This essay Metallica has a total of 564 words and 3 pages.
Metallica was a band that that started out in the garage of one of the
members when they were in high school. The band went through many changes and
tragedies and found solutions for them and somehow remained playing. They
started in 1980 as one of the first, if not the first Black/Metal band. Their
popularity decreased in 1987 and form there they went on to become really
popular later on.
Metallica started playing in 1980 and are still a band to this day.
They have gone through many changes over the years. The original members of the
band were James Hetfeild, Lars Ulrich, Dave McGovney, and Dave Mustain.
Hetfeild was the rhythm guitarist and singer. Lars is a very great drummer.
McGovney was the original bass player. And Dave Mustain was the original lead
guitarist. Lars first began playing at the age of 13 when his grandmother
brought him home a cheap set of drums which he pounded in. He was inspiried and
began to like music after his father took him to a Deep Purple concert. His
family migrated from Denmark to Newport Beach, California in 1980 to find the
sunny climate to play tennis. After that he met the band as friends and then
began to play.
Hetfeild went to Downey East Middle School where he started playing in the
auditorium on the stage with friends. Three years later his mother died of
cancer. There was a song written in memory of her memory titled "The God that
Failed." Then he moved to L.A. where he met the band. Lars knew Kirk but he
already had enough guitars in the band. Eventually Dave Mustain was kicked out
of the band because he disagreed with everyone. McGovney followed with him.
Kirk was already playing with a band called Exodus but quit to join Metallica.
And the band acquired bassist Cliff Burton to join.
Cliff was in the group when they made their oldest album called Kill em'
All. But died in a bus accident on tour. The band was shook up and didn't play
in concert for years. Not only did the death of Cliff startle them, but they
also had to acquire a new bass player. Jason Newstead was chosen of many other
people who tried out for the band. Those people included Les Claypool of the
band Primus. Newstead grew up in Niles, Michigan where he and his family raised
horses. They moved to Kalamazoo then to L.A. Jason Newstead came from a band
named Flotsam and Jetsam named after a chapter in J.R.R. Tolkien's trilogy Lord
of the Rings.
Metallica has played many concerts, shows, and world tours over the years.
They gained popularity from playing concerts improving their talents. On tour
they have played with many bands including Van Halen, Danzig, Motorhead, and
Guns and Roses. They have played all over the world for many purposes. They
are going on tour headlining Lollapalloza to support their new CD entitled Load
which comes out June 4th. And they have appeared in Metal Mania a metal many
I enjoyed this book because it showed me how Metallica became successful.
They only achieved success through many years of practice and struggling to be
best. Metallica have overcome many tragedies over the years andcame out on top.
The moral of this book is practice makes perfect because Metallica spent many
years practicing to become as great as they now are. I like the whole book
because it always seemed so interesting.
Category: Music and Movies
Topics Related to Metallica
Music, Heavy metal, Metallica, Lars Ulrich, Jason Newsted, Ron McGovney, Cliff Burton, Flotsam and Jetsam, Load, Extreme metal, Heavy metal genres, Kill Em All
Essays Related to Metallica
Louis Armstrong: From Childhood To AdulthoodLouis Armstrong: From Childhood To Adulthood Louis Armstrong: From Childhood to Adulthood When you think of Louis Armstrong you probably think of a jolly middle-aged man who can play the cornet like no one else, a man who had it all, a man who had the good life. Well, Louis was not always that lucky. From childhood to his adulthood, Louis Armstrong changed much as a person and a musician. He worked very hard to become what he became and did not let anything get in the way of becoming a musician.
The Age Of Aerospace- Learning from the PastThe Age Of Aerospace- Learning from the Past INTRODUCTION Human beings have always been fascinated by flight. Cave people carved, sculpted, and painted winged creatures soaring through the sky. Greek mythology tells of the winged horse Pegasus, ancient Persian myths tell of winged bulls that guarded the royal halls, and a 4000 year old Chinese story, from the Annals of The Bamboo Books, describes how the Emperor Shun escaped from captivity by donning the work-clothes of a bird. People struggle
The DemonThe Demon THE DEMON BLACK The transition of being a black man in a time just after slavery was a hard one. A black man had to prove himself at the same time had to come to terms with the fact that he would never amount to much in a white dominated country. Some young black men did actually make it but it was a long and bitter road. Most young men fell into the same trappings as the narrator’s brother. Times were hard and most young boys growing up in Harlem were swept off their feet by the onsla
The JungleThe Jungle Sinclair\'s book ,The Jungle probably had to do the most with the fact that he himself was a Socialist. He was brought up in Baltimore, and his family was considerately poor. His father was not very successful at his job and for this reason it seems good to believe he became a Socialist because in communist countries it is said that all people are treated equal. An opposite of this book would be ‚Animal Farm , which Sinclair has probably never read. This other novel shows the bad side
Drugs in the Music IndustryDrugs in the Music Industry The Music World-glamorous, fast paced, and a world most of us will never be part of. But if we knew what it entailed, would we still want to be? The whole world seems to be building itself around drugs more and more every day, and music industry isn\'t immune. In fact, music is one of the most influential art forms of today\'s society, and drugs, especially to today\'s youth, just add to the attractiveness of it all. In the last two or three years, drugs, especially h
Duke EllingtonDuke Ellington Duke Ellington By Frank Gray By the time of his passing, he was considered amongst the world’s greatest composers and musicians. The French government honored him with their highest award, the Legion of Honor, while the government of the United States bestowed upon him the highest civil honor, the Presidential Medal of Freedom. He played for the royalty and for the common people and by the end of his fifty-year career, he had played over 20,000 performances worldwide. He was the D
Heart of DarknessHeart of Darkness The framing narrative of Heart of Darkness is presented by an unnamed, undefined speaker, who is one of a group of men, former sailors, now professionals, probably middle-aged, on the deck of a yacht at the mouth of the Thames River, London England. The time is probably contemporary with the writing and publication of the novel, so around the turn of the 20th century. One among the group, Charlie Marlow, a mysterious figure who is still a sailor, tells the story of something th
Eric Eazy-E WrightEric Eazy-E Wright A Life Interrupted By: Taylor Evans Born September 7, 1963, Eric Eazy-E Wright\'s early reputation on the streets of Compton, California, was a hustler eager to apply his street knowledge to his legitimate game. He dropped out of high school in the tenth grade, but refused that to interrupt his success. In the late \'80\'s he turned to rap music. Along with Ice Cube, Dr. Dre, DJ Yella, and M.C. Ren established the most successful and controversial rap group in history. As
Frank Lincoln WrightFrank Lincoln Wright .......having a good start not only do I fully intend to be the greatest architect who has yet lived, but fully intend to be the greatest architect who will ever live. Yes, I intend to be the greatest architect of all time. - Frank Lloyd Wright 1867-1959 CHILDHOOD Born in Richland Center, in southwestern Wisconsin, on June 8, 1867 (Sometimes reported as 1869) Frank Lincoln Wright (Changed by himself to Frank Lloyd Wright) was raised in the influence of a welsh heritage. Th
John LennonJohn Lennon BY: UNKNOWN John Lennon was a great song writer and musician. He played the rhythm guitar, the piano, and sang. He was in the most popular group in the history of rock music. In 1959, John founded this group, called The Beatles. The original Beatles were John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Pete Best. Brian Epstein became the manager of the Beatles in 1961. Epstein made many changes in the group. John rebelled and did not want to package and clean up the group in ord
King Henry VIIIKing Henry VIII Henry VIII (born 1491, ruled 1509-1547). The second son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York was one of England\'s strongest and least popular monarchs. He was born at Greenwich on June 28, 1491. The first English ruler to be educated under the influence of the Renaissance, he was a gifted scholar, linguist, composer, and musician. As a youth he was gay and handsome, skilled in all manner of athletic games, but in later life he became coarse and fat. When his elder brother, Arthur,
The Art of Rock and Roll by Charles BrownThe Art of Rock and Roll by Charles Brown The book “The Art of Rock and Roll” by Charles T. Brown basically proposes methods for analyzing music and anyone who reads the books should be able to develop techniques for listening to music and making legitimate statements about it. It treats rock and roll as a serious art form and traces it cultural roots throughout the book. Chapter one discusses the elements of rock and makes four assumptions. Assumption one states that rock is a legitimate art fo
The Adventures Of Huckleberry FinnThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Tom Kelly You don\'t know about me, without you have read a book by the name of “ The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, but that ain\'t no matter. that book was made by Mr. Mark Twain, and he told the truth, mainly. There were things which he streched, but mainly he told the truth. That ain\' nothing. I never seen anybody but lied, one time or another, without it was Aunt Polly, or the widow, or maybr Mary. Aunt Polly-Tom\'s Aunt Polly, she is-and Mary, and the Widow
Alexander Graham BellAlexander Graham Bell Alexander Graham Bell is a name of great significance in American history today. A skillful inventor and generous philanthropist, he astounded the world with his intuitive ideas that proved to be both innovative and extremely practical in the latter half of the 19th century. Most notable, of course, are Bell\'s work in developing the telephone and his venerable life-long endeavor to educate the deaf. Originally, his only wish was to help deaf people overcome their difficult
Anthony BurgessAnthony Burgess John Anthony Burgess Wilson was an English novelist and critic. He was born in a small house in Harpurhey and was the son of a bookkeeper and part-time pianist. He was found lying in his cot when he was a baby with his mother and sister dead beside him. They were said to have been victims of the Spanish Flu. Anthony attended the Bishop Bilsborrow- Primary School, Moss Side, Xavier College and lastly Manchester University. He then spent six years as a wartime soldier and after he
Bejamin Franklin -- A Life Of A Great ManBejamin Franklin -- A Life Of A Great Man Benjamin Franklin During the period after America\'s birth there were many incredible people but none more so than Benjamin Franklin. Ben is considered one of America\'s greatest citizens. He accomplished many things in his lifetime; he was a scientist, an inventor, a politician, a printer, a philosopher, a musician, and an economist. In the 1700s, a scientist was someone who thought about the way things work and tried to figure out ways to make things w
Eric 'Eazy-E' Wright'sEric \'Eazy-E\' Wright\'s A Life Interrupted By: Taylor Evans Born September 7, 1963, Eric Eazy-E Wright\'s early reputation on the streets of Compton, California, was a hustler eager to apply his street knowledge to his legitimate game. He dropped out of high school in the tenth grade, but refused that to interrupt his success. In the late \'80\'s he turned to rap music. Along with Ice Cube, Dr. Dre, DJ Yella, and M.C. Ren established the most successful and controversial rap group in history
Frank Lloyd WrightFrank Lloyd Wright “.......having a good start not only do I fully intend to be the greatest architect who has yet lived, but fully intend to be the greatest architect who will ever live. Yes, I intend to be the greatest architect of all time.” - Frank Lloyd Wright 1867-1959 CHILDHOOD Born in Richland Center, in southwestern Wisconsin, on June 8, 1867 (Sometimes reported as 1869) Frank Lincoln Wright (Changed by himself to Frank Lloyd Wright) was raised in the influence of a welsh heritage. The
Jim Morrison; From Boy To LegendJim Morrison; From Boy To Legend Jim Morrison; From Boy to Legend hope is just a word when you think in Table Cloths Laughter will not end her funny feeling or assuage our strange desire Children will be born Jim Morrison Jim Morrison is often thought of as a drunk musician. He is also portrayed to many as an addict and another \'doped up\' rock star. These negative opinions project a large shadow on the many positive aspects of this great poet. Jim\'s music was influenced heavily by many famous
JOHN LENNONJOHN LENNON BY: UNKNOWN John Lennon was a great song writer and musician. He played the rhythm guitar, the piano, and sang. He was in the most popular group in the history of rock music. In 1959, John founded this group, called The Beatles. The original Beatles were John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Pete Best. Brian Epstein became the manager of the Beatles in 1961. Epstein made many changes in the group. John rebelled and did not want to package and clean up the group in ord
Leonardo da VinciLeonardo da Vinci Leonardo da Vinci, perhaps the greatest man in history, invented thousands of things including the helicopter, tank and portable bridge. Leonardo was not only an inventor ,but a sculptor, an artist and an architect. He was born 1452 in the small town of Vinci ,in Tuscany. His father was a wealthy notary and his mother a peasant woman. In the mid 1460s the family moved to Florence here he was given the best education Florence could offer. He advanced rapidly socially and intelle
MetallicaMetallica So it’s Wednesday night. I’m lying in bed, trying to decide what to write my research paper on, but mostly focusing on the television. VH1’s Behind the Music is on. Tonight, the show spotlights my favorite band: Metallica. Suddenly it hits me. I should do my paper on the most fascinating band in the world. And so the story begins. We’ll start over in Copenhagen Denmark. A young boy named Lars Ulrich is growing up in a rich neighborhood. He plays tennis, and has hopes of one day being o
Report on the History of Rock and RollReport on the History of Rock and Roll Book Report: The Art of Rock and Roll The book “The Art of Rock and Roll” by Charles T. Brown basically proposes methods for analyzing music and anyone who reads the books should be able to develop techniques for listening to music and making legitimate statements about it. It treats rock and roll as a serious art form and traces it cultural roots throughout the book. Chapter one discusses the elements of rock and makes four assumptions. Assumption one stat
Robert SchumannRobert Schumann Robert Alexander Schumann was born in the small riverside town of Zwickau, Saxony, in 1810.The youngest of five children, Robert Schumann was brought up in comfortable, middle-class respectability. As a child, he apparently exhibited no remarkable abilities. At the age of six, Robert was sent to the local preparatory school, run by Archdeacon Dohner. He had in fact already begun his education, with the young tutor who gave lessons in exchange for board and lodging at the Schumann
The Life of Mark Twain-personal book analysis-reviThe Life of Mark Twain-personal book analysis-review of liter Tom Kelly The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn I “You don’t know about me, without you have read a book by the name of “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer,” but that ain’t no matter. that book was made by Mr. Mark Twain, and he told the truth, mainly. There were things which he streched, but mainly he told the truth. That ain’ nothing. I never seen anybody but lied, one time or another, without it was Aunt Polly, or the widow, or maybr Mary.
The Significance of Alexander Graham Bell in AmeriThe Significance of Alexander Graham Bell in American History Alexander Graham Bell is a name of great significance in American history today. A skillful inventor and generous philanthropist, he astounded the world with his intuitive ideas that proved to be both innovative and extremely practical in the latter half of the 19th century. Most notable, of course, are Bell’s work in developing the telephone and his venerable life-long endeavor to educate the deaf. Originally, his only wish was to he
Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a remarkable musician and composer. Mozart was born in Salzburg Austria in 1756. By the age of four it was evident that he possessed tremendous musical talent and music memory. His father Leopold who was a master violinist and composer decided to enroll young Wolfgang in harpsichord lessons. At age five Mozart was composing music and by age six he had mastered the keyboard. By his early teens, he had mastered the piano, violin, and harpsichord
The Real KingThe Real King Riley B. B.B. King (guitarist/singer, born September 16, 1925, Itta Bena, MS) The most touching bluesman of our time, and the most influential electric guitarist ever, the King of the Blues sums up his message with some simple advice. I would say to all people, but maybe to young people especially--black and white or whatever color--follow your own feelings and trust them, find out what you want to do and do it, and then practice it every day of your life and keep becoming what you
Perfectly Imperfect-The Shakespeare storyPerfectly Imperfect-The Shakespeare story Perfectly Imperfect: The Shakespeare Story Few authors today write with such universal understanding that their works will be popular with all types of people, and so successfully that their work survives centuries. These authors posses qualities we can seldom identify in their lifetimes. Yet we do know this -- William Shakespeare was one of them. William Shakespeare’s parents were John Shakespeare and Mary Arden. John Shakespeare was born in 1529. His
Romeo and Juliet - Study Notes!Romeo and Juliet - Study Notes! NOTES : * indicates personal opinion. Romeo and Juliet Prologue The prologue is written in the form of a sonnet. A sonnet is a 14 line lyric poem with an iambic pentameter rhythm and a set rhyme scheme. U / iamb U / U / U / U / U / pentameter - 5 feet Rhyme The rhyme scheme of a Shakespearean sonnet divides the poem into 3 quatrains and a rhyming couplet. The thought of the poem follows this division. Quatrain 1 dignity - A scene - B mutiny - A unclean - A Quatrai
How has AIDS affected our Society?How has AIDS affected our Society? Today more Americans are infected with STD\'s than at any other time in history. The most serious of these diseases is AIDS. Since the first cases were identified in the United States in 1981, AIDS has touched the lives of millions of American families. This deadly disease is unlike any other in modern history. Changes in social behavior can be directly linked to AIDS. Its overall effect on society has been dramatic. It is unknown whether AIDS and HIV existed a
How Aids Has Affected Our SocietyHow Aids Has Affected Our Society Today more Americans are infected with STD\'s than at any other time in history. The most serious of these diseases is AIDS. Since the first cases were identified in the United States in 1981, AIDS has touched the lives of millions of American families. This deadly disease is unlike any other in modern history. Changes in social behavior can be directly linked to AIDS. Its overall effect on society has been dramatic. It is unknown whether AIDS and HIV existed an
SpartaSparta Sparta: Uncultured Discipline The Spartans were the most formidable warriors in all of history. They dedicated their entire lives to warfare. They were taught to endure cold, hunger, pain, their courage on the battlefield was second to none. The Spartan code was to fight hard, follow orders without question and to die rather then retreat or surrender. To achieve all this, Sparta sacrificed everything; the arts, culture, and other things that make life worth while. I believe the price was
Carl Orff's Philosophies In Music EducationCarl Orff\'s Philosophies In Music Education While Carl Orff is a very seminal composer of the 20th century, his greatest success and influence has been in the field of Music Education. Born on July 10th in Munich, Germany in 1895, Orff refused to speak about his past almost as if he were ashamed of it. What we do know, however, is that Orff came from a Bavarian family who was very active in the German military. His father\'s regiment band would often play through some of the young Orff\'s first
The Telephone And Its CorporationThe Telephone And Its Corporation The phone is easily one of man’s most important, useful and taken for granted inventions. The telephone has outgrown the ridicule with which it first received, now in most places taken for granted, it is a part of many people’s daily lives. It marvelously extended the ways man converses that it is now an indispensable help to whoever would live the convenient life. All disadvantage of being deaf and mute to any persons, which was universal before the advent of t
Pythagorean Philosophy and its influence on MusicaPythagorean Philosophy and its influence on Musical Fundamentals of Musical Acoustics. New York: Dover Publications Ferrara, Lawrence (1991). Philosophy and the Analysis of Music. New York: Greenwood Press. Johnston, Ian (1989). Measured Tones. New York: IOP Publishing. Rowell, Lewis (1983). Thinking About Music. Amhurst: The University of Massachusetts Press. Music is the harmonization of opposites, the unification of disparate things, and the conciliation of warring elements...Music is the bas
JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH Johann Sebastian Bach was born in 1685 in the town of Thuringia, Germany where he was raised and spent most of his life. Due to a shortage of expenses, he was confined to a very limited geographical space, as was his career. This greatly affected his, in that his music was not as widley known as other composers of the time. On traveling he never went farther north than Hamburg or farther south than Carlsbad. To look back on the life of Bach many have
DrugsDrugs Phil Pierce Drugs have been around for hundreds of years. Indians were known to have used Opium and other drugs for medical and various other purposes. During the 7th Century A.D. in China a drug emerged called Opium. Opium, the dry juice from immature seed pods of the opium poppy plant, is a narcotic drug that is very powerful in the relief of pain but is also very addictive. At the beginning Opium was like any other drug, but then people unaware of the harm it could cause began to use it
Adam De La Halle and Ars Antiqua Time PeriodAdam De La Halle and Ars Antiqua Time Period Life Summary Adam de la Halle is often referred to as the greatest of the long succession of post Medieval musicians. He was a poet, musician and innovator of the earliest French theater. He became famous for his use of polyphony and his theatrical productions. Adam originally trained for the clergy (the people of the church). Marriage interfered with his musical career; but with the help of some noble benefactors he was able to pursue musical studies
Audio Format WarsAudio Format Wars By: Sheldon Khan Before buying a new car, getting married, or adopting a new audio format it is wise to ask a few questions, peer under the hood, and ask the advice of someone you trust. Will the new format satisfy your needs not only now but, also in the future? Will it look (and sound) as good on all the mornings after you first met? The analogue cassette is an old and trusted versatile friend that went with you on those morning jogs and cruised in the car with you on Friday
How The Beatles Changed Rock MusicHow The Beatles Changed Rock Music Rock music consists of many individual styles. Even though there is a common spirit among all music groups, all music made by them are very different. Rock music evolved in the 1950s and the early 1960s. At that time that Beatles entered the world of music from Liverpool. Rock music was a large piece of the centerpiece of a largely rebellious group of young people. Before the era of the Beatles, Elvis Presley first took Rock ‘n\' Roll to the public. Elvis blend
Censorship...Who gives a F**k!!!Censorship...Who gives a F**k!!! Brad Miska Period 8 English My life has been nothing but censorship since the time I was born. When I was very young and lived in Chicago there were all sorts of interesting things around to play with. My parents physically censored me by putting me in baby prison. They felt that certain things needed to be censored from me because of their potential danger. So I was kept out of harms way in the playpen or crib. As I grew older and was no longer watched by my p
Coparison Between Two Guitars: Ibanez 453 RVC andCoparison Between Two Guitars: Ibanez 453 RVC and the Gibson Les Paul The paper I have written and know alot about is a contrast on two really well known and popular guitars. One which is the Gibson Les Paul, and the other which is the Ibanez 453 RVC. Both guitars may look alike to some, and to some they may sound alike as well, but are they really alike? Starting with the bodys, the Gibson Custom Les Paul is made of solid mahogeny wood, which gives the guitar a more Classical look and feel and
Death of the SuperstarsDeath of the Superstars Have you ever wondered what it would be like to listen to some of the greatest music stars of our time. I\'m talking about the stars that never made it to full prominence. The list of players is alarmingly high and sad. The potential of these performers never met. It would be something to see what the music of today would be like. I was reading a book awhile back. Don\'t laugh, I read sometimes. It was a book from I\'m sorry to say, Stephen King. All right I\'m not sorry.
Duke Ellington: An American LegacyDuke Ellington: An American Legacy Where would music be had it not been for the men that stepped before him. The Motzarts and Beethovens, who wrote the music that today is known as the classics. These men were naturals in their own right, but these people wrote their music in the 17th and 18th century. Many people don\'t realize all of the changes that music had to go through between that period of music and the present day. One such musician stands alone at the top as one of the movers and inno
Film Score MusicFilm Score Music To say that music plays a large role in our society would not do justice to one of the most important and popular art forms of yesterday and today. We underestimate the effectiveness and power that music, in any form , can have over even the most insensitive of people. In almost everything we do and see music is involved in some form or another. Be it a piece played at a wedding, a song played on the radio or even the music played in the background in a television commercial. Th
Great Rock Musicians: Their Achievements and EffecGreat Rock Musicians: Their Achievements and Effect on Rock and Roll The blues are undeniably the roots of early rock and roll. Rock today has mutated so much that the basic blues patterns have been all but lost. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the birth of, and evolution of rock and roll by focusing on three of the arguably greatest rock musicians of the sixties and seventies. The origin of the blues can be traced to the emancipation of the slaves in the rural black areas of the sout
Jazz and Classical MusicJazz and Classical Music Upon entering a modern record store, one is confronted with a wide variety of choices in recorded music. These choices not only include a multitude of artists, but also a wide diversity of music categories. These categories run the gamut from easy listening dance music to more complex art music. On the complex side of the scale are the categories known as Jazz and Classical music. Some of the most accomplished musicians of our time have devoted themselves to a life-long
Johann Sebastian BachJohann Sebastian Bach Chris Kouffman February 11, 1997 Period 7 Johann Sebastian Bach was a musical composer of the late 17th and early 18th centuries. He was one of the greatest composers of all time. He was born in Eisenach, Thuringia, in 1685. He spent his life in music and was known for his ability in that subject. At age 15, Bach got his first job as a court musician at Weimar. There he became known as a great organist. In 1717, the Prince of Cothen invited Bach to become Kappelmeister in C
John LennonJohn Lennon John Lennon was a great song writer and musician. He played the rhythm guitar, the piano, and sang. He was in the most popular group in the history of rock music. In 1959, John founded this group, called The Beatles. The original Beatles were John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Pete Best. Brian Epstein became the manager of the Beatles in 1961. Epstein made many changes in the group. John rebelled and did not want to package and clean up the group in order to please