Movie: Twelve Angry Men


The movie Twelve Angry Men begins with an eighteen year old boy from the
ghetto who is on trial for the murder of his abusive father. A jury of twelve
men are locked in the deliberation room to decide the fate of the young boy.
All evidence is against the boy and a guilty verdict would send him to die in
the electric chair. The judge informs the jurors that they are faced with a
grave decision and that the court would not entertain any acts of mercy for the
boy if found guilty.

Even before the deliberation talks begin it is apparent most of the men are
certain the boy is guilty. However, when the initial poll is taken Juror #8
(Henry Fonda) registers a shocking not guilty vote. Immediately the room is in
uproar. The rest of the jury resents the inconvenient of his decision. After
questioning his sanity they hastily decide to humor the juror #8 (Henry Fonda)
by agreeing to discuss the trial for one hour. Eventually, as the talks proceed
juror #8 slowly undermines their confidence by saying that the murder weapon is
widely available to anyone, and that the testimony of the key witness is suspect.
Gradually they are won over by his arguments and even the most narrow minded of
his fellow jurors hesitantly agrees with him. Their verdict is now a solid not
guilty.

Arriving at a unanimous not guilty verdict does not come easily. The jury
encounters many difficulties in learning to communicate and deal with each other.
What seems to be a decisive guilty verdict as deliberations begin slowly
becomes a questionable not sure. Although the movie deals with issues relating
to the process of effective communication this paper will focus of two reasons
why they encounter difficulties and how they overcome them. First, we will apply
the Johari grid theory and see how it applies to their situation. Then, we will
see how each individual\'s frame of reference and prejudices effect their
perception which cause difficulties in the communication process.

If we analyze the Johari grid of each juror we see a large hidden area in
the case of all of the men. Take into consideration, referred to by juror
numbers only they do not even have the benefit of knowing their names. These men
have never talked before. Each of them come from different situations with
individual and unique experiences. The public area consists solely of the
shared information provided during the trial. Their hidden area is immense
resulting in an equally large blind area. The public, hidden and blind areas are
relatively the same for each juror before beginning the deliberation. It is the
size of the unconscious area that will differ more among the men. We will see
how the contents of the unconscious area will largely effect the decision making
process of some of the jurors. Because the information contained in the
unconscious area is unrecognized it is often the most difficult to overcome.

Henry Fonda\'s (Juror #8) interpersonal style would be classified as open-
receptive. He levels with the others by openly admitting that he does not know
if the boy killed his father and solicits feedback in order to make an accurate
decision. He says “I just don\'t think we should send a boy off to die without
at least talking about it first.” The example he set encourages the others to
level and be open to receive feedback. The movie illustrates the process of
leveling and soliciting feedback which can make all the difference.

The character with the largest hidden window is the boy on trial. Realizing
this, Henry Fonda (Juror #8) tries to put himself in the boys shoes to gain a
better understanding of his situation. “The poor boy has been beaten on the head
once a day every day since he was five years old!” and “I think if I were the
boy I\'d get myself a better lawyer... He didn\'t stand a chance in there.” In
this case one can only speculate as to the contents of the boys hidden area.
The important factor is his desire to comprehend the boys feelings.

One man in particular, Juror #3 (Lee J. Cobb) has a sizable unconscious
area. He has a troubled relationship with his own son that preoccupies his
thoughts. This is eluded to in a conversation between juror #7 (Jack
Warden)and himself. Looking at a picture of him and his son he says “haven\'t\'
seen him in two years, kids, you