Jomo Kenyatta

Throughout the twenitieth century, many individuals have made importaint
contributions to their nations or to thier region.Three that i will be talking
about are Jomo Kenyatta, Yassir Arafat, and Yizhak Rabin. due to what these
Three have done what whould be of there nations or regions.
Jomo Kenyatta was the first president of Kenya. He was devoted
nationalist who was a staunch protector of Western political and economic
interests in Kenya. Kenyatta was widely regarded as a stabilizing force in Kenya.
Kenyatta was born probably on October 20, 1891, at Ichaweri in British
East Africa (now Kenya). A member of the Kikuyu tribe, he was named Kamau wa
Ngengi. Educated at the Church of Scotland Mission at Kikuyu and baptized a
Christian, he worked as a government clerk in Nairobi. Where in 1922 he joined a
political protest movement. By 1928, as secretary of the Kikuyu Central
Association, he was chief advocate for Kikuyu land rights. From 1931 to 1946 he
worked and studied in Western Europe and Moscow. While in London, Kenyatta
studied under the British anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski and wrote his
influential book Facing Mount Kenya (1938).
On returning to Africa, Kenyatta was elected president of the new Kenya
African Union (later, Kenya African National Union, or KANU). In 1952 he was
charged with leading the Mau Mau Rebellion against the British, and, despite his
denials, he was sentenced to seven years in prison and two years in exile.
Released in 1961, he assumed the presidency of KANU. In 1963, when Kenya gained
independence, Kenyatta became prime minister. He was elected president of the
new Republic of Kenya in 1964 and held that post until his death in Mombasa on
August 22, 1978.
Yassir Arafat is a Palestinian commando leader and politician. Hes the
head of head of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Born in Jerusalem
he fled after the establishment of Israel in 1948 later studied engineering in
CairoRabin, Yitzhak (1922- ), Israeli political leader. Born in Jerusalem and
educated in an agricultural school, Rabin fought with Palmach, a Jewish commando
unit, against British authorities in Palestine. Jailed by the British in mid-
1946, he was released in early 1947 and helped lead the defense of Jerusalem in
the War of Independence (1947-1949). Rabin then rose through the ranks of the
Israel Defense Forces, becoming chief of staff in 1964. After the Six-Day War
(1967) he retired from the military and served as ambassador to the United
States from 1968 to 1973. He entered the Knesset (parliament) as a Labor member
in January 1974; by May he had succeeded Golda Meir as prime minister and party
leader. In April 1977, after a series of scandals, he was forced to surrender
his party leadership to Shimon Peres. As defense minister from 1984 to 1990,
Rabin was responsible for carrying out Israel\'s hard-line response to the
Palestinian uprisings known as the intifada. In February 1992 he replaced Peres
as Labor party leader, and after elections in June Rabin again became prime
minister. In 1993, after secret negotiations, Rabin agreed to the signing of an
historic peace accord with longtime enemy Yasir Arafat, chairman of the
Palestine Liberation Organization. The agreement paved the way for limited
Palestinian self-rule in Israeli-occupied Al Fatah, and for
the next few years, while working with a construction firm in Kuwait, repeatedly
led fedayeen raids deep into Israeli territory. In 1964, he linked Al Fatah with
similar groups in the PLO, which he has headed since 1968. After the Arab League
recognized the PLO as the sole representative of Palestinian Arabs in 1974,
Arafat worked to win the organization international recognition. Also he made a
strong effort to shed his terrorist image for that of the moderate statesman. In
1988 he proclaimed an independent Palestinian state, addressed a special session
of the United Nations General Assembly in Geneva, and recognized Israel\'s right
to exist, thus meeting a pivotal U.S. condition for substantive dialogue with
the PLO. His support for Iraq during the Persian Gulf War eroded his
international standing, especially with most Arab governments in the Gulf. In a
startling development, after secret negotiations, Arafat and Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin agreed to the signing of a peace accord in Washington,
D.C., on September 13, 1993, calling for Israel and the PLO to recognize each
other and for Palestinian self-rule to begin in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank
town of Jericho.

Category: History