Joyce\'s "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man": A Review


James Joyce\'s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is considered to
be one of the finest works of literature of all time. Herbert Gorman, an author
from the early twentieth century, stated that "so profound and beautiful and
convincing a book is part of the lasting literature of our age," and with good
reason. The main character of the novel, Stephen Dedalus, is a complex and
dynamic youth, and one who undergoes vast changes during the course of his life.
The main influences on him are family and religion. As his life passes,
Stephens\' feelings towards these influences change drastically.
Stephen\'s family is very important to him. His father, Simon, plays a
major role in his early life, and Stephen has great respect for him. However,
there are instances when Stephen is angered by his fathers\' actions, and resents
his statements. The growing debts incurred by Simon lead to his son\'s
transferring to a day school. Stephens\' difficulties at his former educational
institution are relayed by his father, much to the chagrin of the younger
Dedalus. Later in the novel, Stephen loses even more respect for his father as
the familys\' debts continue to grow and they are forced to move. Once, when the
two males travel to sell of the family estate, Simon returns to his former
school and converses with his former classmates. Stephen is upset to hear of
his father\'s wild behavior as a youth, and of his flirtatious nature. He begins
to rebel against his strict upbringing, striking back at his familys\'
traditional values and way of life.
Religion is an ever present force in Stephen\'s life. He attends a
religious school from an early age, and is a devout Roman Catholic. He has
great reference for the priests at his school, and even fears the rector. As
his life progresses, Stephen experiences great feelings for women, and finally
gives into his desire when he encounters a prostitute in Dublin. From this
point forward, he views his life as an immoral one and makes many attempts to
correct it. He goes so far as to deprive all of his senses from any form of
pleasure. While attending a religious retreat, Stephen takes all that he hears
to heart. He believes that if he does not correct his ways, he will be banished
to an eternity in Hell. Deciding that he must confess his immoral act, Stephen
goes to a small parish where he is not known. He begins to overcompensate for
his sins, but to no avail. His sinful ways overcome his spiritual values, and
Stephen decides to abandon his religion. He vows to change his life for the
better, and begins studying at a university. Here, his artistic nature surfaces,
and Stephen embraces it. He explains his new theories to all who will listen,
and decides to move away from Ireland and his repressed beliefs, and to a new
life of freedom.
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is a literary work that has many
distinct aspects involved in it. The stylistic method of writing that Joyce
uses is perhaps the most notable of them. Not once in the novel are quotation
marks used, making it difficult to judge where dialogue begins and ends. This
very fact, however, lends itself towards the reader\'s determination of what the
author had in mind by using this style. In addition to this, the plot seems to
have large gaps in it at points. The time frame of the story, as well as the
simple determination of Stephen\'s age, is difficult to grasp during certain
instances. Joyce may have utilized this to allow the reader to bring a more
personal approach to the reading and understanding of the work. This, too, is a
fascinating aspect of the novel. Many critics believe that Portrait is an
autobiographical piece of fiction. Many similarities exist between the lives of
Stephen and Joyce. The strong religious upbringing of these Irishmen, their
financial hardships, and the family life of each male is strikingly similar.
Each attended the same schools, underwent the same mental development, and grew
strongly attached to their artistic interests. However many differences between
their lives, it is obvious that Joyce drew upon his own life when he created
this work. Although Joyce was more of an athlete, more extroverted, and
regarded his peers as equals or superiors, Stephen\'s life parallels his with a
vast deal of similitude. The personalities of Joyces\' friends were changed, as
were the academic honors