Motivation to Work Well Depends More Than High Wag
This essay Motivation to Work Well Depends More Than High Wag has a total of 1529 words and 8 pages.
Motivation to Work Well Depends More Than High Wages and on Working Conditions
1) Discuss critically the validity of the contention that the motivation to work
well depends on more than a high salary and good working conditions.
This essay will define what motivation is, the influence and effect that money
and good working conditions have on staff and the other factors and issues that
motivate staff to work in the context of the workplace.
In order to critically discuss and evaluate what motivates staff in the
workplace it is imperitive to firstly define the concept of motivation.
Motivation can be defined as the force or process which impels people to behave
in the way they do; Newcomb (1950) said that an organism is motivated:
"when - and only when - it is characterized both by a state of drive and by a
direction of behaviour towards some goal which is selected in preference to all
other possible goals. Motive, then is a concept which joins together drive and
This implies that providing the drive for staff to achieve goals that have been
set is a vital and important part of the managerial role.
Although it is apparent that to become or be motivated does not always rely on
drive and goals - it can often arise through voluntary action as well.
McDougall (1908) made this extension of the concept of motivation to \'voluntary
behaviour\' explicit by suggesting that instincts were the \'prime movers\' of all
human activity. McDougall disagrees with the drive theorists arguing that the
instincts of staff in the workplace provide a major source of motivation.
Hebb (1949) also disagrees with the assumptions that directed and persistant
behaviour is always preceeded by \'extra neural bodily irritants\'. Hebb claims
that \'The term motivation then refers to: (1) To the existence of an
organisational phase sequence, (2) to its direction or content, and (3) to its
persistence in a given direction or stability of content. There are obviously
many schools of thought and theories on exactly what is motivation and why
people are motivated, but it seems that the general concensus opinion lies with
Maslow (1970) "Motivation is the force or combination of forces which lead us to
behave as we do". The actual force or forces that motivate will be now be
Money is an important factor in the motivation of employees, as profit acts as a
measure of success of a business, so many people judge their own success or
failure and the esteem in which they are held by the employer or the
renumeration received for the job done. It must be mentioned that although a
high salary is not the only motivator, it can act as an incentive to work more
"Pay buys the goods and services that people want to satisfy other needs. The
more boring the job, and the less its intrinsic interest the greater the
importance of money as a motivator and incentive to effort". Hammond (1988).
An organisation offers both intrinsic and extrinsic rewards to its employees.
It must be realised that pay is only an extinsic reward. Employees derive
intrinsic rewards from the job itself, for example an employee may be motivated
by the degree of authority given at the work place or the sense of achievement
derived from completing their task (achievement motivation). Intrinsic rewards
are usually totally unrelated to an employees pay/salary.
The extrinsic rewards that employees derive are not directly related to the work
itself but are associated with doing the job; they include the salary/pay,
financial incentives, fringe benefits, working conditions and interaction with
other people in the work place. The importance of the different types of
rewards varies according to each individual and the situation that they are in
- their particular stage in life. For example, for an eighteen year old school
leaver eager to rent his or her own flat , money might be the determining factor
in deciding whether or not to do a job (extrinsic reward), whereas a fifty year
old executive with less pressing money worries will probably be search for a
more challenging job (intrinsic reward). These examples can be related to the
work of Maslow (1954) who identified five categories of need which he claimed
could be placed in a hierarchy (FIG 1). By this he meant that at any given
moment an individual will be aiming to satisfy one particular category of need,
but once this has been done that person will be interested in satisfying the
next higher level.
FIGURE 1 - Abraham Maslows Hierarchy of Needs (1954)
The previous example can be related to Figure 1 -
Topics Related to Motivation to Work Well Depends More Than High Wag
Motivational theories, Motivation, Human resource management, Industrial and organizational psychology, Experimental psychology, Two-factor theory, Need for achievement, Expectancy theory, Job design, Reward management, Overjustification effect
Essays Related to Motivation to Work Well Depends More Than High Wag
Pornography -- Sex Or Subordination?Pornography -- Sex Or Subordination? In the late Seventies, America became shocked and outraged by the rape, mutilation, and murder of over a dozen young, beautiful girls. The man who committed these murders, Ted Bundy, was later apprehended and executed. During his detention in various penitentiaries, he was mentally probed and prodded by psychologist and psychoanalysts hoping to discover the root of his violent actions and sexual frustrations. Many theories arose in attempts to explain the mot
Cognitive DissonanceCognitive Dissonance How do human beings make decisions? What triggers a person to take action at any given point? These are all questions that I will attempt to answer with my theoretical research into Leon Festinger\'s theory of cognitive dissonance, as well as many of the other related theories. We often do not realize the psychological events that take place in our everyday lives. It is important to take notice of theories, such as the balance theory, the congruency theory and the cognitive
Pornography: Sex or Subordination?Pornography: Sex or Subordination? In the late Seventies, America became shocked and outraged by the rape, mutilation, and murder of over a dozen young, beautiful girls. The man who committed these murders, Ted Bundy, was later apprehended and executed. During his detention in various penitentiaries, he was mentally probed and prodded by psychologist and psychoanalysts hoping to discover the root of his violent actions and sexual frustrations. Many theories arose in attempts to explain the motiv
Critically Evaluate The Cognitive Theory Of StereoCritically Evaluate The Cognitive Theory Of Stereotyping. Critically evaluate the cognitive theory of stereotyping. B231: Social Interaction, Exam Paper 1998, Question 4. Graeme Gordon Stereotyping is a form of pre judgement that is as prevalent in today\'s society as it was 2000 years ago. It is a social attitude that has stood the test of time and received much attention by social psychologists and philosophers alike. Many approaches to, or theories of stereotyping have thus been raised. This
Sport PsychologySport Psychology To fully understand sport psychology, we must ask ourselves two very important questions, first, what is sport psychology and second, who is it for? Put in the most sim-ple way, sport psychology can be an example of psychological knowledge, principles, or methods applied to the world of sport. Two psychologists, Bunker and Maguire, say sport psychology is not for psychologists, but is for sport and its participants. (Murphy & White, 1978:2) However, it can be argued that sport
Violence and PornographyViolence and Pornography Pornography -- Sex or Subordination? In the late Seventies, America became shocked and outraged by the rape, mutilation, and murder of over a dozen young, beautiful girls. The man who committed these murders, Ted Bundy, was later apprehended and executed. During his detention in various penitentiaries, he was mentally probed and prodded by psychologist and psychoanalysts hoping to discover the root of his violent actions and sexual frustrations. Many theories arose in at
“Is Financial Compensation Beneficial Or Detriment“Is Financial Compensation Beneficial Or Detrimental In An Empowerment Program ?” Introduction What is an Empowerment ? Basically empowerment means giving the employee the ability to do their work, i.e. through the right training, the right environment, the right information, the right tools and the authority that they need. It is thought that by giving the employee increased power and responsibility that the employee will have increased motivation. Organisations have developed a number of new p
Theories Underlying the Constructivist ApproachTheories Underlying the Constructivist Approach Introduction According to Elliot Eisner: “teaching is an art and the creations of the teacher in producing an engaging stimulating and insightful lesson are the result of using many different skills but these are influenced by qualities and contingencies that are unpredictable’ but all teachers do operate with theory where theory is ‘a general set of ideas through which we make sense of the world” And according to Peel (1967): “psychology may be de
Competitive Advantage in Tourism and Hospitality OCompetitive Advantage in Tourism and Hospitality Organizations Introduction Hospitality and tourism are closely related fields. These fields have grown together and have assumed the form of well-established industries in many economies today. The magnitude of these industries have grown so much that they contribute a significant portion to the economic revenues of some counties such as the US, European countries like Switzerland, France, Belgium and Asian countries like Malaysia, Indonesia and M
MotivationMotivation MOTIVATING EMPLOYEES I believe that every person is motivated about something; the challenge is to find out how to create a work environment that enables people to express that motivation at work. So how do you motivate employees? The answer to this question seems like is would be simple but it is actually quite complex. In order for employees to become and remain self-motivated, they need to have a reason. In fact, the word motivation means having a motive or reason. In my research I
TeachingTeaching Background and Setting My teaching practice is being carried out in Blackrock College. This is a large, fee paying all boys secondary school with roughly 1000 pupils from second to sixth year, with first years attending the feeder school Willow Park. My assignment relates to my experiences with second year classes. There are eight streamed classes, roughly 24 pupils per class, ranging highest to lowest from 2.8 to 2.2. The junior syllabus has been divided up, with a different teacher re
SIGMUND FREUDSIGMUND FREUD THE FATHER OF MODERN PSYCHOLOGY Sigmund Freud was born in 1856 and died in 1939. He was a successful psysiologist, medical doctor, and psychologist. He was recognized as one of the most influential and respected thinkers of the twentieth century. He originally worked in close association with Joseph Bruer, and created the theory of psychology. He refined teh concept of the unconscious, of infatile sexuality, of repression, and proposed a tri-partite account of the mind\'s structure
The Food Service IndustryThe Food Service Industry Going beyond a Pat on the Back – Motivation Theory at Work in the Food Service Industry America’s love affair with restaurants has never been greater. According to Roy Alonso of the National Restaurant Association, there were over 750,000 locations offering food services of some sort in the United States as of 1997. It is estimated that half of all adults are foodservice patrons on a typical day, and over 43 cents of the consumers food dollar is spent at these establish
Pornography -- Sex or Subordination?Pornography -- Sex or Subordination? Violence and Pornography In the late Seventies, America became shocked and outraged by the rape, mutilation, and murder of over a dozen young, beautiful girls. The man who committed these murders, Ted Bundy, was later apprehended and executed. During his detention in various penitentiaries, he was mentally probed and prodded by psychologist and psychoanalysts hoping to discover the root of his violent actions and sexual frustrations. Many theories arose in at