Native Americans Creation Legend

Thesis: The Shaman’s job of passing down the tribe’s ancient legends are very important.
I Shamans
A. definition
B. purpose
1. balance
2. success hunting
3. planting
4. cure sickness

C. Usually males
1. post menopausal women
2. blood powers
II passed down from generation to generation
A. usually from memory
1. sand drawings
2. birch bark scrolls
3. paintings on rocks
4. animal hides
B. children
1. eight-familiar stories
2. ten- know history
III answer basic questions
A. where do we come from
B. where are we going
C. how the world came into being
D. how it was transformed
E. guidelines of behavior
F. tools of survival
IV unknown how long been around
A. possible nomadic ancestors from old world
1. Siberian land bridge
2. Migrated
3. Regional tales similar
B. Environmental contributions
1. northeastern forest dwellers
a. arctic hare
b. wolf
c. cedar tree
2. agricultural southerners
a. Corn maidens
b. Sacred mountains
3. coastal people
a. aquatic animals
b. sea birds
c. ocean monsters
V stories told in different ways
A. told by fire
B. Chanting
1. Netslik Inuit
2. Special powers
VI special rites
A. Maidu-lay down
B. Cheyenne-smooth dirt
C. Other-presents
VII Special words
A. Seneca- when the world was new
B. Pima- they say it happened long ago
C. Zuni answers
D. Californian- order back to cave
VIII Reoccurring themes
A. Mother earth
B. Humans and animals
C. Animal teachers
D. Plots
1. complex
2. humor
3. values
IX equal with everything
A. Share earth like family
B. Man another animal
X characters
A. Animals
1. ravens
2. raccoons
3. foxes
4. beavers
5. blue jays
6. spiders
B roles
1. helpers
2. meddlers
3. both
C Coyote
1. respected
2. cunning
3. able to survive in all environments
a. prairie
b. woodlands
c. mountains
d. desert
XI Crow Indians
A Old man coyote
B. Ducks
1. root
2. mud
C. Empty island
1. root- trees plants
2. ducks
3. men
4. women
5. different animals
6. drum
7. songs
8. dancing
D. Shirape
2. Different languages
3. war
XII One animal
A. Plains Indians-muskrat
B. Inuit- raven with spear
C. Californian –turtles, waterfowl
D. Many- turtle
XIII Seneca
A. chief’s wife falls
B. waterfowl catch
C. frog gets dirt
D. turtle spreads- landmass
XIV Nez Perce
A. Monster eats all except coyote
B coyote tricks monster
C. befriend monster
D. go in stomach
E. make fire
F. cut out heart
G. flung flesh
H. tribes sprung up
I. blood- Nez Perce
XV Wappo Legend
A. flooded earth
B. hawk and coyote alone
C. create people from feathers
D. ask Old man moon
1. talk
2. movement
3. laughter
4. walk eat
XVI Tsimshian
A. raven pities dark world
B. transformed to a cedar leaf
C. dropped in stream
D. swallowed by chief’s daughter
E. gave birth to raven
F. played with the box that held daylight
G. stole it and flew to earth
H. smashed it on rocks
XVII Enlightenment of the sky
A. Zuni
1. Mother and father earth in primordial waters
2. Mother grew pregnant
3. Slipped beneath
B. Luiseno
1. short dialogue
2. made love
XVIII Okanagon
A. Earth a woman
B. Mother of all people
C. Flesh- soil
D. Bones- rocks
E. Breath- wind
F. Hair- plants
G. Movements- earthquakes
XIX Wichita
A. Star that is always moving
B. Shoot third deer
C. First-white
D. Second- black
E. Chased it in the sky
F. Stars
G. Finally catches world ends
XX Pawnee
A. Buffalo
B. Hair falls each year
C. All gone the end of the world
XXI Pawnee
A. Council meeting
B. Wolf not invited
C. Stole storm’s wind bag
D. People killed the wolf
E. Wolf people
XXII Closing

Shaman is a word that described the mystic healers of Siberia. They are also one of the names that French trappers named the Native American "doctors", along with medicine men and priests (Flaherty 15). Shamans are usually males, but sometimes they are postmenopausal females. The Native Americans say that menstrual blood is thought to contain special powers all of its own. The tribes count on the shamans to maintain a balance between the tribe and spirit world. They also ensure success in hunting, planting or in preventing sickness and curing diseases. One of their most important and interesting customs and responsibilities is to keep the tribe\'s legends throughout the tribe.
They pass down these ancient legends from each generation to generation. The shamans miraculously usually only use their memory alone, but sometimes they have a few reminders. Some shamans have used sand drawings or birch bark scrolls, and paintings on rocks or animal hides. The tribe’s memories for remembering the stories are amazing. Only a few have used these reminders and they are only a few pictures for details. By the time most Indian children were eight years old, they were already familiar with many stories and legends. By the time they were ten they could recite their nation’s history for hundreds and hundreds of years (geocities).
The stories answer basic questions concerning the human condition. Where do we come from? Where are we going? How did the world come into being? How was the world transformed? What are good guidelines for