Michelangelo

During the dates 1475-1564 there were
many famous painters working all around the world. One of
which was Michelangelo. He painted and sculpted many
famous items that are still talked about today. Michelangelo
led a very buisy life, as of which you will be reading about
today. Michelangelo was born in 1475 in a small village of
Caprese near Arezzo At the age of 13 michelangelo’s
father Ludovico Buonarroti placed michelangelo in the
workshop of the painter Domenico Ghirlandaio through
connections with the ruling Medici family. About two years
later michelangelo studied at the sculpture school in the
Medici gardens. Shortly thereafter he was invited into the
household of the Magnincent, Lorenzo de’Medici. Where
he had an oppertunity to converse with younger Medici,
which later became pope Leo X. As he was also
introduced to humanists as Marsilio Ficino and the poet
Politian, who were frequent visiters. By the age of 16
Michelangelo had produced two relief sculptures ,the battle
of the Centaurs and the Madonna of the stairs, which
showed that he had achieved a very personal style at a very
early age. His patron Lorenzo died in 1492; two years later
Michelangelo fled Florence,when the Medici were
temporarily expelled. For a while he was settled in
Bologna, where in 1494 and 1495 he sculpted several
marble statuettes for the arca (shrine) di San Domenico.
Michelangelo went to Rome, where he was able to
examine many newly unearthed classical statues and ruins.
He soon produced his first large sculpture the over life size
Bacchus in 1496-1498. One of the few works of pagan
rather than Christian subject made by the master, it rivaled
ancient statuary, the highest mark of admiration in
Renaissance Rome. At about the samr time period
Michelangelo did the marble Pietà in 1498. It was finished
in 1500. It was one of the most famous works of art, the
Pietà was probubly finished before Michelangelo was 25
years old, and is the only piece of work he ever signed. In
the piece the youthfull Mary is shown seated majestically,
holding the dead Christ across her lap, it was a theme that
was borrowed from northern European art. Instead of
revealing extreme grief, Mary is restrained, and her
expression is one of resignation. In this work, Michelangelo
summerizes the sculptural innovations of his 15th-century
predecessors such as Donatello, while ushering in the new
monumentality of the high Renaissance style of the
16th-century. The high point of Michelangelo’s early style
is the gigantic(4.34m/14.24ft) marble David, which was
produced between the years 1501and 1504, after returning
to florence.The old testament hero is depicted by
Michelangelo as a lithe nude youth, muscular and alert,
looking of into the distance as if he was sizing up the enemy
Goliath, whom he has not yet been encountered with. The
fiery intensity of David’s facial expression is termed
terribilità, a feature characteristic of many of
Michelangelo’s figures and of his own personality. David,
was Michelangelo’s most famous sculpture, it became the
symbol of Florence and originally was placed in the Piazza
della signoria in front of the Palazzo Vecchio, the Florentine
town hall. With this statue, Michelangelo proved to his
contemporaries that he not only surpassed all modern
artists, but also the Greeks and the Romans, by infusing
formal beauty with powerful expressiveness and meaning.
While still occupied with David,Michelangelo was given an
oppertnuity to demonstrate his ability as a painter with the
commission of a mural, the Battle of Cascina, destined for
the Sala dei Cinqueccento of the Palazzo Vecchio,
opposite of Leonardo’s Battle of Anghiari. Neither
Leonardo or Michelangelo carried there assignment
beyond the stage of a cartoon, a full-scale preparatory
drawing. Michelangelo created a series of nude and clothed
figures in a wide variety of posesand positions that were a
prelude to his next majos project, the ceiling of the Sistine
Chapel in the Vatican. In 1505 the Pope Julius II recalled
Michelangelo to Rome for two commissions. The most
important one was for the frescoecs of the Sistine Chapel
ceiling. Working high above the chapel floor, lying on his
back on scaffolding painting for 5 years. Michelangelo
painted, between 1508-1512, some of the finest pictorial
images of all time. On the vault of the of the papal chapel,
he divised an intricate system of decoration that included
nine scenes from the book of Genesis, begining with the
God Seperating Light from darkness and including the
creation of adam, the creation of eve, the temptation and
fall of adam and eve, and the flood. These centrally located
narratives are surrounded by alternating images of prophets
and sibyls on marble thrones, by other Old Testement
subjects, and by the studies and cartoons, devising scores
of figure types and poses. These awesome, mightly images,
demonstrating Michelangelo’s masterly understanding of
human anatomy and movement, changed