Michael Pannone Prof. Thompson, PhDHST 100 DATE \@ "MMMM d, y" December 19, 2014 A) The Parliamentary Papers on the Abolition of Slavery, Part I - Jamaica 1833 - 1835 was a document that was attempting to abolish slavery in Jamaica after the Maroon Wars. The reason I think it is a document of abolition because, not only from the title, but from the manner Governor Sligo addresses the crowd, by saying what group they are now categorized under, "non-predial apprentices", no longer slaves. Since the document is a part one of two, the first part was written in 1833. The date is significant because in the Caribbean at that time, because the British were abolishing slavery in all their colonies throughout the Caribbean (Abolition, 11/21/14). Wilber Wilberforce, a British abolitionist, started a campaign of "amelioration" to improve the conditions of the enslaved.(Gomez, 554). I believe that Wilberforce himself or one of his followers had a role in the development in the Emancipation Act of 1833. Governor Sligo's speech and the document itself was intended to be for the slaves of Jamaica finally getting their freedom, and slaves owners because now they would have to treat their former slaves like humans. All people of Jamaica are aloud access to the document because it can act as a template or guideline on how to treat servants and the boundaries slave holders cannot cross and treat their servants like slaves. Three things that I find important from the document are that the document states that "he does not compel you to work more than nine hours each day, except in cases of hurricane, tempest, earthquake, flood, fire, or other misfortune the Act of God." Which means that the master cannot make his servants work for more then 9 hours, which is a complete reverse from being a slave owner because as a slave owner he could work his slaves as long as he wanted too. Also the document states that servants will be released as a free British subject 2 years earlier than being a slave on a planation trying to buy their freedom. Even thought this document is supposedly emancipating slaves in Jamaica, they can still be punished as slaves but not by their masters, but by a "special magistrate", which is vague and can mean that the former slaves can be beaten behind closed doors. I think that this document was written to try to attempt to create less tension between whites and blacks in the whole Caribbean area. The British tried to follow America because at this time the fight over slavery was starting in America. The evidence in the document is shown by the compensation of all the wrong doings done by slave owners, such as the length of the work day, days they have to work, and how long they would be servants for. The document states "If you absent yourselves from his service, though your master cannot punish you now himself as he was empowered to do when you were slaves, you will be liable to be punished by the order of a special magistrate. I advise you therefore to pay the most diligent attention to your duties, serve your masters with cheerfulness, and with the gratitude which they deserve." I believe that this rule attempts to imply that British servant owners are still higher regarded then servants, this still subtly implies slavery in the Caribbean. Also various other colonies in the Caribbean were abolishing slavery, such as French and Danish colonies in 1848, and the Dutch colonies in 1863 (Gomez,556). A question that wasn't answered by the document was what kind of of magistrate do the servants who disobey go to ? The document is very vague stating a "special magistrate". I believe that this question is hidden because the white master still wanted to feel some sort of power from having people work for them but since they cannot ow slaves they can own servants. Servants are bad for slaves holders because they get paid more and the time that they have to be a servant is shorter then owning a slave.