Key Definitions & Terms


• The Enterprise – Corporate entities dispersed geographically


• Departments – A single organization within a corporate entity


• Technology Diffusion - Processes or methods that enable technology to permeate a particular segment of society (Gross and Ryan, 1942).


• Technology Acceptance - Defined or measured by the end-users\' willingness to embrace and utilize a new technology in preference to an old technology (Davis, 1989)


• Technology Adoption - A process that takes place at the organizational, corporate, or governmental levels


• Technology Adaptation - A process in which the original technology is modified to address the needs of a local community.


• Technology Transfer - A process or method that enable technology to be deployed from one location (the home location) to another location (the host location) (Rogers, et al, 1995).


• E- Commerce Readiness - The evaluation of a country or community to determine its level of readiness for global electronic commerce. (Oxley and Yeung, 2000; APEC, 2001; McConnell, 2001).


• Hard Technologies - Factories, machines, tools, and other hardware items associated with a particular technology.


• Soft Technologies - Processes, procedures, and skills that may be associated with a particular technology.


• Telecommunication Infrastructure – A combination of various telecommunication media and computer equipment that are interconnected to facilitate electronic transmission of data and information.


• Antecedents - A variety of dynamics that can be traced to historical underpinnings in a society.


Advances in Phone Technology Advances in Phone Technology


• 1915: 1st transcontinental and transatlantic phone connections


• 1919: Rotary dial phones, enabling automatic connections


• 1948: Microwave trunk lines first put in service in Canada


• 1962: Telecommunications via satellite began with Telstar. Fax services and digital transmission (T-carriers) also introduced


• 1969: Picturefone services introduced but fail commercially


• 1976: Packet-switched data communications begins


• 1984: Cellular telephone communications begins


• 1990s: Video Conferencing, Integrated Services, etc.


• 2000s: Video Phone, Megapixel Camera Phone


Internet Milestones Internet Milestones


• Originally called ARPANET, the Internet began in 1969 as a militaryacademic network in the US (originally 4 nodes).


• 1983, Milnet (for military) split off. Internet is used for academic, education and research purposes only


• 1986 NSFNet created as US Internet backbone


• Early 1990s, commercial access to the Internet begins. Government funding of the backbone ends in 1994.


• 2001 - the Internet had an estimated 40 million servers and 400 million users.


Growth in the use of the Internet continues at a rapid rate


(see cyberatlas.internet.com)


A Brief History of Information Systems


• 1950s: Batch processing mainframes


• 1960s: Data communications over phone lines became common and mainframes became multi-user systems


• 1970s: Online real-time, transaction oriented systems replaced batch processing. DBMSs became common


• 1980s: The PC revolution


• 1990s: PC LANs, MAN, BN, WAN became common


• 2000: Networking and Connectivity Everywhere, Wireless, SatComm


Datacom Basics Datacom Basics


• Data Communications:


The movement of computer information from one point to another by means of electrical or optical transmission systems (called networks).


• Telecommunications:


Broader term that includes the transmission of voice and video, as well as data, and may imply longer distances.


• Although once considered separate phenomenon, telecom & datacom there is an ongoing process of “converging” into a single “broadband” communications technology.


ATTRIBUTES OF E-READINESS SIX COMMON COMPONENTS OF E-READINESS ASSESSMENT


• Infrastructure And Connectivity


• Information Security Or Rule Of Law


• Current Access To Internet Services/ E-readiness Climate


• Current Levels And Type Of Internet Use


• Leadership And Government Promotion


• Human Capital And Its Education


TAM Components


• Perceived Usefulness


• Perceived Ease of Use


• Intent to Use


• Actual System Use (Voluntariness)


Typical Management Orientation & Characteristics


• Identifying & Tracking - managing and resolving project issues


• Proactively disseminating project information to all


stakeholders


• Identifying, managing and mitigating project risk


• Ensuring that the solution is of acceptable quality


• Proactively managing scope - to ensure that only what was agreed


to is delivered, unless changes are approved through scope management


• Defining and collecting metrics - to give a sense for how the


project is progressing and whether the deliverables produced are acceptable


• Managing the overall work-plan - to ensure work is


assigned and completed on time and within budget


Which Comes First – The Chicken or the Egg Scenario


• Technology Acceptance vs. Infrastructure Development


• How Much Technology Acceptance


• How Much Technology Adoption


• How Much Technology Adaptation


• How Much E-Readiness Investment


Suggestion: Levels of E-Readiness Proportionate with Absorption


Capacity & Levels of Technology Transfer or


Deployment


Dissertation Research Framework


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