Life and Times of Alexander the Great


Introduction

Alexander the great made an impact on world history that few individuals
can profess to have done. He ruled all of the known world, and one of the
largest empires ever. His men were the first westerners to encounter tales of
the Yeti. They even discovered and classified new types of flora and fauna,
such as the red mold that grew on their bread while they were in Asia, and made
it appear as if it were bleeding. He expanded the Hellenist sphere of influence
to the farthest reaches of the globe.
When the king of Greece visited the British colony of India around the
turn of the century, the colonial government had some native Indian dances
displayed for him. He was shocked when he immediately recognized the dances as
the same harvest dances that his fellow Greeks performed near Thessalonika.
This was the breadth of Alexander\'s influence on hundreds of different cultures
around the world. Throughout the whole of Europe, Asia, and North Africa,
stories of this great man have been handed down from generation to generation
throughout the centuries. In many cases Alexander has even taken on a
superhuman aura, and many unbelievable legends have been based on his life.
When Julius Caesar visited Alexandria, he asked to see the body of the
greatest warrior of all time-Alexander the Great. Such was Alexander\'s
reputation, able to impress even the powerful Caesar. He was, without a doubt,
one of the most remarkable men that ever walked the face of this Earth. And
this is the story of his life.

The Life and Times of Alexander the Great

The story of Alexander the Great is one of courage, genius, and great
accomplishment; but it is also somewhat of a bittersweet one, ending with his
tragic death during the prime of his life, at thirty-two.
Alexander was born to Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, his principal
wife, in 356 BCE, mpic Games. Just three years earlier, Philip had ascended to
the throne after the death of his older brother, Perdikkas1, and named the city
of Philipi after himself. Shortly thereafter, at the age of twenty, he met
Olympias at a religious ceremony on the island of Samothrace.
Olympias was of the Mystery Religions, and was initiated at an early age.
She spent her time at wild orgies during which snakes were wrapped around the
worshippers limbs. She kept this custom of sleeping with snakes throughout her
marriage to Philip. In addition, she sacrificed thousand of animals to her
particular god or goddess each year. Interestingly enough, she had a cruel
streak normally common only to the Greek men of her time. Throughout her career
she was no slower than her male rivals to kill off enemies who seemed to
threaten her.
Olympias, believing that she was descended from Achilles, and being of
royal Epeirosian blood herself, thought that she was rightly entitled to respect
from Philip as his queen. For this reason Olympias was constantly upset at
Philip\'s long stays away from home. This anger was especially directed towards
his torrid affairs with the nearest nubile waif.
At the time of Alexander\'s birth, Philip was involved in a campaign to
defeat the Illyrian provinces in battle and incorporate them into the Greek
empire that he was building for himself. In that month, Philip received three
messages bearing good in quick succession: his victory over the Illyrians,
Alexander\'s birth, and Macedonian victory in the Olympic races.
Alexander resembled his mother more than his father. It was in memory
of Macedonia\'s greatest king, Alexander I, that Alexander was named. Philip,
currently engaged in a plan for the conquest of Greece and eventually parts of
Asia, had high hopes for his firstborn son to eventually continue in his
footsteps. In the following year Alexander\'s only sibling, a sister named
Cleopatra, was born.
Alexander probably had no recollection of his father having both of his
eyes, because Philip lost his eye storming an Athenian fortress. During
Alexander\'s early years, he was watched over by a man named Leonidas2. Leonidas
saw to all of Alexander\'s education and tutelage in many varied subjects
including: writing, geometry, reading, arithmetic, music, archery, horseback
riding, javelin, and other types of athletics.
Alexander\'s nursemaid was an endearing gentleman whose name was
Lysimachos, who won Alexander\'s heart at an early age by playing imagination
games with Alexander and his playmates: Ptolemy, Harpalos, Nearchos, Hephaistion,
and Erigyios.
When Alexander reached the ripe old age of thirteen, Philip decided it
was time for Alexander to receive a higher education better befitting his young
heir. Searching throughout his empire, Philip was lucky enough to