Marcel Duchamp


Video Art


Born in 1887 Marcel Duchamp would transform the way some people think about the art world. Duchamp created the idea with his "Bicycle Wheel" sculpture. He took a bicycle wheel and compromised its initial purpose by inverting it and attaching it to the seat of a wooden stool. He also rendered the stool useless by attaching the wheel to the seat. This was the first in a series of creations he called "readymades". He created 21 of these between the years 1915 and 1923. Duhamp said, "If you want to break all the rules of the artistic tradition, you have to begin by discarding its fundamental values: beauty and artisanship." Duchamp created art without using traditional techniques. He decided that the outcome of the piece and the way it looks was not as important as the pieces that make up the composition and the vision that was used to create the composition. "Traveler\'s Folding Item" allowed the audience to interact with the sculpture by looking under the cover. "Bicycle Wheel" also lets the viewer interact. These sculptures are all comprised of unimportant materials put together in a way that renders them totally useless. Duchamp also created "Unhappy Readymades" which were almost entirely conceptual art. It consists of only a set of instructions for exposing a geometry textbook to the elements for a designated period of time. Duchamp didn\'t even create a piece of art, he only created the instructions on how the art was to be created. Art is useless.