Napoleon Bonaparte
In the age of Enlightenment the political landscape was changing. Therefore, the French rebelled against King Louie XIV and Marie Antoinette. Thus, the emergence of Napoleon. Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio on the island of Corsica near Italy. He was one of eight children born to Carlo and Letizia Buonaparte. Carlo was a lawyer branching off his family to the Florentine nobility.


Napoleon went to many schools throughout his life. In 1779 he went to school at Brienne in France and this is where he developed his great interest in history. In 1784, heattended the Ecole Military in Paris and received military training. After he finished his training, he joined the French army at the age of 16. He was given to an artillery regiment, and commissioned as a lieutenant of the French army. Not too long after this, his father died and he became the man of the house.


Napoleon’s rank increased rapidly as he became a more powerful leader. He became a captain in 1792 and in 1793 Corsica, his birth town, revolted against the Republic causing his family to flee to France. War was breaking out causing France to be in feud with Austria, Prussia, England, Holland, and Spain. At the age of twenty-five, Napoleon did such a great job that he was promoted to Brigadier General. In 1793, he led his first battle as a General at Toulon. August of 1794, Napoleon was arrested for being a supporter of Maximillion Robespierre and was accused of treason. At the age of twenty-sic, after being released from prison ha save the national convention from the Parisian mob and was given the position of commander in chief of the interior French army in Italy. There, he gave a speech to his army describing how they were badly fed and basically naked. He continued speaking about how the government owes them a great deal but will not help them out. He told them he would lead them into the most fertile plains in the world where they will find big cities and wealthy provinces. From this speech, he took ill prepared soldiers and turned them into a strong army. As his life progressed, he became a fine gentleman. He turned from a poor Corsican boy with torn clothes to a well-dressed general. Napoleon often visited the grand house of Barras and this is where he met his first love, Josephine de Beauharnais. She was the widow of a French nobleman and on March 9, 1796, they wed.


Napoleon formed three republics in northern Italy. He then made peace with Naples without even telling the government in Paris. In July, the Austrians sent three powerful groups of men through the Alps. Napoleon defeated all three groups in only six days. The defeat of the this group was called the battle at Rivoli. The third group only took two days t defeat and it took place on January 14th and 15th, 1797. In October of 1797, he signed a treaty of Compo-Formio stating that France was given Belgium and the lands along the Rhine River. When he returned to Paris in December 1797, he was a hero. This made him think about pursuing more political and military power to become the next Alexander the Great.


Egypt was next in line for Napoleon to attack. He proposed that if he were to take an army to Egypt and attack, than they would produce a threat on England’s hold on India. In May 1788, he sailed to Egypt and attacked. He won and the battle was named the Battle of the Pyramids. July 23 of the same year, he went to the city of Cairo and several days later was attacked by Haratio Nelson, an English admiral. The British then cut off all supplies that were being delivered to his men, therefore they began dying from disease and heat. He saw no hope in his army at this point and so he had no guilt in returning to Paris. His army was left in the hands of General Jean Kleber while he fled home.


At the age of thirty, he became the First Consul of France. As the First Consul, he directly controlled the entire executive