North American Aboriginal ReportCree Tribe
Jesuit missionaries, near a region of James Bay first discovered the Cree tribe during the 1940’s. They dwelled in regions spanning from Manitoba and the Assiniboia, from the Red and Saskatchewan rivers, and to the utmost Northern parts of the Nelson river and Athabasca lake. They were an Algonquian tribe that was mostly nomadic and moved along with the buffalo as well as other food, sometimes along with such tribes as the Chippewa and Maskegon. Eventually a variety of the Souix broke off from their tribe and became allied with the Cree. This alliance later lead to the Souix and the Siksika signing treaties, to fight of the emending Cree, who had just recently laid claim to British rifles and were raiding other tribes from their land as far North as regions near Churchill and as far West as the Rockies. When the Europeans came to the prairies, they brought many diseases such as smallpox, which killed half of the prairie tribes by 1838. Lack of food and proper land to live on caused many of the Cree to become dependent on many European lifestyles and giant industries, however first and foremost the Hudson’s Bay Company. After years the natives adapted to the many changes that began to influence them (such as diet and occupations). Physical changes could then be seen in their appearance. The Mackenzie and the Knisteneaux were both terms used to describe the different aboriginal peoples, according to their stature, hair color and skin pigment etc. Over time the Cree began to become diversified with Whitman’s society and culture, they continued to be on good terms with the Europeans as for such instances they even married fur traders which lead to the generation of Matte. The Cree’s culture has since shrunk dramatically, however in some areas certain tribes still continue to honor and practice the traditions and proud history of their ancestors.