Macbeth: Macbeth A Tragic Hero - His Strengths, His Weaknesses, His Tragic Flaw
and the Effect of Outside Influences on His Nature


The contributions of Macbeth towards his fate in becoming the "tragic
hero" is evident from the first act. Like other of Shakespearean plays, the
tragic hero, Macbeth, is noble, honourable and highly respected by the general
public at the start of the play. Unfortunately Macbeth contributes to his own
fate more than what is implied. What seems to be his strengths, backfires and
these become his weaknesses.
During the play, Macbeth\'s strengths were ambition, courage, and honour.
Prior to the murders Macbeth utilised his strengths well and this earned him a
new title: "Thane of Cawdor". "For brave Macbeth-well he deserves that name.
Disdaining fortune, with his brandish\'d steel, Which smoked with bloody
execution, Like valour\'s minion carv\'d out his passage, Till he fac\'d the
slave." (Act 1, Scene 2, Lines 16-20). However, after the murder of Banquo, his
ambition and superstitious nature clouded his morals and common sense. Pride and
ambition were a main contributor to his faltering public image of a brave hero.

Macbeth\'s own nature and "metaphysical" influences is a lethal cocktail
which propels him to his fate. The witches\' ambiguous prophesies affected
Macbeth by making him curious to why they greated him as Thane of Cawdor and
why he would soon become king. Ambition seemed to be Macbeth\'s forte but after
the murder of King Duncan, which led to the murder of others, including
Macduff\'s family, it became his frailty.
In general, the witches and Lady Macbeth were responsible for causing
Macbeth ambition to become tragic flaw. Lady Macbeth, although not having any
direct influences on Macbeth\'s fate, affected his character deterioration by
testing his courage and manhood by suggesting that he is a coward for not
taking "the shortest way". When Macbeth starts to come to his senses and tells
his wife that they won\'t murder Duncan, she replies: "How tender \'tis to love
the babe that milks me: I would, while it was smiling in my face, Have pluck\'d
my nipple from his boneless gums, And dash\'d the brains out, had I so sworn as
you Have done to this." (Act 1, Scene 7, Lines 55-59). This bold statement by
Lady Macbeth persuades Macbeth that he is weaker than a woman if he does not
murder Duncan. Macbeth\'s kind and passionate nature is easily manipulated by his
wife.
The witches throughout the play, especially at the start, play an
important role as they suggest from their speeches that Macbeth is superstitious.
Also their speeches can be interpreted as telling the readers that Macbeth\'s
superstitious nature will lead to something fatal. He feels the pressure of his
imagination heightening into illusion, like the vision of the dagger which he
thinks invites him to murder Duncan and the illusion of Banquo\'s ghost. "Is
this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Come, let me
clutch thee: I have thee not, and yet I see thee still. Art thou not, fatal
vision, sensible To feeling as to sight? Or art thou but A dagger of the mind, a
false creation , Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?" (Act 2, Scene 1,
lines 33-39).
The turning point of the play is when Macbeth shows signs of panic when
a section of the army marches towards Dunsinane. He threatens the messanger that
he will be hung upon a tree if he is lying about the Birnam Wood moving towards
Dunsinane. From this point every aspect of Macbeth shows signs of distress and a
master plan failing.
Macbeth\'s fate in becoming the tragic hero is that he is not the victim
of someone else\'s mistakes. Everyone of his strengths and advantages all fail
and turn out be his weaknesses and guilty conscience. After he murders Banquo
it leads to crime after crime which contributes to his character deterioration
leaving him without friends, unhappy, unsuccessful and remorseful, but his early
contributions to his public image leaves a slightly positive overall image of
Macbeth. When he becomes the tragic hero one can only say that he himself is to
blame.

Category: English