Laws Against Assisted Suicide in Canada


"This is a very special day for me. It\'s the day of my release, the
release from suffering, the release from the torment of my body." Those were the
words of the very first Canadian to die through the process of doctor assisted-
suicide, with the doctor being Jack Kevorkian. His name was Austin Bastable, and
in the last few years of his life he became a crusader for the right to die with
dignity.

It has been only in these last few years, with the introduction of
people such as Dr. Jack Kevorkian and Austin Bastable, that the world has begun
to see the benefits made possible by the act of assisted-suicide. The prevention
of suffering and pain made possible through this medicide, regarded as immoral
for years, affects not only the patient but their immediate and distant
relatives as well. Kevorkian told a judicial court the same one day in late
April, early May: "Suicide is not the aim. Eliminating suffering is the aim, but
you pay a price with the loss of a life." Although Kevorkian\'s methods have
succeeded with some difficulty, in the USA, their northern neighbour, our great
dominion of Canada, disallows the administration of this relieving practice. In
our grand country assisted suicide is illegal.

Cases of other terminally ill persons have surfaced throughout the news,
the most prominent being those related to Dr. "Death" Kevorkian. We don\'t often
think on what a terminally ill person might be like. They might be suffering
from Lou Gehrig\'s Disease. They might be suffering from multiple sclerosis. They
might be suffering from any number of other types of injuries and diseases. What
we don\'t think about are the cases that bring out our most empathetic feelings.

Take the case of one Christine Busalacchi, who was so severely injured
in an accident that she now lives in what her father calls a "persistent
vegetative condition." Vegetative is precisely the word to describe her
condition. She has lost enough weight to cause her to appear as someone else.
She has her right leg bent with her knee always in the air and her left foot is
frozen in a quite unnatural manner. Her skin remains milk white, the kind of
colour one would associate with the skin of dead bodies. She chews constantly,
often gagging on her own saliva. She has a gastrostomy tube protruding from her
stomach. Nurses have to come every so often to change her diaper. She will never
respond to any stimulus voluntarily, only through reflex action, and that
reaction will be only in her brain. A well-known neurologist pointed out how her
brain now only includes those parts of it that control the reflexive actions,
such as chewing, rather than those parts that make us human. Christine is not
the only person in that situation. Many others are forced to live the rest of
their artificial lives in a prison where freedom is taken captive—the freedom to
die.

Canada\'s laws against assisted-suicide have been attacked before. The
most well known "right-to-die" campaigners in Canada are the late Sue Rodriguez
and the late Austin Bastable. Sue Rodriguez led the "right-to-die" campaign
against the government in 1993, where a ban against assisted-suicide was
narrowly upheld. Sue later died in an assisted suicide in 1994. Bastable become
known to many Canadians in early May of this year. He became the first Canadian
to die with the aid of Dr. Kevorkian, as well as the first non-American to do so,
on May 6th. Bastable was said to have had a videotape recorded for the purpose
of being shown during a media briefing in Toronto: "My death is a blow for
freedom, not just for myself but for every rational Canadian who someday may
wish to have a choice in how they will die."

Comparing cases such a Christine\'s, Sue\'s and Austin\'s it becomes clear
that quite a few people support the concept of assisted-suicide. In fact,
physician-assisted voluntary euthanasia is favoured three-to-one according to
polls taken in the USA. Of course, the USA is not Canada, but how much different
can we be. Still, although our countries have a long way to go in providing
people the right to die, there are some places where our species is beginning to
see the light.

The Northern Territory of Australia\'s legislature became the first in
the world to allow voluntary euthanasia in May of this year. Bob Dent became the
first person to kill himself under the world\'s only such law. Yet this act in
itself had profound results; federal lawmakers drawing