Lazio

Introduction

Lazio, also known as Latium, is a region in west central Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea. There are many beautiful provinces, or cities, in the region. Some include Rome, Latina, Frosinone, Viterbo, and Rieti. In Lazio there is also an important river, the Tiber, which runs right through Rome. The capital of Italy is Rome, which is also an important industrial city in the region, Lazio, and the capital of Lazio as well. Another important city is Civitavecchia, the Vatican City, the center of the Roman Catholic Church. There are also main agricultural areas in Lazio that are in the Campagna di Roma and the Pontine Marshes, where sheep and cattle are raised and vegetables, fruit, grain, and cotton are grown.

Facts & History

Lazio has a surface area of 17.203 square kilometers and a population of 5,140,000. The ancient history of Lazio is close to that of Rome. Before the foundation of the city, it was inhabited by many people such as the Etruscans, Latins, Equi and Volscians. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Lazio was dependent on the Papacy, which stayed strong until the unification of Italy in 1870. The history of this region is important to the many different arts and cultures that Lazio, Rome mainly, contains due to artistic heritage. Lazio has amazing remains from past civilizations and modern. Throughout Lazio you will find art dating back as far as the roman periods, often preserved in perfect condition. Lazio has been greatly influenced religiously due to religious events and histories of great religious families, who have left the territory with numerous articles and monuments with great architecture. Such things as churches, abbeys, castles, and villas, are a result of religious dedications. Lazio has had artists from all over the world worked in its environment, leaving behind important paintings and sculptures and even buildings. Mainly Lazio through its history has been enriched with beautiful specimens. It is also covered with lovely landscapes ranging from the Appennine Mountains to the beautiful Tiber and its coasted with the Tyrrhenian Sea. Therefore its history starts with Rome, but extends greatly and vastly.



Religious Aspects in the Region

In Lazio there are many religious buildings, paintings, and other such things. One of many religious sites is The Sacred Valley, which is about an hour from Rome. The Sacred Valley is where Saint Francis of Assisi came to fast and pray and to talk to Brother Wind. Within the mountains of the area is the famous Fonte Colombo, which is one of four ancient hermitages, where many monks come to pray and live lives dedicated to God. Saint Francis was born in Lazio near Fonte Colombo but preached all over Italy, yet he still came back to this place probably because of its great beauty and peacefulness.


Great Ruins in Lazio

One of the beautifully preserved ruins in Lazio are the ruins of Ostia, which are about twenty miles from Rome in the meadows between the Tiber River and the Tyrrhenian Sea. It was founded first to guard the area against seaborne invasions, and then later it became a major port for cargo boats. Soon it became a flourishing city grossly populated and well maintained, because most buildings and houses are still intact today. Through its Ten thousand acres you can make a wonderful picture of how life was in those times. Once inside, you might see such things as the Baths of Neptune. Here, in a beautifully preserved mosaic you can see one of the Roman sea gods riding a chariot drawn by four horses. Among Ostia\'s ruins there is also an amphitheater, which is wonderfully preserved. It has steep stone bleachers that form a semicircle around the stage. It can hold about 3, 500 spectators. Although it is still intact much of the scenery has long been destroyed. Behind this theater is where the Forum is located, which housed 64 companies near the sea. Most of the people that came here usually wanted to get imports or send exports. When people made deals with a company they would offer a sacrifice at the temple of Ceres, which stood in the center of the forum. Within the heart of Ostia is the apartment buildings and also ground floor shops. Most Ostian apartment buildings had inner courtyards and balconies