Throughout life, clothing and body language are often utilized
as sources of emotional expression. These emotions can also be
portrayed in literaray works and artisitic displays, such as those of
Poe, Baudelaire, Manet, and Warhol. In Poe’s “Man of the Crowd,”
there are several descriptions of different types of people based on
their appearances, but one particular man is focused on by the narrator
due to his unique appearance. Baudelaire’s “The Painter of Modern
Life” emphasizes the emotional expressions of beauty and fashion
expressed in art. Manet is an artist who paints scenes to his liking.
All of his works were done in his studio and set up the way that he
wanted them. He holds a particular focus on men and women and the
relationship between them. The positions and clothing that the men and
women are set up in hold strong emotional implications about their
feelings towards one another and the emotions involved in the social
The opening of “The Man of the Crowd,” describes the emotions
involved in untold secrets and the deepest of crimes; there are
internal conflicts, struggles, anxieties, and agonous results due to the
horror of the unsolvable crimes. The possibility of these crimes is
introduced through the man of the crowd through his unseemingly
unidentifiable expression The narrator describes his thoughts of this
man as:

There arose confusedly and paradoxically within my mind, the ideas of
vast mental power, of caution, of penuriousness, of avarice, of
coolness, of malice, of blood-thirtstiness, of triumph, of merriment, of
excessive terror, of intense - of supreme despair. I felt singularly
aroused, startled, fascinated. “How wild a history,” I said to myself,
“is written within that bosom!”

Although the narrator had never spoken to this man of the crowd, he was
compelled to follow him based on his expression that had never been
viewed by the narrator. He continued to follow the man of the crowd,
noticing his patterns of following people by the mass and his shambled
cloting and he concluded that he “[was] the type and genious of deep
crime. He refuses to be alone.”
Prior to viewing the man of the crowd, the narrator observed
several different types of people, all of which were able to be “read”
through their outward appearances.. The most numerous amount of
individuals were business men. The first type of business men “[had]
brows [that were knit, and their eyes rolled quickly.” They were also
not distracted nor distraught when they were pushed around by men of
their sort. It was concluded by the narrator from these characteristics
that those men were content and “seemed to be thinking only of making
their way through the press.” The second type of business men conveyed
a different type of body language; they were restless, had flushed
faces, and talked and motioned to thesmselves. Their motions would
increase in number in addition to an overdone smile, when they were
jostled and they would bow apologetically to the jostlers. Their
movements indicated to the narrator that they felt alone as a result of
the large crowd surrounding them. These movements sounded to me as
though the business men were insecure in their actions and motioned to
themselves for purposes of reassurement. Their apologetic motions were
for purposes of acceptance of themselves to the rest of the crowd. Both
types of businessmen were concluded to be independent, “decent,” and
men who were responsible for conducting their own business. These men’s
professions were also identified as noblemen, merchants, attorneys,
tradesmen, and stock-jobbers through their actions and body language.
Clerks were other individuals who were able to be recognized
through their outward appearances. The “junior” clerks were “young
gentlemen with tight coats, bright boots, well - oiled hair, and
supercilious lips.” They were also perceived as frequently working at
desks and it was concluded that they “were the cast - off graces of the
gentry.” These men appear to be well groomed and wearing the latest
fashions. They are trying to impress others and the “deskism” described
by the narrator shows that they are hard workers. The supercilious lips
of the clerks places an emphasis upon the clerk’s mouths. This is
important because the clerks use the words from their mouths to sell and
to make