Name : Daniel Giovanno Sijabat NIM : 140705042 / A
CROSS-CULTRUAL ANALYSIS IN DAISY MILLER
"They are very common," Mrs. Costello declared. "They are the sort of Americans that one does one's duty by not—not accepting."
Henry James was born April 15, 1843, in New York City, to the wealthy James family. He is regarded as one of the key figures of 19th-century   literary realism . Henry cultivated acquaintances with many of the major artistic and literary figures in both France and England in his lifetime. He remained a prolific novelist, and also displayed a strong interest in literary criticism. Henry was attracted to the idea of writing for the theater. After producing many unadapted scripts and one modest success in the 1890s, Henry wrote a long drama called "Guy Domville " which opened to negative reactions in London in 1895. Although public opinion subsequently shifted and the play ended up being moderately successful, Henry was deeply traumatized by the initial negative reaction. He did however recover enough to write other theatrical pieces, some of which he later rewrote as novels.
As we can explore, Henry James has been the subject of a number of novels and stories . One of his arts, Daisy Miller was published in a British magazine in 1878, and in an American magazine in the same year with several other works of short fiction.
The story of   Daisy Miller   tells us about a young and beautiful American girl, who travels with her mother and brother in Switzerland and Italy. We follow their travels from Vevey , Switzerland to Rome, Italy as well as the development of the relationship between Daisy and an American man, Frederick Winterbourne. Daisy strikes him as looking extremely honest, fresh, sociable, charming, unsophisticated. Daisy's behaviour is misunderstood and disapproved of in Europe, especially among the circle of expatriate Americans. She dies of a fever in Rome and Winterbourne is left with the frustration of having misunderstood her. Through Daisy's experiences, Henry James paints a colourful and multilayered picture of the meeting of very different cultures.
This novella   shows a particular contrast between the American women Daisy and the English and Italian cultures, with which she is unfamiliar. If it is understood that Daisy herself is a product of the American culture from which she came, it can also be understood that the people with whom she interacts are also a product of their own cultures. In this way, a conflict of cultural views and values are illustrated clearly in the book.
Daisy and Winterbourne first meet in a nearby garden, where Daisy's younger sibling Randolph is questioning the American man. Randolph rambles on about how great American candy is, until Winterbourne gets a glimpse of his older sister walking toward them. The beauty of Randolph's older sister Daisy leaves him in a predicament with their first encounter, as "some people had told him that all, American girls were exceedingly innocent, and others had told him that, after all, they were not. He was inclined to think Miss Daisy Miller was a flirt (a pretty American flirt). This advice rattles around his head, determining whether or not to believe the rumors floating around. Once their conversations begin, her charm, appearance, and openness about gentlemen's company is what makes this one young lady unique.
Taking place in Europe, Daisy Miller provides a different perspective from many of the other places that we've seen in the other works that we've read. Much of what we've read defines Americanness based on the setting. When Mrs. Costello warns Winterbourne that he would regret living out of the country for so long, and in the last few lines of Daisy Miller," Winterbourne laments, "You were right in that remark that you made last summer. I was booked to make a mistake. I have lived too long in foreign parts" . James contrasts America and Europe by placing American characters in this foreign setting, but he introduces a new type of Americanness that we have not seen before. Daisy seems to be defined by her "American innocence" throughout the story, but is also very blatantly flirtatious. Perhaps James attempts to emphasize the effects of European culture