This essay Kashmir has a total of 827 words and 4 pages.
Kashmir is located in Himalayan range. Most of the area is mountainous with very fertile land, beautiful lakes, covered with thick green forests and produce verity of fruits.
84471 sq.: miles; with boundaries with Pakistan, India, china and Afghanistan.
About 5 million consisting of 77% Muslim. Borders with Pakistan 902 miles
and borders with India 307 miles.
The state of Kashmir came into existence in 1848 when Lord Lawrence the Governor General of British India sold the area to Gulab Singh a leader of Hindu dogra tribe for RS 7.5 million. Dogra rulers treated the Muslim Population who was meek, poor and peace loving harshly and taxed them Heavily.
At that time of partition of India every state was given the option of acceding either to India or Pakistan. Lord Mountbatten the last Viceroy of India in his addressed the prince of the state on July 25,1947 said, "accede to India or Pakistan, bearing in mind the geographical situation by the respective state, the composition of their population and wishes of their people".
According to the portion of India plan announced by the viceroy of India
on June 3 1947, the Muslim majority provinces were to become Pakistan and those with Hindu majority were to form India. The province of Punjab was accordingly to be divided. A boundary commission headed by sir Redchiff was appointed. This commission wrongfully awarded a Teshil (county) namely Gurdaspur to India to provide land connection between Kashmir and India. On July 19 1947 the Muslim conference, the only political party of Kashmir announced that it demands accession to Pakistan. The Hindu maharaja Harry Singh honoree acceded to India whole population rose in revolt. The maharaja fold to India and the Indians troops invoked the valley on October 27 1947. The Kashmir freedom fighter supported by Afghanistan tribes men put up a
resistance. The Security Council of UNO passed a resolution asking India and Pakistan to cease-fire for January 1,1949. In another resolution the Security Council asked both the countries to with draw their forces from the state for an impartial plebiscite under the control of UNO to decide the future of Kashmir. UN military observes has since been appointed on cease-fire line. A commission to arrange plebiscite was also appointed
headed by Mr. Gunner Jarring. India however has been adopting delaying tactics ever since to allow the Kashmiris to exercise their right of self determination. India and Pakistan have gone to war over in 1965 and 1971. In 1971 the cease-fire line was given the name of line of control. The people of Kashmir struggled in peaceful political way for about 40 years and then started armed resistance 11 years ago. The India govt. deployed 0.6 million troops to crush the resistance with tyranny and iron hand. The atrocities and violation of human rights has been recently announced in a report by "Asia watch" an international human rights group.
Some by the figures are: -
1. There is 1 military person per 7.Killed 60,000 in less than 9 years, injured 41,000 Refugees 50,000, People burned alive 5000.
2. There are 10,000 young widows at present in Kashmir. Women gang raped 4700
3.There are 7000 youth in the jail. There are 585 government schools, out of which 262 are with the security forces. Some of them are used as interrogation centers and torture cells. The army also occupies the sports stadiums. - -school, shops and houses burned and destroyed 27,470
4.There are 30,000 orphans.
5. There are 20 to 25 deaths per day (by killings) by false encounter .There are approximately 10 to 15 people taken in the lockup daily.
6.There are 60 doctors including the junior most for the 500 bedded hospital, which admits 600 patients.
In Feb 1999, the Kashmiri freedom fighters supported by Mujahideens of Afghanistan and Pakistan took control of kargil, Batalak and Daras sector in High Mountain cutting off supply route of India occupation army in Leah and siachin. Indian army could not even after 2 months of attempts dislodge them and suffered heavy casualties. Tension mounted so much that India and Pakistan were on the verge of full-scale war, which could turn into a nuclear war.
This looming nuclear disaster over south east Asia has for the time begin
halted due to the intervention by the US
Topics Related to Kashmir
Kashmir conflict, Kashmir, IndiaPakistan relations, Mountain warfare, Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan, Indian Army, Dogra, UN mediation of Kashmir, Azad Kashmir
Essays Related to Kashmir
The United NationsThe United Nations The United Nations is an organization of sovereign nations not a world government. It provides the machinery to help find solutions to disputes or problems, and to deal with virtually any matter of concern to humanity. It does not legislate like a national parliament. But in the meeting rooms and corridors of the UN, representatives of almost all countries of the world large and small, rich and poor, with varying political views and social systems have a voice and vote in shap
Essay # 4-5: Kashmir ConflictsEssay # 4-5: Kashmir Conflicts Geo 352 Winter ‘04 The Maoist conflict revolt and Kashmir conflicts seem to be familiar to many conflicts that have happened in the past. Conflicts over land have been going on for as long as anyone can remember. Disputing how to use the land, who can live on the land, and who rules the land first seems to be the main themes in these conflicts. Both of the conflicts seem to have developed when foreign influences use their power to appoint government officials to en
Globalization & Human Development Globalization Human Development Kazakhstan and Pakistan Abstract Globalization provides opportunities for developing countries to progress economically and increase human development. This paper defines the difference between economic development and human development and shows that Pakistan is at the low end of human development, while Kazakhstan is at and average level, considered a middle income country. Human development goes beyond measures of GDP, literacy rates, and life expectancy. Fact
India and KashmirIndia and Kashmir September 23, 2003 Poli Sci 120 For the past four decades, the UN has been concerned with conflicts between Pakistan and India over Kashmir. In August of 1947 Indian and Pakistan gained their independence from Britain. After the Indian Independence act of 1947 Kashmir was free to accede with ether country. Kashmir’s decision to accede with India became a matter of dispute between India and Pakistan. In many ways the Pakistani people felt cheated out of Kashmir, which gave cause
Reality Based ProgrammingReality Based Programming “By crossing into a space whose curvature is no longer that of the real, nor that of truth, the era of simulation of inaugurated by a liquidation of all referentials-worse: with their artificial resurrection in the systems of signs, a material more malleable than meaning, in that it lends itself to all systems of equivalences . . . It is no longer a question of imitation, nor duplication, nor even parody. It is a question of substituting the signs of the real for the re
Kashmir StoryKashmir Story The Historical Background: Jammu and Kashmir has three distinct components - Hindu majority Jammu, Buddhist dominated Ladakh in the North and predominantly Muslim populated Valley, besides what is under Pakistan occupation. Pakistan\'s eyes are set on Kashmir on the pernicious two-nation theory. Never mind the fact that despite partition of the sub-continent into India and Pakistan in 1947 by the British, India still has the world\'s second largest Muslim population, around 120 mil
Government in India, TodayGovernment in India, Today India\'s present constitution went into effect on Jan. 26, 1950. At that time, the nation changed its status from a dominion to a federal republic, though it remained within the Commonwealth. A president, chosen by an Electoral College replaced the governor-general, appointed by the British Crown. The president is the official chief of state, but the office is largely ceremonial. In parliamentary government, the people in a country elect members of at least one house o