Lord of the Flies

Essay Topics – Destructive Influences

Essay Delineate


William Golding seems to be saying that evil is present as a destructive influence in all humans and operates to counteract the forces of reason and civilization. Discuss various destructive acts that occur throughout this novel.


Destruction of:


- Simon: Simon is killed so he is loss of life

- Piggy: Piggy is also killed so he is loss of life too


- Jack makes a tribe of his own

- Jack steals from Ralph’s group

- When Roger kills Piggy and breaks the conch as well


- Jack doesn’t keep fire going (Destroys hope of getting rescued)

- Jack steals fire for his own use

- Jack steals Piggy’s glasses and Ralph cannot re-light the fire


- Piggy’s glasses; Jack breaks them. Glasses were important to Piggy and since Piggy was the most intelligent, people depended on him to give them an intelligent person’s perspective


- Introduction

- Government

- Life

- Conclusion

Destructive Influences

In the following essay, I will discuss the various destructive influences on humans and their actions as the author, Sir William Golding portrays them in his book, Lord of the Flies. There are several types of destruction in his book. Firstly, there is destruction of government. Destruction is also present when living creatures including humans are killed.

Early in the book, Golding describes a type of government forming. He told of a democracy where leaders were elected and everybody’s opinion was heard. Everybody was also given the right to speak freely without anybody else interrupting. However, as the struggle for power grew between Ralph and Jack, the democratic government failed and after a revolution, a new dictatorship emerged. There is clearly a destruction of a proper government. The destroying of the conch and the last follower, Piggy, is a sign of a complete end to the democratic government. The government of reason and civilization was replaced gradually and entirely by the contrary. It may not seem explicit but the ‘dance’ done by the hunters is a lot like government propaganda. The propaganda allows the leader to brainwash the people and get them to support the government and its actions. This means that the destructive influence in the hunters is caused by mistaken notions.

The most undeniable form of destruction is the murdering of Simon and Piggy. This was the destruction of life that influences both the characters in the book and the reader. When Simon is slaughtered, the reader finds out how barbaric the boys on the island have become. In my opinion, the lack of laws and law enforcement causes the boys to gradually realize that there is no deterrent from destruction of life. The hunting and killing of animals also causes the insensitivity and leads to blasé killings of others including humans. The chanting and the dance also contribute to the sway towards destruction, “Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood! Do him in!” The painted faces of the savage boys mask them and allow them to cause damage without assuming responsibility for it. As Golding writes, “They understood only too well the liberation into savagery the concealing paint brought”. A great part of savagery is slaying without culpability. This savagery produces the apt environment for destruction and thus is an persuasion for destruction.

In conclusion, I believe that humans are fully capable of destruction and their foremost influence is their own clandestine human nature.