Long Range Casues Of WWII

World War I was a very complicated war. It goes back as far back as 1870. Of course the was didn’t last for that many years, but it had many casues. Not just one spark that started it off. The Franco-Prussian War was one of these casues. There were sevral Franco-Prussian Wars. The last Franco-Prussian War started in 1870. Prussia was in a confederation. A confederation is a group of states that are loosly joined together and have more power than the government of the whole country. Prussia was the biggest state. France and Prussia always fought over Alsace-Lorraince. It was land with very rich soil. It was on the border between France and Prussia. They kept fighting over the land. One time Prussia would win and would take the land. The the next time France would win and would take the land. This kept happening, but in the last war, which started in 1870, Germany finally won Alsace-Lorraine. They signed a treaty in Versailles, France. The Franco-Prussian War ended in 1871. After the Franco-Prussian War, Bismarck, who was Prussia’s leader made the unification of Germany. That meant that all the separate states joined together to be one counrty. After this, Bismarck became the leader of Germany.
After the Franco-Prussian War, France was afraid that Germany would attack France for more land. So then France started building up it’s army so that Germany wouldn’t attack. Germany wanted a war. This caused the six stronge countires in Europe to start building up their armies and get ready for the war. The six stronge countries were England, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Turkey. All of these countires were compeating to be the strongest. Russia and Germany did not get along. Russia, too, was afriad Germnay would attack, so Russia started to build up it’s army to make Germany afriad. Russia and Austria-Hungary also didn’t get along. Austria-Hungary was afriad Russia would attack so they started to build up their army to intimidate Russia. Turkey didn’t get along with Austria-Hungary. Turkey saw that Austria-Hungary was building up their army, and that frightened Turkey, so they started building up their armies to scare Austria-Hungary. All of thse countries were compeating to be the best and the strongest. This is an example of militerism and nationalism. Nationalism is a deep feeling of pride for one’s country with a desire to prove that it’s better than all other countires. Nationalism could get very dangerous becasue it could start a war. It was one of the factors that started World War I. What all the countries were doing was also an example of militerism. Militerism is the way countries build up their armies to build up for war.Before the war, all young males had to train to be soldiers in school. This was called universal military training.
Another one of the casues of World War I is alliances. An Alliance is and agreemnt of friendship with two or more countries. The countries all started to make allinaces becasue they needed help incase of a war. So if country A got into a war with country B, and country A had an alliance with country C, country C would help country A fight against country B. Then maybe country B would have an allince with country D, and country D would ahve an allince with country E. So countries B,D and E could fight against countires A and C. So what would be a little war between countries A and B would turn into a very big war.
In 1872, Germnay Russia and Austria-Hungary made the first Triple Alliance. Russia left after the Franco-Prussian War. Instead of Russia, Italy came, and in 1882, it became known as the Second Triple Alliance. After Russia backed out of the first alliance, it became friends with France. In 1891, France and Russia made the Dual Alliance. In 1904 England jioned the Dual Alliance, and then it became the Triple Entant.
If a big country makes and alliance with a small country, it doesn’t mean that they’re trying to be nice. It’s because they want something. All the big countries in Europe wanted something in the Balkans. Russia wanted land for sea ports. They couldn’t use thiers by the Black Sea becasue they hads to