."(www.pbs.org)

There is 15 nations in the world with nuclear weapons. Besides the
United States other Declared Nuclear weapon states are China, Russia, Great
Britain, France and