This essay Mrs Smith Sux has a total of 1169 words and 5 pages.
Mrs Smith Sux
Darwin, through observation of organisms, determined that a system of natural selection controlled the evolution of species. He found that the organisms that were most fit and assimilated to the environment would survive. They would also reproduce so that over time they would eventually dominate in numbers over the organisms with weaker characteristics. This new theory was radical and interesting to the scientific world but its effects reach far beyond this small institution of intellectuals. People applied Darwinism and its belief in survival of the fittest to all areas of life. They used it as a “natural law” which supported their actions and beliefs. Advocates manipulated the scientific doctrine to fulfill their personal needs and to justify religious beliefs, capitalism, and military conquests.
Darwinism greatly impacted the scientific world purely through its specific doctrine. The enlightenment had paved the way for rational thinking and observation. People were willing to accept scientific data as fact and they were able to objectively consider theories that went against the church. Because of the story of creation, Darwinism would have been immediately rejected only a few centuries earlier. People used Darwinism as a weapon to strike at the validity of the powerful religious institutions of the period. It was because of the many drastic changes in the beliefs of the people and the advancement of the logical world that Darwinism was well accepted as a scientific truth.
Beyond the exact definition of Darwinism, many people found personal applications to the scientific doctrine. Not only was survival of the fittest an established truth in nature, it was also more than evident in human society. Many people, after reading the benefits associated with reproduction of the strong, began to place human activity under the scrutiny of science. Those who found that the principles of Darwinism advocated their personal goals in society took great lengths to spread the word of Social Darwinism. This was a doctrine that called for free competition among humans and a setting in which the dominating class was the major contributor of offspring.
The primary supporters of Social Darwinism included the hard-nosed capitalists who fought for laissez faire. These people wanted an economic market that was free from outside regulation. They contended that the system itself, like nature, had inherent systems of checks and balances. Because the stronger and more cunning fox survives, he passes on his positive traits and furthers the entire species genetically. Similarly, the stronger and more successful businessman weeds out his unskilled competitors. This allows the entire system to progress and provides positive examples for future generations to follow. This justification through “scientific law” promoted acceptance because science was held in high regard at the time. When lectures, publications, and even private conversations tackled the controversial issue of business regulation, people cited the principles of Social Darwinism time and time again. By providing firm scientific principles that could be used as evidence on popular issues, Social Darwinism consumed discussions and spread wildly.
In addition to rejecting business regulation, Darwinism could be manipulated to reject the socialist institutions that capitalists opposed. Socialist programs had sprung up in many areas of the world by this time period, but as R.J. Halliday wrote, “Socialism ran counter to natural law by limiting the scope of selection and competition.” People such as Marx, strongly rejected systems of social classes and sought their elimination. However, the people who benefited from the existence of social classes supported their economic views with principles of Darwinism. Socialists sought to make everyone equal and they wanted to do away with competition. Under the scrutiny of Darwinism, this would hinder the growth of society by promoting the negative traits of humans. When lazy and unskilled people are as successful as the dedicated and talented workers, the system does not flourish and growth is minimal. Social programs that aid the poor, the criminal, and the insane hurt society because they also attempt to level the playing field. This allows the weak to maintain enough power to reproduce and spread their weakness on to the next generation. Capitalists feel that the people should be left to fend for themselves, as Darwin’s creatures are in nature, so that they can evolve to better things. As socialist writings such as
Topics Related to Mrs Smith Sux
Herbert Spencer, Evolutionary biology, Darwinism, Charles Darwin, Survival of the fittest, Natural selection, Universal Darwinism
Essays Related to Mrs Smith Sux
Edward James HughesEdward James Hughes Edward James Hughes is one of the most outstanding living British poets. In 1984 he was awarded the title of the nation\'s Poet Laureate. He came into prominence in the late fifties and early sixties, having earned a reputation of a prolific, original and skilful poet, which he maintained to the present day. Ted Hughes was born in 1930 in Yorkshire into a family of a carpenter. After graduating from Grammar School he went up to Cambridge to study English, but later changed to
Ted Hughes, Britain's Poet LaureateTed Hughes, Britain\'s Poet Laureate Edward James Hughes is one of the most outstanding living British poets. In 1984 he was awarded the title of the nation\'s Poet Laureate. He came into prominence in the late fifties and early sixties, having earned a reputation of a prolific, original and skilful poet, which he maintained to the present day. Ted Hughes was born in 1930 in Yorkshire into a family of a carpenter. After graduating from Grammar School he went up to Cambridge to study English, but
Creative Writing: John Griffith BiographyCreative Writing: John Griffith Biography Let me put this heavy load down and take some of these bulky clothes off and I\'ll tell you about how I became a short story and novel writer. My name is John Griffith London. But I like to be called Jack. I was born in San Francisco in 1876. Most of my childhood I was very poor. I had to help my parents earn a living by doing odd jobs. I delivered papers, worked on ice- wagons, cleaned up bowling alleys, helped in the cannery and only made ten cents an
Charles Darwin and Herbert SpencerCharles Darwin and HerbertSpencer Charles Darwin, a British naturalist, revolutionized biology with his theory of evolution through the process of natural selection. HerbertSpencer was the major philosopher of biological and social evolution. Spencer\'s work significantly influenced 19th century developments in biology, psychology, sociology and anthropology. While Darwin was influential in the fields of natural history and geology, his theory of evolution created great controversy. He changed
John Griffith LondonJohn Griffith London Let me put this heavy load down and take some of these bulky clothes off and I\'ll tell you about how I became a short story and novel writer. My name is John Griffith London. But I like to be called Jack. I was born in San Francisco in 1876. Most of my childhood I was very poor. I had to help my parents earn a living by doing odd jobs. I delivered papers, worked on ice-wagons, cleaned up bowling alleys, helped in the cannery and only made ten cents an hour. I usually worked
Social DarwinismSocial Darwinism Survival of the fittest is a phrase most commonly associated with Charles Darwin\'s Theory of Evolution that was published in 1859. An English philosopher by the name of HerbertSpencer, applied Darwin\'s theory to society, hence creating Social Darwinism. Spencer believed that a person such as an artisan, who is poor and suffering, should not have to exist and they should not be helped. In fact, he believed that if a wealthy person were to help a poor artisan, the wealthy per
Jack LondonJack London Jack London was born January 12, 1876 in San Francisco California. Jack’s parents’ were Flora Wellman and William Chaney. Flora had grown up wealthy in Ohio. As a child Flora was stricken with thyroid fever which stunned her growth and ruined her looks. In June 1874 Flora started living with astrologer William Chaney. In the summer of 1875 when Flora told Chaney that she was pregnant Chaney panicked and told Flora to leave his home at once. Flora took an overdose of opium. When that
Plessy vs. FergusonPlessy vs. Ferguson America, the melting pot of the world. In the United States, we live by the words life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. As well, it is decreed upon our Constitution that all men are created equal. However, this is not so. Our past has denied people of certain colour opportunities. But with the passage of affirmative actions, there was a hope that opportunities would open for the underprivileged minorities. Though affirmative tries to help minorities, it still is vilifi
Industrial RevolutionIndustrial Revolution The new industrial age was even more important than the first one. What made this new industrial age so special compared to the first one, were invention like the light bulb. This new light bulb, for which Thomas Edison was made so famous for lasted longer than any others invented before it. The new light bulb didn’t produce a blinding light and it was totally silent. But, the light bulb couldn’t have been without the new usage of electric power. Electric power not only pro
Yukon JackYukon Jack The short lived life of Jack London is a direct reflection of his literary works major theme, the struggle for survival of strong men driven by primitive emotions. “To Build A Fire” and White Fang are two of his works that coincide his life experiences and illustrate his literary theme. London was born the illegitimate son of W.H. Chaney and Flora Wellmen in 1876. He never saw his biological father and his mother had little to do with him. Eight months after his birth, his mother marr
The New Woman The New Woman Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896 Homer Plessy was jailed for sitting in a rail car for whites only. A supreme court case that established the doctrine of separate but equal is equal and upheld a Louisiana law requiring blacks and whites occupy separate rail cares. It was applied to schools in Cumming vs. County Board of Education in 1899. It was a setback for black rights until the doctrine was finally overturned in 1954 in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. It was used as precede