MARTIN LUTHER KING


SLAVERY


Black slaves came from Africa and were transported overseas using large ships. They arrived in America and were sold as slaves to people. Men usually worked in cotton plantations, and women were sold as someone’s property.


EMANCIPATION


In 1866, the Northern and Southern states of America took part in the Civil War. The Northern States thought that slavery was wrong, while the Southern states thought slavery was right. The American President, Abraham Lincoln emancipated the slaves in 1862.


JIM CROW


Black people weren’t free after the Civil war because people didn’t regard them of being any value. The black people who escaped to the North got an education and a good job. The Southern states continued to discriminate black people by: colour, by blacks not being allowed to play with whites, and by blacks not being able to go to white churches. The name given to this law was Jim Crow.


KU KLUX KLAN


The K.K.K. stands for the Ku Klux Klan. They can be recognised by wearing white robes with pointed hoods. They believe that whites are a superior race, and that their friends in high places will protect them. They show their beliefs by wearing white robes, and their symbol is a blazing cross.


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