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Martin Luthur King Jr.
I have chosen to write my research paper on Martin Luther King Jr. My question
is, “Was Martin Luther King Jr.’s mission worth the trouble he went through to
accomplish what he did?” I will tell about the fight for civil rights, and the injustices.
then I will state the troubles Martin Luther King Jr. went through. Finally I will tell about
the life and accomplishments of King.
The fight for civil rights and racial equality is a very big accomplishment in
American history. It seems like ever since African Americans immigrated to the United
States they have been enslaved. This is mostly true, even in the 1790’s ninety percent of
the African Americans were enslaved, the small population of freed blacks had already
established its own social institutions and had begun efforts to improve the conditions of
Most of these movements were centered in cities, which offered more liberty to
black residents than did rural areas. Even black slaves had some freedom of movement in
the cities and they generally possessed greater skills and had better access to information
than was common on plantations.
By the end of the eighteenth century certain groups of blacks had formed their
own churches. For example the African Methodist Episcopal Church which was formed
by a group of blacks in Philadelphia under the leadership of Richard Allen. Another
example of this is the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, which was formed in
New York. Around 1816 other black Baptist churches had been formed in various other
communities, mostly in the South.
Black communities continued to grow, and by the time of the Turner Rebellion
there were many African American churches, fraternal orders, schools, self-help groups,
and political organizations. Many blacks were still upset with the low literacy rate of
their people. Efforts by blacks to improve their conditions ranged from adopting white
values to attempts to escape American society.
The African Americans were determined to abolish slavery, during the 1840’s
black abolitionists developed a variety of strategies for abolishing slavery. The Fugitive
Slave Act of 1850 increased the black’s hopes of putting an end to slavery. Many violent
conflicts occurred when slaves tried to escape, and armed blacks tried to protect them.
Resistance against slavery in Boston was so strong that 2000 soldiers had to escort
Anthony Burns, an escaped slave, to a ship that returned him to the South, in 1854.
Another incident in 1857 further angered blacks, the Dred Scott case, which ruled that
blacks were not considered U.S. citizens.
Blacks faced many challenges in their fight for equality, such as the Ku Klux
Klan, and other laws and acts that were passed that took certain rights away from them.
The census which was taken in 1860 showed that there were 3,953,760 slaves in the
southern states, since the northern states had already freed their slaves. Individuals and
groups of people of almost all sects defended slavery. Antislavery views grew steadily,
but many who personally held strong antislavery opinions hesitated to join in antislavery
movements. Despite these challenges the blacks were not going to give up.
An important achievement was the adoption of the International Slavery
Convention in 1926 by the League of Nations. This convention provided for the
suppression and prohibition of the slave trade and complete abolition of slavery in all
forms. By 1951 a United Nations committee on slavery had reported that the practice of
slavery was declining rapidly and was almost completely non-existent.
Even though slavery had been abolished it doesn’t mean that all blacks automatically
received total equality with everyone else, as a matter of fact it is still pretty far fetched to
even think that blacks are equal at this time in the United States. Blacks were still
fighting for their rights and they were still discriminated against by the whites.
The African Americans were segregated from the whites, things such as buses,
schools, bathrooms, and even water fountains had signs above them or on them that said
white or colored. This caused a lot of argument and conflict among blacks and whites
because the blacks wanted to be equal. Many people tried to defy these segregation laws,
and one of them was Rosa Parks. In 1955 Rosa Parks was arrested for disobeying the
Montgomery, Alabama law that required her to give up her seat on a bus to a white
person. Her bold action helped to stimulate protests against inequality. For 382 days
following her trial, blacks refused to use the city’s bus system. The boycott, led by
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African-American Civil Rights Movement, Martin Luther King, Jr., Community organizing, Counterculture of the 1960s, Christianity in the United States, Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Montgomery Improvement Association, Rosa Parks, Albany Movement, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Black church, Martin Luther King III
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