Languages


Many of the world's lesser-known languages are being lost as fewer and fewer people speak them. The governments of countries in which these languages are spoken should act to prevent such languages from becoming extinct."


The author states that government of countries should take an active role in preventing languages from getting extinct due to decrease in number of people speaking them.I agree with the speaker insofar that each country should preserve its indigenous languages and cultures ,however inducing the governments to act in this matter is a matter of contention.



Man is a social being.We organise ourselves into cooperative groups,create languages and dialects,develop customs and dress,share patterns of behavior and belief.In other words we create culture .We identify ourselves and feel a deep sense of belonging with our culture.It is our source of pride ,self-esteem and security.Language is a vital part of our culture .Therefore loss of language is a blow to our self-worth and pride.


An excellent example for this would be Europe where people still insist on seperate languages despite there being no necessity for one.Another would be in India where the state of tamil nadu refuse to accept Hindi as a national language and even go to extremes not to teach it in a furious attempt to preserve their language.


Even in places where there are no distinct languages ,a new native language is created ,whether it be a new one or just a modified version of the old language.Indonesians invented a new language which has been derived from many languages in a bid for cultural identity.In brief many people oppose language assimilation claiming it to be a deterrent to cultural identity.


Another argument in favor of preserving languages is that the distinct ideas can be expressed only through their language.Japanese language for example contains a mysticism and spiritual values that only japanese can convey.In such cases losing the language paramounts to relinquishing certain treasured beliefs and ideas


From a different point of view this may pose many problems at an international level, as in today's tech-savvy world of satellite communications,global mobility and especially internet , language barriers hinder cross-culture communication thus affecting the very roots of internationalization.Furthermore , lack of a common language breeds suspicion and contempt leading to even wars between nations.When major form of communication today-the internet predominantly uses English language it can be presumed that other languages will be slowly sidelined and will become extinct in a short time.


Focussing the government's efforts in such a no-go situation is unnecessary and ridiculous when there are much more essential problems like hunger, illiteracy,homelessness etc.


To sum up,while preserving languages is a worthy goal as it is a sense of pride and dignity for people; retains the cultural beliefs and values and brings understanding about the history ,its drawbacks far outweigh the benefits .Its drawbacks being hindrance to cross-cultural communication and internationalization.Hence the government should focus on more important needs and leave language preservation to the people to act as they see fit.