This essay Muckrakers has a total of 363 words and 2 pages.
The Progressive Era introduced muckraking journalism. Muckrakers wrote for popular journals and publicized political corruption, corporate greed, labor conditions and social inequitiesFor the most part, the Progressive Era neglected black Americans. Jim Crow, disenfranchisement and lynching defined life for African Americans in the South. When a mob in Memphis hung three of her friends, Ida Wells-Barnett began a one-woman crusade to end lynching. She believed her friends were killed because they were successfully competing with white store owners not because of white womanhood. She researched lynchings and published her findings in the muckraking journalsmuckrakers, name applied to American journalists, novelists, and critics who in the first decade of the 20th cent. attempted to expose the abuses of business and the corruption in politics. The term derives from the word muckrake used by President Theodore Roosevelt in a speech in 1906, in which he agreed with many of the charges of the muckrakers but asserted that some of their methods were sensational and irresponsible. He compared them to a character from Bunyan\'s Pilgrim\'s Progress who could look no way but downward with a muckrake in his hands and was interested only in raking the filth. Since the 1870s there had been recurrent efforts at reform in government, politics, and business, but it was not until the advent of the national mass-circulation magazines such as McClure\'s, Everybody\'s, and Collier\'s that the muckrakers were provided with sufficient funds for their investigations and with a large enough audience to arouse nationwide concern. All aspects of American life interested the muckrakers, the most famous of whom are Lincoln Steffens, Ida Tarbell, David Graham Phillips, Ray Stannard Baker, Samuel Hopkins Adams, and Upton Sinclair. In the early 1900s magazine articles that attacked trusts : including those of Charles E. Russell on the beef trust, Thomas Lawson on Amalgamated Copper, and Burton J. Hendrick on life insurance companies : did much to create public demand for regulation of the great combines. The muckraking movement lost support in about 1912. Historians agree that if it had not been for the revelations of the muckrakers the Progressive movement would not have received the popular support needed for effective reform.
Topics Related to Muckrakers
Journalism genres, Investigative journalism, Muckraker, Lincoln Steffens, McClures, The Muckrakers, Ray Stannard Baker, Ida Tarbell, Progressive Era, Samuel Hopkins Adams, Ida B. Wells, David Graham Phillips
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